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  1. With an increasing number of critically ill patients, attention should be paid to both their physical health and mental health. The objective of this study is to examine the links between depression and social...

    Authors: Yaru Zhang, Jiajia Li, Feng Fang and Wenhao Fu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:471

    Content type: Research

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  2. Few studies have examined clinically relevant mechanisms that underlie the association between two important indices of recovery— depression severity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in psychiatric o...

    Authors: Wen Lin Teh, Jianlin Liu, Pratika Satghare, Ellaisha Samari, Yee Ming Mok and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:470

    Content type: Research

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  3. Sleep is a natural physiological process vital for the physical and mental wellbeing of pregnant women and their fetuses. Even though poor sleep quality is a common problem among pregnant women, it is not stud...

    Authors: Tamrat Anbesaw, Habtamu Abebe, Chalachew Kassaw, Tilahun Bete and Alemayehu Molla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:469

    Content type: Research

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  4. Implementation of psychosocial interventions in mental health services has the potential to improve the treatment of psychosis spectrum disorders (PSD) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where care is...

    Authors: Tamara Pemovska, Aliriza Arënliu, Jon Konjufca, Fitim Uka, Jennifer Hunter, Stojan Bajraktarov, Lidija Injac Stevović, Stefan Jerotić, Alma Džubur Kulenović, Antoni Novotni, Ljubisa Novotni, Tamara Radojičić, Selman Repišti, Emina Ribić, Ivan Ristić, Eldina Smajić Mešević…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:468

    Content type: Research

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  5. Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is a key target for E-Health programs considering the many barriers hindering patients’ access to care and the disorder’s severity. Although these programs have become more common and eff...

    Authors: Benjamin Naccache, Laure Mesquida, Jean-Philippe Raynaud and Alexis Revet

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:467

    Content type: Research

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  6. Approximately 3000 people die by suicide each year in Sri Lanka. As family and friends may play a role in supporting a person at risk of suicide to get appropriate help, there is a need for evidence-based reso...

    Authors: Amila Chandrasiri, Madhawee Fernando, Madhubhashinee Dayabandara and Nicola J. Reavley

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:466

    Content type: Research

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  7. The ‘lockdown’ measures, adopted to restrict population movements in order to help curb the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, contributed to a global mental health crisis. Although several st...

    Authors: Julia Ambrosetti, Laura Macheret, Aline Folliet, Alexandre Wullschleger, Andrea Amerio, Andrea Aguglia, Gianluca Serafini, Paco Prada, Stefan Kaiser, Guido Bondolfi, François Sarasin and Alessandra Costanza

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:465

    Content type: Research

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  8. Several studies have indicated that self-stigma is associated with depressive symptoms and could be a barrier to recovery in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. More recently, an association betwee...

    Authors: Hiroshi Komatsu, Takashi Ono, Goh Onoguchi, Hiroaki Tomita and Yoshihisa Kakuto

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research

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  9. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CESD) was widely used for screening of depressive symptoms. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the factor structure and measurement invar...

    Authors: Lishui Niu, Jiayue He, Chang Cheng, Jinyao Yi, Xiang Wang and Shuqiao Yao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:463

    Content type: Research

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  10. Overcontrol is a transdiagnostic cluster of traits associated with excessive psychological, behavioural and social inhibitory control. It is associated with psychiatric diagnoses of depression, restrictive eat...

    Authors: Julian Baudinet, Catherine Stewart, Eleanor Bennett, Anna Konstantellou, Rhian Parham, Keren Smith, Katrina Hunt, Ivan Eisler and Mima Simic

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:462

    Content type: Research

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  11. A subset of adolescents with mental disorders are likely to have decision-making capacity that facilitates their therapy engagement. However, there are high rates of drop-out in mental health settings.

    Authors: E. Tsamadou, P. Voultsos, A. Emmanouilidis and G. Ampatzoglou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research

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  12. Although studies indicate that social support is related to emotional exhaustion, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms, the underlying mechanism between those variables remains unknown.

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Nianqi Cui, Dandan Chen, Ping Zou, Jing Shao, Xiyi Wang, Yichi Zhang, Jiao Du, Chunxue Du and Deyi Zheng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:460

    Content type: Research

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  13. The adverse health effects of stress induced exhaustion disorder (SED) cause increasing concern in Western societies. This disorder is characterized by severe fatigue, decreased tolerance to further stress, an...

    Authors: Aniko Bartfai, Marie Åsberg, Aniella Beser, Kimmo Sorjonen, Alexander Wilczek and Siegbert Warkentin

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research

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  14. Impulsivity is associated with several psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders (SUD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A widely used questionnaire to assess impulsivity is t...

    Authors: Lotfi Khemiri, Christoffer Brynte, Maija Konstenius, Joar Guterstam, Ingvar Rosendahl, Johan Franck and Nitya Jayaram-Lindström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:458

    Content type: Research

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  15. We aimed to describe the prevalence of PTSD symptoms and its associated factors in persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Uganda who engage in heavy alcohol use.

    Authors: Allen Kekibiina, Julian Adong, Robin Fatch, Nneka I. Emenyonu, Kara Marson, Brian Beesiga, Sara Lodi, Winnie R. Muyindike, Moses Kamya, Gabriel Chamie, Michael G. McDonell and Judith A. Hahn

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study has two aims. First, determine the fit of the fear model to COVID-19, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress in the general population and health-care workers. Second, determine which model best explain...

    Authors: David Villarreal-Zegarra, Anthony Copez-Lonzoy, Ana L. Vilela-Estrada and Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:455

    Content type: Research

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  17. The melancholic and atypical specifiers for a major depressive episode (MDE) are supposed to reduce heterogeneity in symptom presentation by requiring additional, specific features. Fried et al. (2020) recentl...

    Authors: Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, John F. Buss and Eiko I. Fried

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research

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  18. Restless arms syndrome (RAS) is characterized by uncomfortable aching or burning sensations in the arms. RAS is regarded as an upper limb variant of restless legs syndrome (RLS). The lack of specific diagnosti...

    Authors: Juan Chen, Na Meng, Bingrong Cao, Yinghua Ye, Ying Ou and Zhe Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:453

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Forced migrant populations have high rates of trauma-related ill health, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Physical activity (PA) is well-established as an effective stress reliever, while insuf...

    Authors: Henrik Nilsson, Catharina Gustavsson, Maria Gottvall and Fredrik Saboonchi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:452

    Content type: Research

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  20. There is limited evidence of mapping clinical instruments to a generic preference-based instrument in Asian patient populations. The current study aims to map the eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire depres...

    Authors: Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Esmond Seow, Kelvin Bryan Tan and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research

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  21. Despite the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), its precise identification remains challenging. With the Zohar-Fineberg Obsessive-Compulsive Screen (ZF-OCS; 5 or 6 items), a brief instrument is ...

    Authors: Franziska Kühne, Tatjana Paunov and Florian Weck

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:450

    Content type: Research

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  22. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have found that problematic mobile phone use, bedtime procrastination, sleep quality, and depressive symptoms are strongly associated. However, studies are inconsistent...

    Authors: Guanghui Cui, Yongtian Yin, Shaojie Li, Lei Chen, Xinyao Liu, Kaixuan Tang and Yawen Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:449

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is considered as a specific risk factor in the development and maintenance of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Yet, researches have investigated the relations between IU and ...

    Authors: Lei Ren, Zihan Wei, Ye Li, Long-Biao Cui, Yifei Wang, Lin Wu, Xinyi Wei, Jiaxi Peng, Kuiliang Li, Yinchuan Jin, Fengzhan Li, Qun Yang and Xufeng Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research

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  24. A number of factors have been demonstrated to be associated with Problematic Internet Use (PIU); otherwise known as Internet Addiction), which is mostly concerned with psychological problems such as loneliness...

    Authors: Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Manee Pinyopornpanish, Sutapat Simcharoen and Pimolpun Kuntawong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:447

    Content type: Research

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  25. Screening for depression and anxiety disorders has been proposed in prison populations but little is known about caseness thresholds on commonly used self-report measures in relation to core symptoms, risk fac...

    Authors: Elizabeth Butcher, Christopher Packham, Marie Williams, Joanne Miksza, Adarsh Kaul, Kamlesh Khunti and Richard Morriss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:446

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The risk of depression has risen in the general population during the COVID-19 epidemic. This study was conducted to explore risk and protective factors associated with depression among the general population ...

    Authors: Sung-Wan Kim, In-Hoo Park, Mina Kim, A-La Park, Min Jhon, Ju-Wan Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Seunghyong Ryu, Ju-Yeon Lee and Jae-Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:445

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Little data exists regarding depression and its associated factors in medical residents and doctors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Residents are at high risk of developing depression owing to the stressful nature of t...

    Authors: Sayed Shah Nur Hussein Shah, Ahmed Laving, Violet Caroline Okech-Helu and Manasi Kumar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Patients with mental disorders have an increased risk of developing somatic disorders, just as they have a higher risk of dying from them. These patients often report feeling devaluated and rejected by health ...

    Authors: Ida Nielsen Sølvhøj, Amalie Oxholm Kusier, Pia Vivian Pedersen and Maj Britt Dahl Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:443

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) have high comorbidity. Although prior research indicated that PTSD can effectively be treated with Prolonged Exposure (PE) in these patient...

    Authors: Sera A. Lortye, Joanne P. Will, Loes A. Marquenie, Anna E. Goudriaan, Arnoud Arntz and Marleen M. de Waal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:442

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. It is well established that academic achievement and other school-related outcomes are associated with mental health status in children and youths. However, few studies have examined the influence of socioecon...

    Authors: Evelina Landstedt, Cristian Bortes and Mattias Strandh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:456

  31. The evaluation of treatment outcomes is important for service providers to assess if there is improvement or not. The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) was developed fo...

    Authors: Grace Nduku Wambua, Manasi Kumar, Fredrik Falkenström and Pim Cuijpers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:440

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. In people with intellectual disability (ID) and challenging behaviour, antipsychotics (AP) are often used off-label and for a long period. Despite a lack of evidence for efficacy for challenging behaviour and ...

    Authors: Sylvie Beumer, Pauline Hamers, Alyt Oppewal and Dederieke Maes-Festen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:439

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare, genetic, neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with hyperphagia and early onset obesity, growth and sex hormone insufficiencies, mild-to-moderate intellectual disability...

    Authors: Analise Peleggi, Jessica Bohonowych, Theresa V. Strong, Lauren Schwartz and Soo-Jeong Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. An internal locus of control (LoC I) refers to the belief that the outcome of events in one’s life is contingent upon one’s actions, whereas an external locus of control (LoC E) describes the belief that chanc...

    Authors: Henning Krampe, Lars Johan Danbolt, Annie Haver, Gry Stålsett and Tatjana Schnell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes a clinical illness Covid-19, has had a major impact on mental health globally. Those diagnosed with major depressive d...

    Authors: Daniel Leightley, Grace Lavelle, Katie M. White, Shaoxiong Sun, Faith Matcham, Alina Ivan, Carolin Oetzmann, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Femke Lamers, Sara Siddi, Josep Mario Haro, Inez Myin-Germeys, Stuart Bruce, Raluca Nica, Alice Wickersham, Peter Annas…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research

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  36. Traumatic stress is a global mental health problem requiring novel, easily implemented treatment solutions. We compared the effectiveness and efficiency of Reconsolidation Therapy (RT) to the well-established ...

    Authors: Alain Brunet, Ram P. Sapkota, Bhushan Guragain, Jacques Tremblay, Daniel Saumier and Laurence J. Kirmayer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:434

    Content type: Research

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  37. The system of secure care for young people in England and Wales comprises youth justice, welfare and mental health facilities. Empirical studies have failed to investigate the system as a whole. The National A...

    Authors: Annie Bartlett, Jared G. Smith, Louise Warner and Heidi Hales

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The majority of people with mental illness do not seek help at all or only with significant delay. To reduce help-seeking barriers for people with mental illness, it is therefore important to understand factor...

    Authors: Carolin M. Doll, Chantal Michel, Marlene Rosen, Naweed Osman, Benno G. Schimmelmann and Frauke Schultze-Lutter

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:432

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Alcohol consumption constitutes a major public health problem as it has negative consequences on the health, social, psychological, and economic outcomes of individuals. Tertiary education presents students wi...

    Authors: Richard Gyan Aboagye, Nuworza Kugbey, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Abdul Cadri and Paa Yeboah Akonor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research

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  40. Measurement-based care (MBC) is an evidence-based practice for depression, but its use by clinicians remains low. Enhanced MBC (eMBC), which uses digital technologies, can help to facilitate the use of MBC by ...

    Authors: Jill K. Murphy, Erin E. Michalak, Jing Liu, Heather Colquhoun, Hannah Burton, Xiaorui Yang, Tao Yang, Xing Wang, Yue Fei, Yanling He, Zuowei Wang, Yifeng Xu, Ping Zhang, Yousong Su, Jia Huang, Leping Huang…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:430

    Content type: Research

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  41. There are 68.77 million left-behind children in China, who are at a great risk of depression associated with negative life events. Our study aims to investigate the most central symptoms of depression in left-...

    Authors: Kuiliang Li, Yu Guang, Lei Ren, Xiaoqing Zhan, Xuejiao Tan, Xi Luo and Zhengzhi Feng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Accumulating evidence indicates that schizophrenia is accompanied by significant activation of the immune system; however, there is limited data from low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Inflammatory marker...

    Authors: Feyissa Challa, Daniel Seifu, Meron Sileshi, Tigist Getahun, Zeleke Geto, Desta Kassa, Melkam Alemayehu, Miraf Mesfin, Abebaw Fekadu and Yimtubezinash Woldeamanuel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research

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  43. The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted people’s lives across a broad spectrum of psychosocial domains. We report the development and psychometric evaluation of the self-report COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Heal...

    Authors: Stephanie V. Rek, Markus Bühner, Matthias A. Reinhard, Daniel Freeman, Daniel Keeser, Kristina Adorjan, Peter Falkai and Frank Padberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research

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  44. Inpatient treatment is not the most beneficial treatment setting for many patients with psychiatric disorders and overcrowding is a recurrent problem for psychiatric hospitals. Therefore, it is important to de...

    Authors: Aurélio Restellini, Omar Kherad and Stefan Kaiser

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:425

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. In association with the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many numbers of Ethiopian migrants are returning to their home country, and they are required to stay in mandatory quara...

    Authors: Kassahun Habtamu, Yekoyealem Desie, Mulat Asnake, Endirias Gina Lera and Temesgen Mequanint

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Anxiety and depression are common, disabling and frequently start in youth, underscoring the need for effective, accessible early interventions. Empirical data and consultations with lived experience youth rep...

    Authors: Jennifer Y. F. Lau, Rebecca Watkins-Muleba, Isabelle Lee, Victoria Pile and Colette R. Hirsch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:403

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Depressive disorders are common in adolescence and are associated with a wide range of negative long-term outcomes. Highly controlled randomized controlled trials (RCT) provide considerable evidence for the ef...

    Authors: Daniel Walter, Jana Buschsieweke, Lydia Dachs, Hildegard Goletz, Anja Goertz-Dorten, Claudia Kinnen, Daniela Perri, Christiane Rademacher, Stephanie Schuermann, Paula Viefhaus, Katrin Woitecki, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Elena von Wirth and Manfred Doepfner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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