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Table 2 Baseline characteristics comparison between groups CAC score = 0 and CAC score > 0

From: Coronary artery calcium in patients with schizophrenia

Variables CAC score = 0 CAC score > 0 P-value
n (%) 114 (69.9) 49 (30.1)  
Age, mean (SD) 44.5 (9.1) 56.9 (7.7) < 0.001
Male sex, n (%) 65 (57.0) 31 (63.3) 0.457
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 70 (63.6) 39 (79.6) 0.045
Diabetes, n (%) 20 (17.5) 14 (28.6) 0.112
Smoking, n (%) 80 (70.2) 44 (89.8) 0.007
Hypertension, n (%) 38 (33.3) 24 (48.8) 0.059
Obesity, n (%) 46 (40.4) 17 (34.7) 0.496
LDL, unmeasurable, n (%) 9 (8.4) 3 (6.1)  
LDL, measurable, n (%) 98 (91.6) 46 (93.9)  
mean (SD) 2.6 (0.9) 2.5 (0.9)  
HDL, mean (SD) 1.3 (0.4) 1.4 (0.5)  
Triglyceride, mean (SD) 2.2 (1.9) 2.5 (3.0)  
CAC score
 25th percentile   13  
 50th percentile   35  
 75th percentile   221  
 90th percentile   783  
Severity of schizophreniaa
 CGI-SCH scorea, mean (SD) 3.7 (1.1) 3.6 (1.3) 0.545
Duration of schizophrenia
 mean years (SD) 17. 8 (7.6) 24.1 (8.1) < 0.001
Clozapine treatment, n (%) 33 (28.9) 8 (16.3) 0.089
  1. aBased on the CGI-SCH rating scale for overall severity.