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  1. Statistical models based on item response theory were used to examine (a) the performance of individual Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) items and their options, (b) the effectiveness of various su...

    Authors: Darcy A Santor, Haya Ascher-Svanum, Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer and Robert L Obenchain
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:66
  2. Clinical depression is common, debilitating and treatable; one in four people experience it during their lives. The majority of sufferers are treated in primary care and only half respond well to active treatm...

    Authors: Seren Haf Roberts, Emma Bedson, Dyfrig Hughes, Keith Lloyd, Stuart Moat, Munir Pirmohamed, Gary Slegg, Richard Tranter, Rhiannon Whitaker, Clare Wilkinson and Ian Russell
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:65

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2009 9:14

  3. The incidence of suicide has increased markedly in Japan since 1998. As psychological autopsy is not generally accepted in Japan, surveys of suicide attempts, an established risk factor of suicide, are highly ...

    Authors: Tomoki Yamada, Chiaki Kawanishi, Hana Hasegawa, Ryoko Sato, Akiko Konishi, Daiji Kato, Taku Furuno, Ikuko Kishida, Toshinari Odawara, Mitsugi Sugiyama and Yoshio Hirayasu
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:64
  4. The P300 component of the auditory evoked potential is an indicator of attention dependent target processing. Only a few studies have assessed cognitive function in substituted opiate addicts by means of evoke...

    Authors: Bernhard W Müller, Michael Specka, Nicolai Steinchen, Dieter Zerbin, Ernst Lodemann, Thomas Finkbeiner and Norbert Scherbaum
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:63
  5. It has been proposed that different types of psychopathology in schizophrenia may reflect distinguishable pathological processes. In the current study we aimed to address such associations in the absence of co...

    Authors: Heather C Whalley, Viktoria-Eleni Gountouna, Jeremy Hall, Andrew McIntosh, Marie-Claire Whyte, Enrico Simonotto, Dominic E Job, David GC Owens, Eve C Johnstone and Stephen M Lawrie
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:61
  6. Frequent users of the psychiatric emergency service (PES) place a heavy burden upon the mental health care delivery system. The aim of this study was to identify distinct temporal or geographical patterns of P...

    Authors: Yves JA Chaput and Marie-Josée Lebel
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:60
  7. Researchers setting out to conduct research employing questionnaires in non-English speaking populations need instruments that have been validated in the indigenous languages. In this study we have tried to re...

    Authors: Syed Ahmer, Rafey A Faruqui and Anita Aijaz
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:59
  8. Previous research has shown that Short Psychodynamic Supportive Psychotherapy (SPSP) is an effective alternative to pharmacotherapy and combined treatment (SPSP and pharmacotherapy) in the treatment of depress...

    Authors: Ellen Driessen, Henricus L Van, Robert A Schoevers, Pim Cuijpers, Gerda van Aalst, Frank J Don, Mariëlle Hendriksen, Simone Kool, Pieter J Molenaar, Jaap Peen and Jack JM Dekker
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:58
  9. Repeated traumatic experiences, e.g. torture and war, lead to functional and structural cerebral changes, which should be detectable in cortical dynamics. Abnormal slow waves produced within circumscribed brai...

    Authors: Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Christian Wienbruch, Frank Neuner, Maggie Schauer, Martina Ruf, Michael Odenwald and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:56
  10. According to DSM-IV, the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires the experience of a traumatic event during which the person's response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror. In ord...

    Authors: Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Cindy Eckart, Martina Ruf, Frank Neuner, Dominique JF de Quervain and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:54
  11. Depression amongst adolescents is a costly societal problem. Little research documents the effectiveness of public mental health services in mapping this problem. Further, it is not clear whether usual care in...

    Authors: Cate Bearsley-Smith, Mark Oakley Browne, Ken Sellick, Elmer V Villanueva, Janice Chesters, Karen Francis and Prasuna Reddy
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:53
  12. Crisis resolution teams (CRTs) provide a community alternative to psychiatric hospital admission for patients presenting in crisis. Little is known about the characteristics of patients admitted despite the av...

    Authors: Mary-Anne Cotton, Sonia Johnson, Jonathan Bindman, Andrew Sandor, Ian R White, Graham Thornicroft, Fiona Nolan, Stephen Pilling, John Hoult, Nigel McKenzie and Paul Bebbington
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:52
  13. The overlap between Depression and Anxiety has led some researchers to conclude that they are manifestations of a broad, non-specific neurotic disorder. However, others believe that they can be distinguished d...

    Authors: Joe A Buckby, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth M Cosgrave and Eoin J Killackey
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:50
  14. The main aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of IR MPH administered three times daily to those of once daily OROS-MPH.

    Authors: Joseph Biederman, Eric O Mick, Craig Surman, Robert Doyle, Paul Hammerness, Evan Michel, Jessica Martin and Thomas J Spencer
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:49
  15. Depression causes substantial disease burden in both developed and developing countries. To reduce this burden, we need to promote understanding of depression as a major health condition. The International Dep...

    Authors: Ian B Hickie AM, Tracey A Davenport, Georgina M Luscombe, Ye Rong, Megan L Hickie and Morag I Bell
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:48
  16. Scientific literature on depression and anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) consistently reports data of elevated anxiety and depression scores indicating clinically relevant quantities of th...

    Authors: Jens-Holger A Krannich, Peter Weyers, Stefan Lueger, Michael Herzog, Thomas Bohrer and Olaf Elert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:47
  17. Multiple studies have shown that brain gene expression is disturbed in subjects suffering from schizophrenia. However, disentangling disease effects from alterations caused by medication is a challenging task....

    Authors: Peter Saetre, Lina Emilsson, Elin Axelsson, Johan Kreuger, Eva Lindholm and Elena Jazin
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:46
  18. Slow waves in the delta (0.5–4 Hz) frequency range are indications of normal activity in sleep. In neurological disorders, focal electric and magnetic slow wave activity is generated in the vicinity of structu...

    Authors: Brigitte S Rockstroh, Christian Wienbruch, William J Ray and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:44
  19. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a chronic and highly disabling condition. Existing pharmacotherapies produce full remission in only 30% to 40% of treated patients. Antidepressants exhibiting dual reuptake i...

    Authors: James I Hudson, David G Perahia, Inmaculada Gilaberte, Fujun Wang, John G Watkin and Michael J Detke
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:43
  20. Recent research has emphasized that the human circadian rhythm system is differentially sensitive to short wavelength light. Light treatment devices using efficient light-emitting diodes (LEDs) whose output is...

    Authors: Paul H Desan, Andrea J Weinstein, Erin E Michalak, Edwin M Tam, Ybe Meesters, Martine J Ruiter, Edward Horn, John Telner, Hani Iskandar, Diane B Boivin and Raymond W Lam
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:38
  21. Personality traits may form a part of the aetiology of opioid dependence. For instance, opioid dependence may result from self-medication in emotionally unstable individuals, or from experimenting with drugs i...

    Authors: Hege Kornør and Hilmar Nordvik
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:37
  22. The validity of traditional categorical personality disorder diagnoses is currently re-evaluated from a continuous perspective, and the evolving DSM-V classification may describe personality disorders dimensio...

    Authors: Roope Tikkanen, Matti Holi, Nina Lindberg and Matti Virkkunen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:36
  23. Published methods for assessing remission in schizophrenia are variable and none have been definitively validated or standardized. Andreasen et al (2005) suggest systematic operational criteria using eight PAN...

    Authors: Mark GA Opler, Lawrence H Yang, Sue Caleo and Philip Alberti
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:35
  24. People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, lev...

    Authors: Harry Minas, Steven Klimidis and Can Tuncer
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:34
  25. Although a number of studies have assessed the management of mania in routine clinical practice, no studies have so far evaluated the short- and long-term management and outcome of patients affected by bipolar...

    Authors: Cesario Bellantuono, Alessandra Barraco, Andrea Rossi and Iris Goetz
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:33
  26. Although major depression (MD) is associated with high levels of disability, the relationships between cognitive dysfunction and self-rated disability are poorly understood. This study examined the relationshi...

    Authors: Sharon L Naismith, Wendy A Longley, Elizabeth M Scott and Ian B Hickie
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:32
  27. Co-morbidity with substance use disorders negatively influences overall functioning in patients with psychosis. However, frequencies and courses of risky use of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes are rarely investi...

    Authors: Gunilla Cruce and Agneta Öjehagen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:31
  28. A high prevalence of lifetime psychiatric disorders among help-seeking substance abusers has been clearly established. However, the long-term course of psychiatric disorders and mental distress among help-seek...

    Authors: Kjell Bakken, Anne Signe Landheim and Per Vaglum
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:29
  29. Patients with severe mental illness are at increased risk for metabolic and cardiovascular disease. A number of recent guidelines and consensus statements recommend stringent monitoring of metabolic function i...

    Authors: Paul Mackin, David R Bishop and Helen MO Watkinson
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:28
  30. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is shown to be effective in many psychiatric illnesses, but its distorted projection by the Pakistani media and its unregulated use by many physicians across the country have ad...

    Authors: Mehreen Arshad, Ahmad Zafir Arham, Mansoor Arif, Maria Bano, Ayisha Bashir, Munira Bokutz, Maria Maqbool Choudhary, Haider Naqvi and Murad Moosa Khan
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:27
  31. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a genetically influenced condition although indicators of environmental risk including maternal smoking during pregnancy, low birth weight and low social clas...

    Authors: Kate Langley, Peter A Holmans, Marianne BM van den Bree and Anita Thapar
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:26
  32. Evidence suggests that white matter integrity may play an underlying pathophysiological role in schizophrenia. N-acetylaspartate (NAA), as measured by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS), is a neuronal marke...

    Authors: Cheuk Y Tang, Joseph Friedman, Dikoma Shungu, Linda Chang, Thomas Ernst, Daniel Stewart, Arash Hajianpour, David Carpenter, Johnny Ng, Xiangling Mao, Patrick R Hof, Monte S Buchsbaum, Kenneth Davis and Jack M Gorman
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:25
  33. The weight of evidence suggests that women who freely choose to terminate a pregnancy are unlikely to experience significant mental health risks, however some studies have documented psychological distress in ...

    Authors: Sharain Suliman, Todd Ericksen, Peter Labuschgne, Renee de Wit, Dan J Stein and Soraya Seedat
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:24
  34. Epidemiologic estimates are now available for a variety of parameters related to major depression epidemiology (incidence, prevalence, etc.). These estimates are potentially useful for policy and planning purp...

    Authors: Scott B Patten
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:23
  35. Schizophrenia is a common psychiatric disease affecting about 1% of population. One major problem in the treatment is finding the right the drug for the right patients. However, pharmacogenetic results in psyc...

    Authors: Sami Anttila, Olli Kampman, Ari Illi, Riikka Rontu, Terho Lehtimäki and Esa Leinonen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:22
  36. We are conducting a genetic study of autism in the isolated population of the Central Valley of Costa Rica (CVCR). A novel Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) missense variant (exon 11 G>T) was recently associated with psycho...

    Authors: Lynne A McInnes, Leonid Ouchanov, Alisa Nakamine, Patricia Jimenez, Marcela Esquivel, Marietha Fallas, Silvia Monge, Pamela Bondy and Elina R Manghi
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:21
  37. Earlier studies have shown that people with low level of education have increased rates of mental health problems. The aim of the present study is to investigate the association between level of education and ...

    Authors: Odd Steffen Dalgard, Arnstein Mykletun, Marit Rognerud, Rune Johansen and Per Henrik Zahl
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:20
  38. Bulimia Nervosa (BN) is believed to be caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Previous studies support the existence of a bulimia-related endophenotype as well as disturbances in seroto...

    Authors: Anu K Koskela, Anna Keski-Rahkonen, Elina Sihvola, Tomi Kauppinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Aapo Ahonen and Aila Rissanen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:19
  39. The efficacy of combined psychotherapy and benzodiazepine treatment for panic disorder is still unclear despite its widespread use. The present systematic review aims to examine its efficacy compared with eith...

    Authors: Norio Watanabe, Rachel Churchill and Toshi A Furukawa
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:18
  40. Acculturation is one of the determinants of mental health among immigrants. Evaluating adaptation to the host culture is insufficient, since immigrants will develop various degrees of bi- or multicultural iden...

    Authors: Ariel Eytan, Nuria Jene-Petschen and Marianne Gex-Fabry
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2007 7:17

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