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Table 2 Observational studies

From: Somatic health care professionals’ stigmatization of patients with mental disorder: a scoping review

First author, year, reference Country Population Sample size Diagnosis Design
Abood, 2009 [30] UK Medical doctors N = 47 Self-harm Quantitative
Anderson, 2017 [31] USA Medical doctors N = 80 Eating disorder Quantitative
Arbanas, 2019 [32] Croatia Health professionals N = 387 Mixed Quantitative
Artis, 2013 [33] UK Emergency personnel N = 10 Self-harm Qualitative
Arvaniti, 2009 [34] Greece Health professionals and health care students N = 592 Mixed Quantitative
Avery, 2019 [35] USA Medical doctors N = 411 Dual diagnosis Quantitative
Bannatyne, 2017 [36] Australia Health care students N = 126 Eating disorder Quantitative
Bell, 2010 [37] Australia, Belgium, India, Finland, Estonia, Latvia Pharmacy students N = 649 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Bell, 2008 [38] Australia, Belgium, India, Finland, Estonia, Latvia Pharmacy students N = 642 Mixed Quantitative
Bjorkman, 2008 [39] Sweden Nurses N = 120 Mixed Quantitative
Brunero, 2017 [40] Australia Nurses N = 16 Mixed Qualitative
Castillejos, 2019 [41] Spain General practitioners N = 145 Mixed Quantitative
Ceylan, 2019 [42] Turkey Nurses N = 186 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Chapman, 2014 [43] Australia Emergency Personnel N = 186 Self-harm Quantitative
Clifton, 2016 [44] UK Health professionals N = 85 Mixed Qualitative
Conlon, 2012 [45] Ireland Emergency personnel N = 87 Self-harm Quantitative
Crapanzano, 2018 [46] USA Medical doctors N = 96 Depression Quantitative
Currin, 2009 [47] UK General practitioners N = 154 Eating disorders Quantitative
Cutler, 2009 [48] USA Medical students N = 47 Mixed Qualitative
Dixon, 2008 [49] UK Medical students N = 1081 Mixed Quantitative
Ewalds-Kvist, 2013 [50] Sweden Nursing students N = 246 Mixed Quantitative
Gawley, 2011 [51] Canada Health care students N = 309 Depression Quantitative
Giannetti, 2018 [52] USA Pharmacists N = 239 Mixed Quantitative
Gordon, 2012 [53] UK Emergency personnel N = 32 Mixed Quantitative
Granados-Gamez, 2017 [54] Spain Nursing students N = 194 Mixed Quantitative
Happell, 2008 [55] Australia Nursing students N = 148 Mixed Quantitative
Happell, 2018 [56] Australia, Ireland, Finland, Norway, Netherland Nursing students N = 423 Mixed Quantitative
Heyward-Chaplin, 2018 [57] UK Health professionals N = 59 Self-harm Quantitative
Ihalainen-Tamlander, 2016 [58] Finland Nurses N = 218 Mixed Quantitative
Janouskova, 2017 [59] The Czech Republic Health professionals and health care students N = 308 Mixed Quantitative
Jones, 2009 [60] USA Medical doctors N = 51 Mixed Quantitative
Koning, 2018 [61] Australia Emergency personnel N = 15 Self-harm Qualitative
Thongpriwan, 2015 [62] USA Nursing students N = 229 Mixed Quantitative
Kopera, 2015 [63] Polonia Health professionals and health care students N = 57 Mixed Quantitative
Korszun, 2012 [64] UK Medical students N = 760 Mixed Quantitative
Kuzman, 2014 [65] The Czech Republic Medical students N = 199 Mixed Quantitative
Leddy, 2009 [66] USA Medical doctors N = 504 Eating disorder Quantitative
Liekens, 2012 [67] Belgium Pharmacists N = 149 Depression Quantitative
Magliano, 2011 [68] Italy Medical students N = 194 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Magliano, 2017 [69] Italy General practitioners N = 387 Schizophrenia Quantitative
McCann, 2018 [70] Australia Emergency personnel N = 1230 Dual diagnosis Quantitative
McCarthy, 2010 [71] Ireland Emergency Personnel N = 68 Self-harm Quantitative
Morral, 2016 [72] UK Pharmacists N = 351 Mixed Quantitative
Muehlenkamp, 2013 [73] Belgium Health professionals N = 342 Self-harm Quantitative
Nash, 2013 [13] UK Emergency personnel N = 39 Mixed Qualitative
Nauta, 2019 [74] Netherlands Medical doctors N = 187 Mixed Quantitative
Neauport, 2012 [75] France Medical doctors N = 322 Mixed Quantitative
Noonan, 2018 [76] Ireland Midwifes N = 157 Mixed Quantitative
Nutt, 2017 [77] Scotland Health professionals N = 113 Dual diagnosis Quantitative
O’Reilly, 2012 [78] Australia Health professionals and health care students N = 23 Mixed Qualitative
O’Reilly, 2015 [79] Australia Pharmacists N = 188 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Peitl, 2011 [80] Croatia Health professionals and health care students N = 151 Mixed Quantitative
Perboell, 2015 [81] Denmark Emergency personnel N = 122 Self-harm Quantitative
Prener, 2015 [82] USA Emergency personnel N = 20 Mixed Qualitative
Rai, 2019 [83] UK Medical doctors N = 37 Self-harm Mixed methods
Rao, 2009 [84] UK Health professionals N = 108 Dual diagnosis Quantitative
Raveneau, 2014 [85] USA Health professionals N = 82 Eating disorder Quantitative
Reavley, 2014 [86] Australia Health professionals N = 1536 Mixed Quantitative
Rickles, 2010 [87] USA Pharmacists N = 292 Mixed Quantitative
Sandhu, 2019 [88] Canada Health professionals and health care students N = 538 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Schafer, 2011 [89] UK Nursing students N = 288 Mixed Quantitative
Schmidt, 2017 [90] Netherlands General practitioners N = 63 Mixed Quantitative
Serafini, 2011 [91] Italy Health professionals and health care students N = 202 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Shefer, 2014 [15] UK Emergency personnel N = 39 Mixed Qualitative
Stumbo, 2018 [92] USA General practitioners N = 597 Mixed Mixed methods
Treloar, 2009 [93] Australia Emergency personnel N = 140 Borderline personality disorder Qualitative
Van Nieuwenhui, 2013 [94] UK Emergency personnel N = 25 Mixed Qualitative
Volmer, 2008 [95] Estonia Pharmacy students N = 157 Schizophrenia Quantitative
Weare, 2019 [96] Australia Nurses N = 40 Mixed Quantitative
Winkler, 2016 [97] The Czech Republic Medical doctors N = 3010 Mixed Quantitative
Woollaston, 2008 [98] UK Nurses N = 6 Borderline personality disorder Qualitative
Yildirim, 2015 [99] Turkey Physiotherapy students N = 524 Mixed Quantitative
Zolnierek, 2012 [100] USA Nurses N = 1 Mixed Qualitative