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Table 4 Direct, indirect, and total effects of female sex on dementia

From: Sex differences in dementia: on the potentially mediating effects of educational attainment and experiences of psychological distress

  M1 (conceptual, t1) M2 (final, t1)
β 95% CI p β 95% CI p
Total 0.476 0.197–0.754 *** 0.477 0.199–0.756 ***
Direct 0.008 − 1.310 – 1.011 ns.
Indirect 0.468 − 0.845 – 1.466 ns. 0.477 0.199–0.756 ***
Specific indirect
 Via age 0.361 − 0.631 – 1.353 ns. 0.366 0.076–0.657 **
 Via distress 0.086 − 0.011 – 0.183 0.101 0.003–0.200 *
 Via education 0.007 − 0.036 – 0.050 ns.
 Via education → distress 0.008 − 0.004 – 0.019 ns. 0.004 − 0.003 – 0.022 ns.
 Via age → education 0.001 − 0.005 – 0.007 ns.
 Via age → distress 0.005 − 0.015 – 0.024 ns.
 Via age → education → distress 0.001 − 0.003 – 0.024 ns.
  1. Note: Unstandardized WLSMV (probit) estimates, p ≤ 0.10; *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001