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  1. “Neuroleptic malignant syndrome” (NMS) is a potentially fatal idiosyncratic reaction to any medication which affects the central dopaminergic system. Between 0.5% and 1% of patients exposed to antipsychotics d...

    Authors: Julie Langan, Daniel Martin, Polash Shajahan and Daniel J Smith
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:214
  2. Synchronous neural oscillatory activity in the gamma range (30–80 Hz) has been shown to be abnormal in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their first-degree relatives in response to simple au...

    Authors: Kristina L McFadden, Susan Hepburn, Erin Winterrowd, Gwenda L Schmidt and Donald C Rojas
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:213
  3. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two to three times more likely to experience sleep problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the relative contributions of circadian ...

    Authors: Reut Gruber, Laura Fontil, Lana Bergmame, Sabrina T Wiebe, Rhonda Amsel, Sonia Frenette and Julie Carrier
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:212
  4. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a life-threatening traumatic experience. Meta-analyses of the brainstem showed that midsagittal area of the pons was...

    Authors: Dongjuan Liu, Bing Xiao, Fang Han, Enhua Wang and Yuxiu Shi
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:211
  5. Polydipsia frequently occurs in schizophrenia patients. The excessive water loading in polydipsia occasionally induces a hyponatremic state and leads to water intoxication. Whether polydipsia in schizophrenic ...

    Authors: Tomohisa Nagashima, Makoto Inoue, Soichiro Kitamura, Kuniaki Kiuchi, Jun Kosaka, Koji Okada, Naoko Kishimoto, Toshiaki Taoka, Kimihiko Kichikawa and Toshifumi Kishimoto
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:210
  6. Treatment disengagement and non-completion poses a major problem for the successful treatment of patients with severe mental illness. Motivation for treatment has long been proposed as a major determinant of t...

    Authors: Eline C Jochems, Cornelis L Mulder, Arno van Dam, Hugo J Duivenvoorden, Sylvia CM Scheffer, Willem van der Spek and Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:209
  7. The everyday practical capabilities of dementia patients have a direct influence on a patient’s independence and thus on the person’s quality of life and on the amount of care needed. These capabilities are th...

    Authors: Katharina Luttenberger, Anke Schmiedeberg and Elmar Gräßel
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:208
  8. With an ageing population in most Western countries, people are living longer but often with one or more chronic physical health problems. Older people in physically poor health are at greater risk of developi...

    Authors: Louise Sharpe, Catherine B Gittins, Helen M Correia, Tanya Meade, Michael K Nicholas, Patrick J Raue, Sarah McDonald and Patricia A Areán
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:207
  9. Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in primary care and cause a substantial burden of disease. Screening on risk status, followed by preventive interventions in those at risk may prevent the onset of anxiet...

    Authors: Neeltje M Batelaan, Jan H Smit, Pim Cuijpers, Harm WJ van Marwijk, Berend Terluin and Anton JLM van Balkom
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:206
  10. Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from stigmatizing effects. Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medica...

    Authors: Ataru Omori, Amane Tateno, Takashi Ideno, Hidehiko Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kawashima, Kazuhisa Takemura and Yoshiro Okubo
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:205
  11. There is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of structured psychological therapies for bipolar disorder. To date however there have been no psychological interventions specifically designed for individua...

    Authors: Steven Jones, Lee D Mulligan, Heather Law, Graham Dunn, Mary Welford, Gina Smith and Anthony P Morrison
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:204
  12. The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Mood & Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire −30 (MASQ-D30), Short Form Health Survey 36 (SF-36), and Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Short Form (DAPP-SF) are generic...

    Authors: Yvonne WM Schulte-van Maaren, Ingrid VE Carlier, Frans G Zitman, Albert M van Hemert, Margot WM de Waal, Martijn S van Noorden and Erik J Giltay
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:203
  13. Depression is a highly prevalent and disabling mental disorder with an incidence rate which appears to be increasing in the developed world. This fact seems to be at least partially related to lifestyle factor...

    Authors: Mauro Garcia-Toro, Miquel Roca, Saray Monzón, Margalida Vives, Bárbara Oliván, Enric Vicens, Joan Salva and Margalida Gili
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:201
  14. Our objective was to determine antioxidant defence activity in healthy controls (HC) and healthy unaffected second-degree relatives of patients with early onset psychosis (HC-FHP), and to assess its relationsh...

    Authors: Ana Gonzalez-Pinto, Monica Martinez-Cengotitabengoa, Celso Arango, Immaculada Baeza, Soraya Otero-Cuesta, Montserrat Graell-Berna, César Soutullo, Juan Carlos Leza and Juan Antonio Micó
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:200
  15. Antipsychotic drugs are considered a trigger factor for autonomic dysregulation, which has been shown to predict potentially fatal arrhythmias in schizophrenia. However, the dose-dependent effect of antipsycho...

    Authors: Yohko Iwamoto, Chiaki Kawanishi, Ikuko Kishida, Taku Furuno, Mami Fujibayashi, Chie Ishii, Norio Ishii, Toshio Moritani, Masataka Taguri and Yoshio Hirayasu
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:199
  16. Depression is predicted to become one of the two most burdensome diseases worldwide by 2020 and is common in people with chronic physical conditions. However, depression is relatively uncommon in Asia. Family ...

    Authors: Hairong Nan, Paul H Lee, Ian McDowell, Michael Y Ni, Sunita M Stewart and Tai Hing Lam
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:198
  17. The situation for older persons with mental disorders other than dementia disorders has scarcely been studied. The older population is increasing worldwide and along with this increase the prevalence of mental...

    Authors: Gunilla Martinsson, Ingegerd Fagerberg, Lena Wiklund-Gustin and Christina Lindholm
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:197
  18. The increasing burden on mental health services has led to the growing use of peer support in psychological interventions. Four theoretical mechanisms have been proposed to underpin effective peer support: adv...

    Authors: Judith G Proudfoot, Amisha Jayawant, Alexis E Whitton, Gordon Parker, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Meg Smith and Jennifer Nicholas
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:196
  19. Symptoms such as medically unexplained vaginal discharge (MUVD) are common and bothersome, leading to potentially unnecessary use of resources.

    Authors: Loulou Kobeissi, Ziyad Mahfoud, Brigitte Khoury, Fayssal El Kak, Zeina Ghantous, Marwan Khawaja, Rima Nakkash, Sami Ramia, Huda Zurayk, Ricardo Araya and Tim J Peters
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:195
  20. Methylphenidate (MPH), a psycho-stimulant, is the most widely administered drug for the pharmacological management of patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study attempts to deter...

    Authors: Yu-Shu Huang, Liang-Jen Wang and Chih-Ken Chen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:194
  21. Schizophrenia is a significantly disabling disease that affects all major areas of life. There is a lack of comprehensive synthesis of research findings on the full extent of psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) e...

    Authors: Piotr Świtaj, Marta Anczewska, Anna Chrostek, Carla Sabariego, Alarcos Cieza, Jerome Bickenbach and Somnath Chatterji
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:193
  22. Treatment guidelines for major depressive disorder (MDD) are based on results from randomized clinical trials, among others in psychotherapy efficacy trials. However, patients in these trials differ from routi...

    Authors: Rosalind van der Lem, Wouter WH de Wever, Nic JA van der Wee, Tineke van Veen, Pim Cuijpers and Frans G Zitman
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:192
  23. Suicide is the leading cause of death among Japanese adolescents, and they may commit suicide differently from adults. However, there are few studies in medical-based data concerning adolescent patients seriou...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Kawashima, Takao Ito, Ryuichiro Narishige, Takuya Saito and Yoshiro Okubo
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:191
  24. Symptoms of hyperactivity are believed to fade with age leaving ADHD adults mostly inattentive and impulsive. Our aim was to test this assertion using objective measures of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inatt...

    Authors: Martin H Teicher, Ann Polcari, Nikolaos Fourligas, Gordana Vitaliano and Carryl P Navalta
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:190
  25. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders with a high prevalence among the older adults. In recent years, after realizing some side effects of the antidepressants, non-pharmacological psychological...

    Authors: Ting-ji Chen, Hui-jie Li and Juan Li
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:189
  26. Parental history of mood or anxiety disorders is one of the strongest and most consistent risk factors for the development of these disorders in offspring. Gaps remain however in our knowledge of whether mater...

    Authors: Nancy CP Low, Erika Dugas, Evelyn Constantin, Igor Karp, Daniel Rodriguez and Jennifer O’Loughlin
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:188
  27. Given the high prevalence of depression in primary health care (PHC), the use of screening instruments has been recommended. Both brief and long depression screening instruments have been validated in low and ...

    Authors: Dickens Akena, John Joska, Ekwaro A Obuku, Taryn Amos, Seggane Musisi and Dan J Stein
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:187
  28. Suicidal patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital are considered to be at risk of suicidal behavior (SB) and suicide. The present study aimed to seek predictors of SB recurrence of the high-risk patients by...

    Authors: Naoki Hayashi, Miyabi Igarashi, Atsushi Imai, Yuka Yoshizawa, Kaori Utsumi, Yoichi Ishikawa, Taro Tokunaga, Kayo Ishimoto, Hirohiko Harima, Yoshitaka Tatebayashi, Naoki Kumagai, Makoto Nozu, Hidetoki Ishii and Yuji Okazaki
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:186
  29. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and response prevention (ERP) is the first-line treatment for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, not all of them achieve remission on a...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hertenstein, Nina Rose, Ulrich Voderholzer, Thomas Heidenreich, Christoph Nissen, Nicola Thiel, Nirmal Herbst and Anne Katrin Külz
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:185
  30. This report presents the initial results of the first Epidemiological Catchment Area Study in mental health in Canada. Five neighbourhoods in the South-West sector of Montreal, with a population of 258,000, we...

    Authors: Jean Caron, Marie-Josée Fleury, Michel Perreault, Anne Crocker, Jacques Tremblay, Michel Tousignant, Yan Kestens, Margaret Cargo and Mark Daniel
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:183
  31. A few recent studies have found indications of the effectiveness of inpatient psychotherapy for depression, usually of an extended duration. However, there is a lack of controlled studies in this area and to d...

    Authors: Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Martin Preisig and Yves de Roten
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:182
  32. Subthreshold depressive disorders (minor and subthrehold depression) have been defined in a wide range of forms, varying on the number of symptoms and duration required. Disability associated with these condit...

    Authors: Mar Rivas Rodríguez, Roberto Nuevo, Somnath Chatterji and José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:181
  33. Assessment of comorbid personality disorders (PDs) in patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) is challenging due to symptom overlap, additional mental and physical disorders, and limitations of the assess...

    Authors: Anne-Marit Langås, Ulrik Fredrik Malt and Stein Opjordsmoen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:180
  34. In clinical practice, sleep disturbance is often regarded as an epiphenomenon of the primary mental disorder. The aim of this study was to test if sleep disturbance, independently of primary mental disorders, ...

    Authors: Håvard Kallestad, Bjarne Hansen, Knut Langsrud, Torleif Ruud, Gunnar Morken, Tore C Stiles and Rolf W Gråwe
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:179
  35. The negative impact of sustaining an injury on a military deployment on subsequent mental health is well-documented, however, the relationship between having an illness on a military operation and subsequent m...

    Authors: Harriet J Forbes, Norman Jones, Charlotte Woodhead, Neil Greenberg, Kate Harrison, Sandra White, Simon Wessely and Nicola T Fear
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:178
  36. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and benzodiazepine anxiolytics are used in the US to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). While benzodiazepines typic...

    Authors: Ariel Berger, John Edelsberg, Michael Treglia, Jose Ma J Alvir and Gerry Oster
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:177
  37. We have previously studied prospective associations between computer use and mental health symptoms in a selected young adult population. The purpose of this study was to investigate if high computer use is a ...

    Authors: Sara Thomée, Annika Härenstam and Mats Hagberg
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:176
  38. Limited data exists on the association of war trauma with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-depression in the general population of low-income countries. The present study aimed to evaluate socioec...

    Authors: Touraj Ayazi, Lars Lien, Arne H Eide, Majok Malek Ruom and Edvard Hauff
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:175
  39. Individuals with ADHD have been associated with more employment difficulties in early adulthood than healthy community controls. To examine whether this association is attributable specifically to disturbance ...

    Authors: Marianne Mordre, Berit Groholt, Berit Sandstad and Anne Margrethe Myhre
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:174
  40. Semi-structured interview scales for psychosis are the gold standard approach to assessing psychotic and other symptoms. However, such assessments have limitations such as recall bias, averaging, insensitivity...

    Authors: Jasper E Palmier-Claus, John Ainsworth, Matthew Machin, Cristine Barrowclough, Graham Dunn, Emma Barkus, Anne Rogers, Til Wykes, Shitij Kapur, Iain Buchan, Emma Salter and Shôn W Lewis
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:172
  41. The police are considered frontline professionals in managing individuals experiencing mental health crises. This study examines the extent to which these individuals are disconnected from mental health servic...

    Authors: Rob HS van den Brink, Jan Broer, Alfons J Tholen, Wim H Winthorst, Ellen Visser and Durk Wiersma
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:171
  42. The mental health needs of young children in humanitarian contexts often remain unaddressed. The lack of a validated, rapid and simple tool for screening combined with few mental health professionals able to a...

    Authors: Caroline Marquer, Caroline Barry, Yoram Mouchenik, Sarah Hustache, Douma M Djibo, Mahamane L Manzo, Bruno Falissard, Anne Révah-Lévy, Rebecca F Grais and Marie-Rose Moro
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:170
  43. The word hikikomori, the abnormal avoidance of social contact, has become increasingly well-known. However, a definition of this phenomenon has not been discussed thoroughly. The aim of this study is to gain a...

    Authors: Masaru Tateno, Tae Woo Park, Takahiro A Kato, Wakako Umene-Nakano and Toshikazu Saito
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:169
  44. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a commonly diagnosed neuropsychiatric disorder in childhood, but the frequency of the condition is not well established in many countries. The aim of the pres...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Salvador Peiró, Manuel Ridao, Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno, Ricard Gènova-Maleras and Miguel A Catalá
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:168
  45. Older adults free of dementia but with subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are considered at increased risk of cognitive decline. Vascular risk factors (VRF), including hypert...

    Authors: Elizabeth V Cyarto, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Patricia M Desmond, David Ames, Cassandra Szoeke, Olivier Salvado, Matthew J Sharman, Kathryn A Ellis, Pramit M Phal, Colin L Masters, Christopher C Rowe, Ralph N Martins and Kay L Cox
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:167
  46. The two most common interventions for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are pharmacological treatment with SSRIs such as paroxetine and psychological treatment such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Th...

    Authors: A Rosaura Polak, Anke B Witteveen, Rogier S Visser, Brent C Opmeer, Nienke Vulink, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys and Miranda Olff
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:166
  47. Vocational integration of people with mental illness is poor despite their willingness to work. The ‘Individual Placement and Support’ (IPS) model which emphasises rapid and direct job placement and continuing...

    Authors: Carlos Nordt, Elisabeth Brantschen, Wolfram Kawohl, Bettina Bärtsch, Helene Haker, Nicolas Rüsch and Wulf Rössler
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:165

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