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Table 1 Sample demographics (n = 1029)

From: The association between COVID-19-related fear and reported self-harm in a national survey of people with a lifetime history of self-harm

Variable n % Mean SD Range General population dataa χ 2 for difference between sample and population
Sex
 Women 671 65.2     54.5 3.14 (p = .08)
 Men 340 33.0     45.5 3.14 (p = .08)
 Other/prefer not to say 18 1.8      
Ageb    45.55 14.23 18–87   
 18–24 57 5.5     10.3 1.09 (p = .30)
 25–34 228 22.2     16.1 1.17 (p = .28)
 35–44 227 22.1     17.8 0.50 (p = .48)
 45–54 196 19.0     21.1 0.13 (p = .72)
 55–64 217 21.1     19.1 0.13 (p = .72)
 65–74 93 9.0     9.6 0.00 (p = 1.00)
 75> 11 1.1     5.9 3.70 (p = .10)
Ethnicity
 White 931 90.5     87.1 0.82 (p = .37)
 Black, Asian and minority ethnic 36 3.5     12.9 5.21 (p < .05)
 Prefer not to say 62 6.0      
Social grade
 Non-manual worker 645 62.7    
 Manual / unemployed 384 37.3    
Suicidal ideation (Ever) 773 75.1     20.6 58.41 (p < .001)
 Past week 80 10.3    
 Past year 247 32.0     5.4 24.18 (p < .001)
 Longer ago 438 56.7    
 Would rather not say / Did not answer 8 1.0    
Suicidal attempt (Ever) 414 40.2     6.7 30.29 (p < .001)
 Past week 4 1.0    
 Past year 39 9.4     0.7 6.74 (p < .05)
 Longer ago 366 88.4    
 Would rather not say / Did not answer 5 1.2    
Non-suicidal self-harm (Ever) 765 74.3     7.3 93.14 (p < .001)
 Past week 55 7.2    
 Past year 150 19.6    
 Longer ago 551 72.1    
 Would rather not say / Did not answer 8 1.0    
Exposure to suicide and death
 Exposure to death (immediate family) 529 51.4    
 Exposure to death (close friend or relative) 779 75.7    
 Exposure to death by suicide (family or close friend) 304 29.5    
 Suicidal attempt (in the family) 369 35.9    
 Suicidal attempt (by close friends) 376 36.5    
 NSSH (in the family) 344 33.4    
 NSSH (by close friends) 437 42.5    
Lifetime history of COVID-19 (self-reported)
 Definitely not had COVID-19 and had it confirmed with a test 59 5.7    
 Definitely think I didn’t have COVID-19 but not confirmed with a test 649 63.1    
 Might have had COVID-19 227 22.1    
 Definitely think I had COVID-19 but not confirmed with a test 86 8.4    
 Definitely had COVID-19 and had it confirmed with a test 8 0.8    
Fear of COVID-19 scale    17.20 6.38 7–35
 Fear of COVID-19 (emotional reaction sub-scale)    11.51 4.18 4–20
 Fear of COVID-19 (symptomatic reaction sub-scale)    5.69 2.70 3–15
  1. aData retrieved from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) 2014 (Prevalence and recency of lifetime suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts and self-harm). Prevalence rates according to people who report lifetime history of self-harm (ever) on any measure (NSSH, suicidal thoughts, or suicidal attempts). Prevalence rates for self-harm outcomes relates to general population prevalence rates
  2. bCategories according to the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) 2014