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Table 5 Associations between multiple SLEs and ED groups (overall and by subtype) versus controls (controlled for age, gender, and education)

From: Stressful life events among individuals with a history of eating disorders: a case-control comparison

Diagnosis No SLEs One or two SLEs Three or more SLEs One or two SLEs vs no SLEs Three or more SLEs vs one or two SLEs
n (%) n (%) n (%) OR (95% CI) p-values corrected* OR (95% CI) p-values corrected*
No ED (control) 140 (35%) 167 (42%) 88 (22%)
Any EDa 92 (19%) 192 (39%) 211 (43%) 1.82 (1.30–2.57) .004 2.08 (1.49–2.90) < .001
AN-R 22 (34%) 28 (43%) 15 (23%) 1.17 (0.64–2.17) 1.000 1.14 (0.56–2.27) 1.000
AN-BP 23 (20%) 39 (34%) 52 (46%) 1.52 (0.87–2.73) .446 2.58 (1.55–4.34) .002
BN/BED 27 (15%) 69 (38%) 84 (47%) 2.13 (1.30–3.57) .017 2.24 (1.48–3.42) .001
AN/BN/BED 18 (14%) 55 (41%) 60 (45%) 2.71 (1.54–4.99) .005 1.94 (1.22–3.10) .021
  1. Abbreviations: AN anorexia nervosa (AN-R = restricting subtype, AN-BP = binge-eating/purging subtype), BED binge-eating disorder, BN bulimia nervosa, CI confidence interval (95%), ED eating disorder, OR odds ratio, SLE stressful life event
  2. a“Any ED” refers to all individuals with a lifetime ED (any subtype)
  3. *p-values corrected for multiple comparisons using Bonferroni-Holm, boldface indicates statistical significance (p < 0.05)