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Table 3 Binary regression analysis of the relationship between chronic diseases and pain in self-reported pain samples

From: Relationship between chronic diseases and depression: the mediating effect of pain

Variable Pain severity Take steps to relieve pain
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Sex (Male)
 Female 1.499*** (1.314–1.710) 1.443*** (1.251–1.664)
Age (70101)
 45–59 1.346** (1.119–1.619) 0.958 (0.784–1.170)
 60–69 1.135 (0.947–1.361) 1.042 (0.854–1.272)
Education (High school and above)
 Uneducated 1.647*** (1.273–2.130) 0.782 (0.584–1.047)
 Primary school 1.298 (0.998–1.689) 0.745 (0.553–1.003)
 Middle school 1.130 (0.861–1.484) 0.948 (0.694–1.295)
Marital status (Married)
 Unmarried 0.920 (0.769–1.100) 1.002 (0.824–1.219)
Urbanity (Rural)
 Urban 0.847* (0.738–0.972) 0.921 (0.793–1.070)
Employment status (Yes)
 No 1.025 (0.897–1.172) 0.928 (0.803–1.196)
Insurance situation (Yes)
 No 1.067 (0.885–1.287) 0.978 (0.800–1.196)
Chronic disease (No chronic disease)
 One chronic disease 1.908*** (1.470–2.476) 1.246 (0.955–1.626)
 Two or more chronic diseases 3.697*** (2.919–4.681) 1.693*** (1.335–2.148)
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001, 95% CI = 95% confidence interval for the odds ratio