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  1. Depression and anxiety are two common mood problems among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and are associated with poor cardiac prognoses. The comorbidity of depression and anxiety is considered to b...

    Authors: Bingqing Bai, Han Yin, Lan Guo, Huan Ma, Haochen Wang, Fengyao Liu, Yanting Liang, Anbang Liu and Qingshan Geng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:202

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging neuroimaging modality that provides a direct and quantitative assessment of cortical haemodynamic response during a cognitive task. It may be used t...

    Authors: Syeda Fabeha Husain, Tong-Boon Tang, Wilson W. Tam, Bach X. Tran, Cyrus S. Ho and Roger C. Ho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Perinatal common mental disorders are associated with significant adverse outcomes for women and their families, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. Early detection through screening with locally-...

    Authors: Gracia Fellmeth, Siân Harrison, Charles Opondo, Manisha Nair, Jennifer J. Kurinczuk and Fiona Alderdice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  4. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Johanna Baumgardt, Julian Schwarz, Andreas Bechdolf, Konstantinos Nikolaidis, Martin Heinze, Johannes Hamann, Martin Holzke, Gerhard Längle, Janina Richter, Peter Brieger, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen Timm, Constance Hirschmeier, Sebastian Von Peter and Stefan Weinmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:199

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:173

  5. Sleep disturbance and executive function impairment are common in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), though the relationship between the two remains unclear. We investigated this association in fir...

    Authors: Feihuan Cui, Qi Liu, Xiaozhen Lv, Rainer Leonhart, Hongjun Tian, Jing Wei, Kerang Zhang, Gang Zhu, Qiaoling Chen, Gang Wang, Xueyi Wang, Nan Zhang, Yu Huang, Tianmei Si and Xin Yu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a commonly used psychometric scale of depression. A four-factor structure (depressed affect, positive affect, somatic symptoms, and interpersona...

    Authors: Joanna M. Blodgett, Chantelle C. Lachance, Brendon Stubbs, Melissa Co, Yu-Tzu Wu, Matthew Prina, Vivian W. L. Tsang and Theodore D. Cosco

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research

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  7. While a growing number of studies focus on men who have sex with men (MSM), they typically ignore the heterogeneity of gender minorities within the MSM population. The recognition of new sub-groups among gende...

    Authors: Zhizhou Duan, Liyin Wang, Menglan Guo, Changmian Ding, Danqin Huang, Hong Yan, Amanda Wilson and Shiyue Li

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Confinement due to COVID-19 has increased mental ill-health. Few studies unpack the risk and protective factors associated with mental ill-health and addictions that might inform future preparedness.

    Authors: Eva Jané-Llopis, Peter Anderson, Lidia Segura, Edurne Zabaleta, Regina Muñoz, Gemma Ruiz, Jürgen Rehm, Carmen Cabezas and Joan Colom

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although long-term use of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZDs) has been associated with an increased risk of dependence, the incidence, details of clinical manifestations, and triggering...

    Authors: Yuichi Inoue, Yoshikazu Takaesu and Michinori Koebis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Severe agitation and its relation to single dimensions of quality of life are not well understood. The aim of this study was to gain more knowledge about severe agitation and to examine the relationships betwe...

    Authors: Kathrin Schmüdderich, Daniela Holle, Armin Ströbel, Bernhard Holle and Rebecca Palm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Randomised controlled trials suggest that family therapy has a positive effect on the course of depression, schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa. However, it is largely unknown whether a positive link also exist...

    Authors: Marie Louise Svendsen, Trine Ellegaard, Karoline Agerbo Jeppesen, Erik Riiskjær and Berit Kjærside Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) recommend the monitoring of somatic parameters in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs in order to detect adverse effects. The objective of this study was to assess, in...

    Authors: Jurriaan M. J. L. Brouwer, Erien Olde Hengel, Arne J. Risselada, Eric N. van Roon and Hans Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although the 6-item Kessler psychological scale (K6) is a useful depression screening scale in clinical settings and epidemiological surveys, little is known about the distribution model of the K6 score in the...

    Authors: Shinichiro Tomitaka and Toshiaki A. Furukawa

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. Witnessing delirium can be distressing for family caregivers (i.e., relatives or friends) of critically ill patients. This study aimed to evaluate associations between caregiver-detected delirium in critically...

    Authors: Brianna K. Rosgen, Karla D. Krewulak, Judy E. Davidson, E. Wesley Ely, Henry T. Stelfox and Kirsten M. Fiest

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Shaoling Zhong, Rongqin Yu, Robert Cornish, Xiaoping Wang and Seena Fazel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:186

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:120

  16. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by the continual presence of primary motor and vocal tics. Grey matter abnormalities have been identified in numerous studies of TS, but conflict...

    Authors: Fang Wen, Junjuan Yan, Liping Yu, Fang Wang, Jingran Liu, Ying Li and Yonghua Cui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Substance use disorders show a high comorbidity with externalizing behavior difficulties, creating treatment challenges, including difficulties with compliance, a high risk of conflict, and a high rate of offe...

    Authors: Morten Hesse, Birgitte Thylstrup, Sidsel Helena Karsberg, Michael Mulbjerg Pedersen and Mads Uffe Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based, effective approach to help people with severe mental illness (SMI) achieve competitive employment. The aim of the present study is to explore experi...

    Authors: Miljana Vukadin, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Harry W. C. Michon, Marianne de Maaker-Berkhof and Johannes R. Anema

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by unpleasant and distressing sensations in the lower limbs that are more pronounced in the evening, commence or worsen at rest, and show p...

    Authors: Mustafa Abdul Karim, Nadeen Al-Baz, Sami Ouanes, Majid Alabdulla and Peter M. Haddad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:180

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Older people coming from a lower wealth gradient are more vulnerable to have stressful life events further adding more risk for common mental health disorders and psychological distress situations. The present...

    Authors: Shobhit Srivastava, Naina Purkayastha, Himanshu Chaurasia and T. Muhammad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Sleep disorders and vitamin D deficiency are highly prevalent health problems. Few studies examined the effect of vitamin D concentrations on objectively measured sleep with high methodological quality and tem...

    Authors: Roland Mergl, Ezgi Dogan-Sander, Anja Willenberg, Kerstin Wirkner, Jürgen Kratzsch, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Antje-Kathrin Allgaier, Ulrich Hegerl and Christian Sander

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The care of people with dementia is usually carried out by their family members, which can cause objective und subjective burden and raise their risk of depressiveness. Thus, the aim of this study is to identi...

    Authors: Lara Kürten, Nikolas Dietzel, Peter L. Kolominsky-Rabas and Elmar Graessel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Undocumented migrants live and work in precarious conditions. Few studies have explored the mental health consequences of such environment. The objective of this study is to describe the mental health of migra...

    Authors: Julien Fakhoury, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Liala Consoli, Aline Duvoisin, Delphine Courvoisier and Yves Jackson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Sexual assault is implicated in several adverse psychological and physical health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Neurobiological research has shown variations related ...

    Authors: Ana Teresa D. D’Elia, Mario F. Juruena, Bruno M. Coimbra, Marcelo F. Mello and Andrea F. Mello

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Over the last decades, many high-income countries have successfully implemented assertive outreach mental health services for acute care. Despite evidence that these services entail several benefits for servic...

    Authors: Johanna Baumgardt, Julian Schwarz, Andreas Bechdolf, Konstantinos Nikolaidis, Martin Heinze, Johannes Hamann, Martin Holzke, Gerhard Längle, Janina Richter, Peter Brieger, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen Timm, Constance Hirschmeier, Sebastian Von Peter and Stefan Weinmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:173

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:199

  26. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and aggression have been demonstrated to serve as risk factors of suicidal behaviours (SB). Non-suicidal self-injury disorder (NSSID) and Suicidal Behaviour Disorder (SBD) are a...

    Authors: Monika Szewczuk-Bogusławska, Małgorzata Kaczmarek-Fojtar, Agnieszka Adamska, Dorota Frydecka and Błażej Misiak

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Although social anxiety disorder is one of the most frequent disorders, it often remained unrecognized. Utilizing brief, yet reliable screening tools, such as the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS-6) and ...

    Authors: Andras N. Zsido, Brigitta Varadi-Borbas and Nikolett Arato

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Studies have shown that health care workers (HCWs), as front liners of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, are at high risk for psychological symptoms, but few studies have compared these symptoms in infected...

    Authors: Nami Mohammadian Khonsari, Gita Shafiee, Atefeh Zandifar, Sahar Mohammad Poornami, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Hamid Asayesh and Mostafa Qorbani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Numerous bio-psychosocial factors play a role in the etiology of psychiatric disorders. In this regard, the relationship between parents and their children is significantly involved in developing the offspring...

    Authors: Aidin Abbaspour, Masoud Bahreini, Sherafat Akaberian and Kamran Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Exploring etiological clues to adolescent depression, especially in female adolescents, might be helpful to improve the social environment of female adolescents. The aim at this study is to explore psycho-soci...

    Authors: Wenzhe Sun, Junhua Mei, Yanyan Wang, Xin Zhao, Zhou Zhu, Chenyan Zhang, Chensheng Pan, Guo Li, Yuxi Chen, Jinfeng Miao, Yan Lan, Xiuli Qiu and Yi Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. An early onset of depression is associated with higher chronicity and disability, more stressful life events (SLEs), higher negative emotionality as described by the primary emotion SADNESS and more severe dep...

    Authors: Simon Sanwald, Katharina Widenhorn-Müller, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Christian Montag and Markus Kiefer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Methamphetamine (MA) use has been shown to be associated with deficits in impulsivity, verbal learning, and working memory. Additionally, methamphetamine use disorder (MUD) is related to various brain changes,...

    Authors: Lukas Andreas Basedow, Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Melina Felicitas Wiedmann, Stefan Ehrlich, Veit Roessner and Yulia Golub

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Movement is a basic component of health. Little is known about the spatiotemporal movement of patients with mental disorders. The aim of this study was to determine how spatiotemporal movement of patients rela...

    Authors: Andrew T. Gloster, Andrea H. Meyer, Jens Klotsche, Jeanette Villanueva, Victoria J. Block, Charles Benoy, Marcia T. B. Rinner, Marc Walter, Undine E. Lang and Maria Karekla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. This post hoc analysis of clinical trial data evaluated long-term, self-reported mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores in schizophrenia patients receiving aripiprazole lauroxil (AL)...

    Authors: Joseph P. McEvoy, Peter J. Weiden, Paul H. Lysaker, Xiaowu Sun and Amy K. O’Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. We sought to examine the association between childhood experience of parental death (CEPD) and adulthood suicidal ideation, and the mediating role of adulthood SES in the association.

    Authors: Jaehong Yoon, Ja Young Kim, Ji-Hwan Kim and Seung-Sup Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Although the body of research concerning neurodevelopmental disorders is vast, there is a scarcity of longitudinal studies beyond late adolescence, and of studies taking co-existing disorders into account. The...

    Authors: Valdemar Landgren, Elisabeth Fernell, Christopher Gillberg, Magnus Landgren and Mats Johnson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Daya Ram Parajuli, Abraham Kuot, Mohammad Hamiduzzaman, Justin Gladman and Vivian Isaac

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:159

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:36

  38. Negative coping strategies and behavioral problems are common among Chinese left-behind children, which are relate to a variety of negative consequences. At this stage of development, the relevant factors of c...

    Authors: Shu Cui, Fangshuo Cheng, Ling Zhang, Chao Zhang, Qiuyu Yuan, Cui Huang, Kai Zhang and Xiaoqin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Hormones of the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG), hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA), and hypothalamic–pituitary–somatotropic (HPS) axes are potentially involved in major depressive disorder (MDD), but t...

    Authors: Hiroshi Arinami, Yutaro Suzuki, Misuzu Tajiri, Nobuto Tsuneyama and Toshiyuki Someya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Childhood maltreatment (CM) is unfortunately widespread globally and has been linked with an increased risk of a variety of psychiatric disorders in adults, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thes...

    Authors: Camila Monteiro Fabricio Gama, Liana Catarina Lima Portugal, Raquel Menezes Gonçalves, Sérgio de Souza Junior, Liliane Maria Pereira Vilete, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz, Ivan Figueira, Eliane Volchan, Isabel Antunes David, Leticia de Oliveira and Mirtes Garcia Pereira

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Nearly 800,000 suicides occur worldwide annually and suicide rates are increasing faster than population growth. Unfortunately, the pathophysiology of suicide remains poorly understood, which has hindered suic...

    Authors: Marc J. Kaufman and Garrett M. Fitzmaurice

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Although there is strong evidence for a relationship between child abuse and neglect and conduct problems, associations between child abuse experienced at different developmental stages and developmental traje...

    Authors: Andreas Bauer, Gemma Hammerton, Abigail Fraser, Graeme Fairchild and Sarah L. Halligan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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