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Table 3 factors associated with aggressive behaviour among patients with bipolar disorder attending at Amanual Mental Specialized Hospital; May, 2015

From: Magnitude and associated factors of aggressive behaviour among patients with bipolar disorder at Amanual Mental Specialized Hospital, outpatient department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

Explanatory variables Aggressive behaviour Yes No (Crude odd ratio) (95% CI) Adjusted odd ratio (AOR) 95% CI
Number of episode
 One episode 19 100 1.00 1.00
 More than one episode 102 190 2.82 (1.63, 4.87)* 2.35 (1.18, 4.69)**
History of aggression
 Yes 110 222 3.06 (1.55, 6.02)* 3.72 (1.54, 8.98)**
 No 11 68 1.00 1.00
Co-morbid illness
 Yes 26 39 1.76 (1.02, 3.03)* 1.55 (0.74, 3.23)
 No 95 251 1.00 1.00
Family related problems
 Yes 62 93 2.20 (1.44, 3.43)* 1.47 (0.82, 2.66)
 No 59 197 1.00 1.00
Manic symptoms
 Yes 62 41 6.38 (3.93, 10.37)* 3.85 (2.06, 7.19)$
 No 59 249 100 1.00
Depressive symptoms
 Yes 93 105 5.85 (3.60, 9.51)* 3.63 (1.89, 6.96)$
 No 28 185 1.00 1.00
Psychotic symptoms
 Yes 100 88 10.93 (6.41, 18.62)* 5.41 (2.88, 10.1)$
No 21 202 1.00 1.00
Adherence
 Poor adherence 69 48 8.09 (4.39, 14.92)* 3.73 (1.71, 8.13)**
 Moderate adherence 33 135 1.38 (0.74, 2.55)* 1.45 (0.67, 3.12)
 Good adherence 19 107 1.00 1.00
Current use of substance
 Yes 50 67 2.34 (1.49, 3.69)* 2.17 (1.16, 4.06)**
 No 71 223 1.00 1.00
Social support
 Poor 53 87 2.07 (1.12, 3.82)* 2.99 (1.30, 6.91)**
 Moderate 49 135 1.26 (0.69, 2.31)* 1.56 (0.70, 3.47)
 Strong 19 66 1.00 1.00
  1. *p-value < 0.05
  2. **statistically significant at multivariate logistic regression
  3. $p-value <0.001