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  1. Suicide and non-fatal self-harm represent key patient safety events in mental healthcare services. However, additional important learning can also be derived by highlighting examples of optimal practice that h...

    Authors: Donna L. Littlewood, Leah Quinlivan, Jane Graney, Louis Appleby, Pauline Turnbull, Roger T. Webb and Navneet Kapur

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:346

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Although the cross-sectional association between mental disorders and suicide ideation is well studied, less is known about the prospective association. In this paper, we estimated among those without 12-month...

    Authors: Derek de Beurs, Margreet ten Have, Pim Cuijpers and Ron de Graaf

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:345

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most rapid and effective treatment for patients with depression, ECT can achieve remarkable antidepressant effects in the initial 3–4 sessions, but significant side effec...

    Authors: Han Rong, Shu-xian Xu, Jing Zeng, Ying-jia Yang, Jie Zhao, Wen-tao Lai, Li-chang Chen, Wen-feng Deng, Xiangyang Zhang, Ying-li Zhang, Min-zhi Li, Li Xiao and Xin-hui Xie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:344

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Crisis hotlines play a key role in suicide prevention worldwide following different approaches regarding risk assessment and management of suicidality. This is to our knowledge the first study investigating de...

    Authors: Ines Heinz, Roland Mergl, Ulrich Hegerl, Christine Rummel-Kluge and Elisabeth Kohls

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:342

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although there is growing evidence that stepped models of care are useful for providing appropriate, person centered care, there are very few studies applied to personality disorders. A brief, four session, ps...

    Authors: Elizabeth Huxley, Kate L. Lewis, Adam D. Coates, Wayne M. Borg, Caitlin E. Miller, Michelle L. Townsend and Brin F. S. Grenyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:341

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Little is known about depression in middle-aged and older Canadians and how it is affected by health determinants, particularly immigrant status. This study examined depression and socio-economic, health, immi...

    Authors: Karen M. Davison, Yu Lung, Shen (Lamson) Lin, Hongmei Tong, Karen M. Kobayashi and Esme Fuller-Thomson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:329

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Few studies have addressed mental illness-related discrimination in low-income countries, where the mental health treatment gap is highest. We aimed to evaluate the experience of discrimination among persons w...

    Authors: Sarah Forthal, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Graham Thornicroft and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:340

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours contribute to alarming cardiometabolic risk in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools supporting patients and staff in improving pat...

    Authors: Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert A. Schoevers and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:339

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Empathic concern (EC) is an important interpersonal resilience factor that represents positive adaptation, such as “relating to others” (a factor of posttraumatic growth [PTG]) after disaster. However, controv...

    Authors: Seishu Nakagawa, Motoaki Sugiura, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Yuka Kotozaki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Atsushi Sakuma and Ryuta Kawashima

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Brief screening instruments focusing on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can be administered in primary care are scarce; there is a need for shorter and more precise instruments. The Autism–Tics, AD/HD and ...

    Authors: Caroline Mårland, Gitta Lubke, Alessio Degl’Innocenti, Maria Råstam, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson and Sebastian Lundström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Cannabis is commonly used for its medical properties. In particular, cannabis is purported to have beneficial effects on a wide range of neuropsychiatric conditions. Studies assessing mental health in cannabis...

    Authors: Jade C. Yau, Shu Min Yu, William J. Panenka, Hadley Pearce, Kristina M. Gicas, Ric M. Procyshyn, Caroline MacCallum, William G. Honer and Alasdair M. Barr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:335

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Interoceptive deficits have been found to be associated with suicidal ideation and behavior. However, an objective measure of interoceptive accuracy has not been investigated in participants with suicide ideat...

    Authors: Thomas Forkmann, Eftychia Volz-Sidiropoulou, Trientje Helbing, Barbara Drüke, Verena Mainz, Dajana Rath, Siegfried Gauggel and Tobias Teismann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:334

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Published research on depression among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from Africa is increasing, but data from Kenya remains scarce. This cross-sectional study measured the prevalence and correlates of de...

    Authors: Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Stanley W. Wanjala, Agnes M. Mutua, Charles R. J. C. Newton and Amina Abubakar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:333

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite decades of research, the rate of death from suicide is rising in the United States. Suicide is a complex and multifactorial phenomenon and, to date, no validated biomarkers that predict suicidal behavi...

    Authors: Allison C. Nugent, Elizabeth D. Ballard, Lawrence T. Park and Carlos A. Zarate Jr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:332

    Content type: Debate

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  15. Perinatal depression is a common problem that affects about 18% of women worldwide, though the heterogeneity between countries is great. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of perinatal depres...

    Authors: Limor Adler, Judith Tsamir, Rachel Katz, Gideon Koren and Ilan Yehoshua

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:331

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Increasing attention has been paid to differences in the prevalence of perinatal depression by HIV status, although inconsistent results have been reported. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Qi-Yu Zhu, De-Sheng Huang, Jian-Da Lv, Peng Guan and Xing-Hua Bai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:330

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Negative symptoms (NS) may be observed in the general population in an attenuated form and in high-risk mental states. However, they have been less studied in the general population than positive symptoms, in ...

    Authors: Juan F. Rodríguez-Testal, Salvador Perona-Garcelán, Sonia Dollfus, María Valdés-Díaz, Jesús García-Martínez, Miguel Ruíz-Veguilla and Cristina Senín-Calderón

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite increased interest in workplace mental health interventions, the evidence for beneficial effects is mixed. Furthermore, many existing studies lack methodological rigor. We report results from a group r...

    Authors: Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Anthony Nazarov and Kristen Blackler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:326

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The “treatment gap” (TG) for mental disorders, widely advocated by the WHO in low-and middle-income countries, is an important indicator of the extent to which a health system fails to meet the care needs of p...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Crick Lund, Mary DeSilva, Medhin Selamu, Atalay Alem, Laura Asher, Rahel Birhane, Vikram Patel, Maji Hailemariam, Teshome Shibre, Graham Thornicroft, Martin Prince and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The incidence of bullying is high among adolescents. Adolescents who were victims of bullying have a higher risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior than adolescents who were non-victims. However, research on s...

    Authors: Zhekuan Peng, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Liping Li, Xuefen Su, Lauri Sillanmäki, Roshan Chudal and Andre Sourander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:324

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Numerous studies have reported contradicting results on the relationship between cancer mortality and schizophrenia. Our aim is to quantify the mortality rate of common site-specific cancers among patients wit...

    Authors: Liwei Ni, Jian Wu, Yuming Long, Jialong Tao, Jianhao Xu, Xuya Yuan, Na Yu, Runhong Wu and Yusong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:323

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The lack of universally accepted diagnostic criteria and the high rate of psychiatric comorbidity make it difficult to diagnose Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). In an effort to improve the diagnosis of ...

    Authors: Shannon Lange, Kevin Shield, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou and Svetlana Popova

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In a recent issue of the BMC Psychiatry, the evidence of effectiveness of treatments for psychiatric conditions in end-stage cancer patients was reviewed (Johnson, 2018). The review was comprehensive, and incl...

    Authors: Rafael Guimarães dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso and Jaime E. C. Hallak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:321

    Content type: Commentary

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  24. Previous research suggests that family caregivers contemplate suicide at a higher rate than the general population. Much of this research has been disease specific and in relatively small samples. This study a...

    Authors: Karlijn J. Joling, Margreet ten Have, Ron de Graaf and Siobhan T. O’Dwyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:320

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Self-harm, an act of self-poisoning or self-injury irrespective of motivation, is a major public health concern. Use of alcohol prior to or alongside acts of self-harm is common but little is known about the a...

    Authors: Ambrose J. Melson and Rory C. O’Connor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:319

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Some studies have previously found that certain elevated early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are negative predictors for outcome for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treated with Cognitive-Behavi...

    Authors: Tor Sunde, Benjamin Hummelen, Joseph A. Himle, Liv Tveit Walseth, Patrick A. Vogel, Gunvor Launes, Vegard Øksendal Haaland and Åshild Tellefsen Haaland

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

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  27. For women in most low- and middle-income countries, the diagnosis with serious mental illness (SMI) leads to stigma and challenges related to starting or maintaining marriages. The purpose of this qualitative ...

    Authors: Maji Hailemariam, Senait Ghebrehiwet, Tithi Baul, Juliana L. Restivo, Teshome Shibre, David C. Henderson, Eshetu Girma, Abebaw Fekadu, Solomon Teferra, Charlotte Hanlon, Jennifer E. Johnson and Christina P. C. Borba

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  28. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction has been proposed to underlie the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Specifically, reduced function of NMDARs leads to altered balance between excitation and inhi...

    Authors: Lulu Yao, Zongliang Wang, Di Deng, Rongzhen Yan, Jun Ju and Qiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:314

    Content type: Research article

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  29. People with bipolar disorder are highly vulnerable to risky sexual behaviors (RSBs). The magnitude of RSBs among bipolar disorders was not studied in our population. The present study aimed to explore the prev...

    Authors: Chalachew Shambel Obo, Lamesa Melese Sori, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz and Bizuneh Tesfaye Molla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:313

    Content type: Research article

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  30. A key component of case-management in early intervention services for first-episode psychosis is engaging a person with the service and building a relationship from which therapy and treatment can be facilitat...

    Authors: Rachel M. Tindall, Kelly Allott, Magenta Simmons, Winsome Roberts and Bridget E. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Numerous studies across international settings have highlighted a need to improve the appropriateness and continuity of services for young people experiencing mental ill health. This paper examines key feature...

    Authors: Rachael Green, Penelope Fay Mitchell, Kira Lee, Ella Svensson, Jia-Wern Toh, Carolyn Barentsen, Michala Copeland, J. Richard Newton, Kari Christine Hawke and Lisa Brophy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:311

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The aim of the current study is to assess the cross-sectional association of chronic non-communicable diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, arthritis, and cerebrovascular) with depressive symptoms among o...

    Authors: Zhenjie Wang, Hanmo Yang, Zhanyuan Guo, Bei Liu and Shen Geng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:310

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Shared decision making is a widely accepted standard of patient-centred care that leads to improved clinical outcomes, yet it is commonly underutilised in the field of mental health. Furthermore, little is kno...

    Authors: S. J. Kaar, C. Gobjila, E. Butler, C. Henderson and O. D. Howes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:309

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Persistent physical symptoms (PPS), also known as medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), affect approximately 50% of patients in secondary care and are often associated with disability, psychological distress a...

    Authors: Trudie Chalder, Meenal Patel, Kirsty James, Matthew Hotopf, Philipp Frank, Katie Watts, Paul McCrone, Anthony David, Mark Ashworth, Mujtaba Husain, Toby Garrood, Rona Moss-Morris and Sabine Landau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:307

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem among youth, contribute to reduced quality of daily life, and are associated with high rates of comorbidity. However, treatment rates for anxiety are...

    Authors: Shelley Reetz, Gregory Clarke, Robin Weersing, Nader Amir, John Dickerson, Frances L. Lynch, Michael C. Leo, Andreea M. Rawlings, Mi H. Lee and Sara Gille

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:306

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric illness, however its physiopathology is unclear. The role of folate in the physiopathology of BD is controversial. We conducted this systematic review and meta-anal...

    Authors: Yung-Chi Hsieh, Li-Shiu Chou, Ching-Hua Lin, Hung-Chi Wu, Dian-Jeng Li and Ping-Tao Tseng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:305

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified of a few mistakes in the display of the author names. The publisher apologizes for the inconvenience.

    Authors: Mary McCauley, Abigail Brown, Bernice Ofosu and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:304

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:279

  38. The potential link between sleep disorders and suicidal behaviour has been the subject of several reviews. We performed this meta-analysis to estimate the overall association between sleep disorders and suicid...

    Authors: Xiaofen Wang, Sixiang Cheng and Huilan Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:303

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that one of the authors’ names is spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown.

    Authors: Naomi Petra Moller, Gemma Ryan, Jasmine Rollings and Michael Barkham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:302

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:252

  40. Depressive symptoms are quite prevalent in Primary Care (PC) settings. The treatment as usual (TAU) in PC is pharmacotherapy, despite the high relapse rates it produces. Many patients would prefer psychotherap...

    Authors: Alba Lopez-Montoyo, Soledad Quero, Jesus Montero-Marin, Alberto Barcelo-Soler, Maria Beltran, Daniel Campos and Javier Garcia-Campayo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:301

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Patients with mental illness are frequently treated in primary care, where Primary Care Providers (PCPs) report feeling ill-equipped to manage their care. Team-based models of care improve outcomes for patient...

    Authors: Danielle F. Loeb, Samantha Pelican Monson, Steven Lockhart, Cori Depue, Evette Ludman, Donald E. Nease Jr, Ingrid A. Binswanger, Danielle M. Kline, Frank V. de Gruy, Dixie G. Good and Elizabeth A. Bayliss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:299

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Psychotropic drugs are often prescribed to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms in nursing home residents with dementia, despite having limited efficacy and considerable side effects. To reduce the inappropriate pr...

    Authors: Claudia M. Groot Kormelinck, Charlotte F. van Teunenbroek, Boudewijn J. Kollen, Margreet Reitsma, Debby L. Gerritsen, Martin Smalbrugge and Sytse U. Zuidema

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:298

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  43. Nightmares are associated with parental bonding styles and various psychiatric disorders, but the exact connections between different nightmare experience features and family relationships in healthy volunteer...

    Authors: Chu Wang, Xu Shao, Yanli Jia, Chanchan Shen and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Opposing risks have been identified between different prosocial activities, with volunteering having been linked to better mental health while caregiving has been associated with higher prevalence and incidenc...

    Authors: Michael Rosato, Foteini Tseliou, David M. Wright, Aideen Maguire and Dermot O’Reilly

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:296

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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