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Table 5 Factors associated with anxiety symptoms

From: Psychological distress among Ethiopian migrant returnees who were in quarantine in the context of COVID-19: institution-based cross-sectional study

Variable   CRR (95% CI) ARR (95% CI)
Gender Female 1.0 1.0
Male 0.58 [0.37, 0.89] 0.59 [0.39, 0.91]
Age (in years)   0.99 [0.96, 1.02]  
 Education Not literate 1.0  
Primary school 1.03 [0.62, 1.70]  
Secondary school 0.97 [0.60, 1.58]  
Post-secondary 0.82 [0.45, 1.50]  
 Marital status Never married 1.0  
Currently married 1.01 [0.78, 1.32]  
Previously married 0.95 [0.62, 1.47]  
 Status in the host country before return On job 1.0  
Detention center 0.97 [0.71, 1.31]  
Prison 0.95 [0.66, 1.38]  
Unemployed 0.95 [0.63, 1.44]  
 How did you go to the destination country? (way of migration) Through travel agency 1.0  
Through broker 1.20 [0.90, 1.59]  
 Underlying physical health problem Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.67 [0.41, 1.10] 0.77 [0.48, 1.24]
 Underlying mental health problem Yes 1.0  
No 0.96 [0.44, 2.12]  
 Fear of infection in quarantine center Yes, I was afraid 1.0 1.0
No, I was not afraid 0.81 [0.65, 1.02] 0.84 [0.66, 1.01]
 Staying in quarantine protected me not to transmit the virus to family and community Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.72 [0.50, 1.03] 0.74 [0.52, 1.07]
 Quarantine limited my activities and social interaction Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.82 [0.61, 1.10] 0.92 [0.69, 1.23]
 Overall, services in the quarantine center was satisfactory Yes 1.0  
No 1.14 [0.92, 1.43]  
 I know the reason why I am here in quarantine Yes, I know 1.0  
No, I don’t 1.05 [0.56, 1.96]  
 I got sufficient information about the quarantine from the concerned body Yes 1.0 1.0
No 1.31 [0.999, 1.71] 1.11 [0.84, 1.47]
 Fear of discrimination after the quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.79 [0.63, 0.90] 0.77 [0.62, 0.97]
 I can get support from family and relatives after the quarantine Yes, I have 1.0  
No, I have not 0.97 [0.77, 1.21]  
 I have a plan of what to do after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 1.10 [0.87, 1.38]  
 I have sufficient amount of money for my living and startup business after the quarantine Yes 1.0  
No 0.87 [0.64, 1.18]  
 I have adequate knowledge about the mode of transmission and prevention of COVID-19 Yes, I have 1.0 1.0
No, I have not 1.22 [0.90, 1.64] 1.04 [0.76, 1.43]
 I experienced headache, sore throat, breathing difficulty during my stay in quarantine Yes 1.0 1.0
No 0.35 [0.20, 0.59] 0.35 [0.20, 0.62]
 I had contact with a COVID-19 suspected or infected person or I was exposed to situations exposed before the quarantine Yes, I had 1.0  
No, I had not 0.68 [0.34, 1.35]