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Table 2 Demographic data for patients with different seizure disorders

From: Epilepsy and other seizure disorders in acute psychiatric inpatients

  Acute symptomatic seizures (n = 21) Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (n = 9) Definite epilepsy (n = 15) No seizure disorder (n = 341) All (n = 380)
Demographics
 Age (Mean (SD)) 41 (14) 30 (11) 46 (18) 40 (16) 39 (15)
 Female sex (N (%)) 6 (28.6%) 8 (88.9%) 4 (26.7%) 167 (49.0%) 184 (48.4%)
Educational status N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Not completed secondary school 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Secondary school 13 (61.9%) 4 (44.4%) 4 (26.7%) 147 (43.1%) 166 (43.7%)
 High school 8 (38.1%) 4 (44.4%) 8 (53.3%) 145 (42.5%) 161 (42.4%)
 Bachelor 0% 1 (11.1%) 3 (20.0%) 40 (11.7%) 44 (11.6%)
 Master 0% 0% 0% 7 (2.1%) 7 (1.8%)
 Ph. D. 0% 0% 0% 2 (0.6%) 2 (0.5%)
Main diagnosis on admission N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 F00-09 Organic psychiatric disorder 0% 0% 2 (13.3%) 16 (4.7%) 18 (4.7%)
 F10-19 Disorders related to psychoactive substance use 11 (52.4%) 2 (22.2%) 4 (26.7%) 67 (19.6%) 80 (21.1%)
 F20-29 Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders 1 (4.8%) 1 (11.1%) 0% 49 (14.4%) 51 (13.4%)
 F30-31 Bipolar mood disorder 2 (9.5%) 0% 3 (20.0%) 51 (15.0%) 56 (14.7%)
 F32-39 Other mood disorder 2 (9.5%) 1 (11.1%) 2 (13.3%) 72 (21.1%) 77 (20.3%)
 F40-99 Other psychiatric disorders 4 (19.0%) 5 (55.6%) 2 (13.3%) 74 (21.7%) 84 (22.1%)
 Not psychiatric main diagnosis 1 (4.8%) 0% 2 (13.3%) 12 (3.5%) 14 (3.7%)
Substance usea N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Benzodiazepines 15 (71.4%) 5 (55.6%) 11 (73.3%) 148 (43.3%) 172 (45.3%)
 Stimulants 8 (38.1%) 2 (22.2%) 2 (13.3%) 73 (21.4%) 82 (21.6%)
 Cannabis 6 (28.6%) 0% 3 (20.0%) 77 (22.6%) 85 (22.4%)
 Alcohol 13 (61.9%) 2 (22.2%) 3 (20.0%) 125 (36.7%) 140 (36.8%)
 Opioids 4 (19.0%) 3 (33.3%) 2 (13.3%) 56 (16.4%) 63 (16.6%)
Medicationsb N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Anti-seizure medications 5 (23.8%) 2 (22.2%) 8 (53.3%) 35 (10.3%) 48 (12.6%)
 Antipsychotics 7 (33.3%) 2 (22.2%) 7 (46.7%) 105 (30.8%) 118 (31.1%)
 Antihistamines 3 (14.3%) 4 (44.4%) 2 (13.3%) 45 (13.2%) 54 (14.2%)
 Antidepressants 7 (33.3%) 5 (55.6%) 5 (33.3%) 89 (26.1%) 103 (27.1%)
 Lithium 0% 0% 1 (6.7%) 11 (3.2%) 12 (3.2%)
 Stimulants 1 (4.8%) 1 (11.1%) 0% 6 (1.8%) 8 (2.1%)
 Benzodiazepines 8 (38.1%) 5 (55.6%) 6 (40.0%) 75 (22.0%) 89 (23.4%)
 Z-hypnotics 5 (23.8%) 2 (22.2%) 5 (33.3%) 58 (17.0%) 68 (17.9%)
 Opioids 2 (9.5%) 1 (11.1%) 0% 16 (4.7%) 19 (5.0%)
  1. aSubstances included in each category can be found in Additional file 1. Missing data in 11 patients (2.9%)
  2. bInformation on medications were extracted from medical records from the day of admission. The drugs included in each category can be found in Additional file 1. Missing data in 11 patients (2.9%)