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Table 2 Frequencies of specific measures in secluded and nonsecluded suicidal patients

From: Seclusion as a coercive measure in suicidality – daily routine or exception?

Intervention   Secluded patients (n = 53)
n (%)
Nonsecluded patients (n = 106)
n (%)
p value
One conversation Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
38 (71.7%)
6 (11.3%)
9 (17.0%)
104 (98.1%)
1 (0.9%)
1 (0.9%)
 < .001
Multiple
conversations
Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
2 (3.8%)
2 (3.8%)
49 (92.5%)
32 (30.2%)
1 (0.9%)
73 (68.9%)
 < .001
In visual range of nursing staff Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
1 (1.9%)
1 (1.9%)
51 (96.2%)
4 (3.8%)
0 (0.0%)
102 (96.2%)
.557
Active surveillanceb Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
53 (100%)
46 (43.4%)
0 (0.0%)
60 (56.6%)
 < .001
Passive surveillancec Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
1 (1.9%)
0 (0.0%)
52 (98.1%)
5 (4.7%)
1 (0.9%)
100 (94.3%)
.776
Medication (without coercion) Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
13 (24.5%)
8 (15.1%)
32 (60.4%)
66 (62.3%)
5 (4.7%)
35 (33.0%)
 < .001
One-to-one intensive carea Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
2 (3.8%)
0 (0.0%)
51 (96.2%)
3 (2.9%)
0 (0.0%)
102 (97.1%)
.999
Open seclusion room/voluntarily seclusion Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
53 (100.0%)
9 (8.5%)
0 (0.0%)
97 (91.5%)
.030
Smoking a cigarette Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
2 (3.8%)
0 (0.0%)
51 (96.2%)
2 (1.9%)
0 (0.0%)
104 (98.1%)
.601
Contact family/relatives/reference person Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
53 (100.0%)
11 (10.4%)
0 (0.0%)
95 (89.6%)
.016
Eat/drink something Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
53 (100.0%)
7 (6.6%)
1 (0.9%)
98 (92.5%)
.096
Other interventiond Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
53 (100.0%)
9 (8.5%)
0 (0.0%)
97 (91.5%)
.030
At least one of the aforementioned interventions Applied
Offered, but refused
Not offered
40 (75.5%)
6 (11.3%)
7 (13.2%)
106 (100.0%)
0 (0.0%)
0 (0.0%)
 < .001
  1. Notes: Group comparisons were performed using Pearson’s chi2 tests, Fisher's exact tests, Mann–Whitney U tests or t tests
  2. aInformation was missing value for one nonsecluded patient
  3. bNurses proactively observe the patient
  4. cPatients are instructed to report to the nursing staff immediately in the case of crisis
  5. dDeveloping skills, going to sleep, receiving an infusion, signing a nonsuicide contract, etc.