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Table 2 Comparison of characteristics of ever- vs. never-treated rural-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia in China (2001–2005)

From: Determinants of never-treated status in rural versus urban contexts for individuals with schizophrenia in a population-based study in China

Characteristic Ever-treated (N = 177) Never-treated (N = 63) t (df) p+
n mean (sd) n mean (sd)
Age 177 42.0 (12.6) 63 46.0 (13.8) t(238) = 2.12 0.035
Years of schooling 177 5.9 (3.7) 63 3.9 (3.9) t(238) = 3.69 < 0.001
Age of onset 164 29.2 (10.3) 53 32.2 (11.4) t(215) = 1.80 0.073
Duration of illness (years) 164 12.4 (10.3) 53 12.7 (11.2) t(215) = 0.19 0.853
Current Global Assessment of Function (GAF) score 176 43.5 (14.6) 53 42.6 (13.4) t(237) = 0.45 0.655
Characteristic Ever-treated Never-treated Z p+
n median (IQR) n median (IQR)
Number co-resident family members1 164 3.0 (2.0–3.0) 58 2.0 (2.0–3.0) Z = 2.63 0.009
Annual per capita family income ($US)*1 176 209 (106–344) 62 182 (121–283) Z = 1.46 0.147
Characteristic Ever-treated Never-treated X2 (df) p+
n/N % n/N %
Sex      X2 (1)=0.82 0.367
  male 96/177 54.2% 30/63 47.6%   
  female 81/177 45.8% 33/63 52.4%   
Marital Status      X2 (1)=0.0009 0.976
  never married 65/177 36.7% 23/63 36.5%   
  ever married 112/177 63.3% 40/63 63.5%   
Occupation      Fisher’s exact 0.784
  employed 153/165 92.7% 57/62 91.9%   
  Unemployed 12/165 7.3% 5/62 8.1%   
Religion      X2 (1)=0.20 0.655
  non-religious 145/177 81.9% 50/63 81.9%   
  religious** 32/177 18.1% 13/63 18.1%   
Has health insurance      X2 (1)=0.18 0.675
  yes 51/170 30.0% 16/59 27.1%   
  no (self-pay) 119/170 70.0% 43/59 72.9%   
  1. +statistically significant p-values are bolded
  2. 1 indicatesomparison of medians using Mann Whitney Test
  3. *based on 1 July 2003 exchange rate of 8.236 RMB = 1$US
  4. **includes Catholic, Protestant, Buddhist and Taoist