Skip to main content

Table 2 Sample characteristics across twenty-eight studies included in this review

From: A systematic review comparing caregiver burden and psychological functioning in caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and bipolar disorders

Study ID and Authors n (%) of Caregivers (SSD, BD & Other Groups) Age M(SD) n (%) female
SSD n(%) BD n(%) Other n(%)
1. Blanthorn-Hazell et al. [52] 138(46.0%) 159(54.0%) N/A Total N: 44.8(13.1) Total N = 214(72.0%)
2. Chadda et al. [53] 100(50.0%) 100(50.0%) N/A 75.0% between 25 and 50 years of age SSD = 51(51.0%)
BD = 42(42.0%)
3. Chakrabarti and Gill [54] 20(34.5%) 38(65.5%) N/A SSD = 48.7(10.7)
BD = 39.2(9.3)
SSD = 12(60.0%)
BD = 17(45.0%)
Total N = 29(50.0%)
4. Chakrabarti et al. [55] 20(50.0%) 20(50.0%) N/A SSD = 44.7(13.1)
BD = 41.7(12.9)
Total N = 43.2(13.1)
SSD = 8(40.0%)
BD = 9(45.0%)
Total N = 17(42.5%)
5. Chang et al. [56] 215(46.8%) 85(18.5%) MDD: 159 (34.6%) SSD = 55.0(13.5)
BD = 51.4(12.6)
MDD = 52.1(13.8)
SSD = 118(55.0%)
BD = 43(51.0%)
MDD = 74(47.0%)
Total N = 235(51.2%)
6. Chien et al. [57] 168(64.1%) 12(4.6%) Dep: 48 (18.3%) Total N = 42.6(10.8) Total N = 158(60.3%)
7. Fekih-Romdhane et al. [58] 20(38.5%) 25(48.1%) SCZAF: 7 (13.5%) Total N = 48.4(13.1) Total N = 41(78.8%)
8. Grover et al. [59] 70(50.0%) 70(50.0%) N/A SSD = 49.9(11.8)
BD = 42.6(13.8)
SSD = 21(33.3%)
BD = 40(57.2%)
Total N = 61(43.6%)
9. Grover et al. [60] 65(53.3%) 57(46.7%) N/A Total N = 47.1(13.7) Total N = 47(38.5%)
10. Grover et al. [61] 50(50.0%) 50(50.0%) N/A SSD = 50.3(14.9)
BD = 45.0(13.2)
SSD = 15(30.0%)
BD = 26(52.0%)
Total N = 41(41.0%)
11. Grover et al. [62] 707(50.4%) 344(24.5%) Dep: 352 (25.1%) Total N = 44.6(12.5) Total N = 620(44.2%)
12. Ak et al. [63] 40(50.0%) 40(50.0%) N/A Not reported SSD = 30(75.0%)
BD = 25(62.5%)
Total N = 55(68.8%)
13. Nehra et al. [64] 50(50.0%) 50(50.0%) N/A SSD = 43.50(9.8)
BD = 40.1(11.4)
SSD = 23(46.0%)
BD = 23(46.0%)
Total N = 44(44.0%)
14. Ramírez et al. [65] Not specified Not specified N/A Not reported Not reported
15. Rodrigo et al. [66] 65(81.3%) 15(18.7%) N/A Total N = 57.7(13.3) Total N = 44(55.0%)
16. Roychaudhuri et al. [67] 30(55.5%) 24(44.4%) N/A Reported as n(%):
<  35 years = 24 (44.4%)
>  35 years = 30 (55.6%)
Total N = 20(37.0%)
17. Sharma et al. [68] 50(50.0%) 50(50.0%) N/A Total N = 43(12.0) SSD = 23(46.0%)
BD = 18(36.0%)
Total N = 41(41.0%)
18. Singh and Prajapati [69] 40(50.0%) 40(50.0%) N/A SSD Carer females = 58.3(9.5)
BD Carer females = 0.0(16.7)
SSD = 30(75.0%)
BD = 20(50.0%)
Total N = 50(62.5%)
19. Vasudeva et al. [70] 52(50.5%) 51(49.5%) N/A SSD = 48.3(11.7)
BD = 47.4(12.0)
SSD = 20(38.5%)
BD = 23(45.1%)
Total N = 43(41.8%)
20. Webb et al. [71] 59(70.2%) 25(29.8%) N/A Total N = 56.0(13.6) Total N = 66(78.0%)
21. Zendjidjian et al. [72] 246(51.5%) 115(24%) Dep: 117(24.5%) BD & MDD Total = 52.2(15.5) Total N = 135(58.2%)
22. Zhou et al. [73] 243(54.9%) 200(45.2%) N/A SSD = 47.7(13.7)
BD = 44.4(13.6)
SSD = 107(44.0%)
BD = 102(51.0%)
Total N = 209(47.2%)
23. Abdeta and Desalegn [74] 80(37.2%) 60(27.9%) Dep: 50(23.3%)
Anx: 25(11.6%)
Total N = 35(1.62) Total N = 120(55.8%)
24. Cohen et al. [75] 63(50.4%) 62(49.6%) N/A SSD = 51.28(12.65)
BD = 40.55(15.17)
SSD = 52(84.1%)
BD = 43(69.4%)
25. Ukpong and Ibigbami [76] 100(50%) 100(50%) N/A SSD = 56.13(12.99)
BD = 43.03(13.06)
SSD = 63(63%)
BD = 52(52%)
26. Udoh et al. [77] 84(20.2%) 46(11.1%) Dep: 104(25.1%)
SUD: 92(22.2%)
Others: 89(21.4%)
15–29 years = 181 (43.6%)
30–44 years = 154 (37.1%)
45–59 years = 63(15.2%)
Above 60 years = 17(4.1%)
Total female = 236(56.9%)
27. Asl et al. [78] 150(33.33%) 150(33.33%) ASD: 150(33.33%) SSD = 42.22(1.28)
BD = 48.41(1.37)
SSD = 81(54%)
BD = 87(58%)
28. Khatoon et al. [79] 30(50.0%) 30(50.0%) N/A 20–30 years = 16(26.6%)
30–40 years = 34(56.6%)
40–50 years = 10(16.6%)
Not reported
  1. SSD Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, BD Bipolar Disorder, SCZAF Schizoaffective Disorder, Dep Depression, Anx Anxiety, SUD Substance Use Disorders, ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder, M Mean, SD Standard Deviation, N/n Number of participants