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Table 3 Standardized direct, indirect effects and total effects for all hypothesized pathways

From: The relationship between childhood maltreatment and mental health problems: coping strategies and social support act as mediators

Mediating variable (M) Effect of childhood abuse on M (a) Effect of M on outcomes (b) Indirect effect(a*b) Direct effect (c’) Total effect
Outcome: Major depressive episode
 Social support −0.138** −0.129** 0.018** 0.227** 0.278**
 Positive coping skills −0.104** −0.317** 0.033**
Outcome: Generalized anxiety disorder
 Social support −0.138** − 0.140** 0.019** 0.206** 0.257**
 Positive coping skills −0.104** −0.309** 0.032**
Outcome: Suicide ideation
 Social support −0.138** −0.171** 0.024** 0.249** 0.296**
 Positive coping skills −0.104** −0.218** 0.023**
  1. **p < 0.01(2-tailed)