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Table 2 Comparison of Sleep symptoms between the TD and the ASD group

From: Sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder: a multicenter survey

Variable Prevalence, N (%) χ2 p The Score of CSHQ, Mean ± SD/ Median(P5-P95) Z p
TD (1158) ASD (1310) TD (1158) ASD (1310)
Bedtime Resistance 184 (15.9) 336 (25.6) 35.203 <0.001 9 (7–13) 9 (8–14) −6.731 <0.001
Sleep Onset Delay 148 (12.8) 235 (17.9) 12.475 <0.001 1 (1–3) 2 (1–3) −7.655 <0.001
Sleep Duration 69 (6) 123 (9.4) 10.084 <0.001 3 (3–6) 3 (3–7) −6.267 <0.001
Sleep Anxiety 182 (15.7) 298 (22.7) 19.397 <0.001 6 (5–8) 6 (5–9) −3.288 0.001
Night Waking 17 (1.5) 65 (5) 23.358 <0.001 3 (3–5) 3 (3–5.45) −3.879 <0.001
Parasomnia 46 (4) 97 (7.4) 13.265 <0.001 8 (7–10) 8 (7–12) −0.349 0.727
Sleep Disordered Breathing 15 (1.3) 69 (5.3) 29.493 <0.001 3 (3–4) 3 (3–5) −3.762 <0.001
Daytime Sleepiness 69 (6) 193 (14.7) 49.87 <0.001 10 (8–17) 11 (8–19) −5.16 <0.001
A total score of CSHQ 591 (51) 883 (67.4) 68.462 <0.001 41 (36–51) 43 (36–58) −9.688 <0.001