Huang TMS, Redline S. Sleep irregularity and risk of cardiovascular events: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;75(9):991–9.
Ke JZX, Qiu H, Yu S, Wu K, Rui X, et al. Sex-specific associations between extreme sleep duration and prevalence of cardio-cerebral vascular disease: a community-based cross-sectional study. Sleep Med. 2018;42:61–7.
Tubbs AS, Khader W, Fernandez F, Grandner MA. The common denominators of sleep, obesity, and psychopathology. Curr Opin Psychol. 2020;34:84–8.
Kim CWCY, Kang JG, Ryu S. Changes in sleep duration and subsequent risk of hypertension in healthy adults. Sleep. 2018;41(11).
Cho KHCE, Hur J, Shin D. Association of Sleep Duration and Obesity According to gender and age in Korean adults: results from the Korea National Health and nutrition examination survey 2007-2015. J Korean Med Sci. 2018;33(53):e345.
Liu XSQ, Hu W, Han X, Gan J, Zheng X, et al. Night sleep duration and risk of incident Anemia in a Chinese population: a prospective cohort study. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):3975.
Torre-Bouscoulet LGSC, Vázquez García JC, Salazar-Peña CM, Lopez Varela MV, de Oca MM, et al. Perceptions of short and long sleep duration and comorbid conditions: the PLATINO study. Sleep Med. 2013;14(9):850–7.
Singh M, Hall KA, Reynolds A, Palmer LJ, Mukherjee S. The relationship of sleep duration with ethnicity and chronic disease in a Canadian general population cohort. Nature Sci Sleep. 2020;12:239–51.
Seow L, Verma SK, Mok YM, Kumar S, Chang S, Satghare P, et al. Evaluating DSM-5 insomnia disorder and the treatment of sleep problems in a psychiatric population. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(2):237–44.
Buckley TMSA. On the interactions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sleep: normal HPA axis activity and circadian rhythm, exemplary sleep disorders. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005;90(5):3106–14.
Le-Ha CHC, Beilin LJ, Burrows S, Henley DE, Lye SJ, et al. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity under resting conditions and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2016;66:118–24.
Wang SLB, Wu Y, Ungvari GS, Ng CH, Xiang YT, et al. Relationship of sleep duration with Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, mental health, and chronic diseases in a large Chinese adult population. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017;13(3):377–84.
Wang SWY, Ungvari GS, Ng CH, Forester BP, Xiang YT, et al. Sleep duration and its association with demographics, lifestyle factors, poor mental health and chronic diseases in older Chinese adults. Psychiatry Res. 2017;257:212–8.
Nutakor JADB, Gavu AK, Antwi OA. Relationship between chronic diseases and sleep duration among older adults in Ghana. Qual Life Res. 2020.
Stenholm SHJ, Kivimäki M, Magnusson Hanson LL, Pentti J, Rod NH, et al. Sleep duration and sleep disturbances as predictors of healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy between ages 50 and 75: a pooled analysis of three cohorts. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019;74(2):204–10.
The National bureau of statistics of China [http://www.stats.gov.cn].
Huang Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Liu Z, Yu X, Yan J, et al. Prevalence of mental disorders in China: a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Lancet Psychiatry. 2019;6(3):211–24.
Hirshkowitz MWK, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, et al. National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Health. 2015;1(1):40–3.
Adams PF SC: Health behaviors of adults: United States, 2002–04. Vital and health statistics Series 10, Data from the National Health Survey 2006(230):1–140.
St-Onge MPGM, Brown D, Conroy MB, Jean-Louis G, Coons M, Bhatt DL. Sleep duration and quality: impact on lifestyle behaviors and Cardiometabolic health: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016;134(18):e367–86.
国际生命科学学会中国办事处. 中国成人超重和肥胖症预防与控制指南. In: 中国; 2003.
Wang JGW, Mo LL, Luo SX, Yu JY, Dong ZQ, et al. Prevalence and strong association of high somatic symptom severity with depression and anxiety in a Chinese inpatient population. Asia Pac Psychiatry. 2017;9(4).
胡星辰、张迎黎、梁炜、张红梅、杨世昌: 病人健康问卷抑郁量表 (PHQ-9) 在青少年中应用的信效度检验. 四川精神卫生. 2014;27:357–60.
Kertz SB-PJ, Bjorgvinsson T. Validity of the generalized anxiety Disorder-7 scale in an acute psychiatric sample. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2013;20(5):456–64.
王瑜、陈然、张岚. 广泛性焦虑量表-7在中国综合医院住院患者中的信效度研究. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018;28(3).
Sun WHY, Wang Z, Yu Y, Lau A, Ali G, et al. Sleep duration associated with body mass index among Chinese adults. Sleep Med. 2015;16(5):612–6.
Smagula SFKW, Wang R, Yuan JM. Chronic disease and lifestyle factors associated with change in sleep duration among older adults in the Singapore Chinese health study. J Sleep Res. 2016;25(1):57–61.
Whinnery JJN, Rattanaumpawan P, Grandner MA. Short and long sleep duration associated with race/ethnicity, sociodemographics, and socioeconomic position. Sleep. 2014;37(3):601–11.
SY R, KS K, MA H. Factors associated with sleep duration in Korean adults: results of a 2008 community health survey in Gwangju metropolitan city, Korea. J Korean Med Sci. 2011;26(9):1124–31.
Stamatakis KA, Kaplan GA, Roberts RE. Short sleep duration across income, education, and race/ethnic groups: population prevalence and growing disparities during 34 years of follow-up. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17(12):948–55.
Grandner MAPN, Gehrman PR, Xie D, Sha D, Weaver T, Gooneratne N. Who gets the best sleep? Ethnic and socioeconomic factors related to sleep complaints. Sleep Med. 2010;11(5):470–8.
Friedman EMLG, Rosenkranz MA, Urry HL, Davidson RJ, Singer BH, Ryff CD. Socioeconomic status predicts objective and subjective sleep quality in aging women. Psychosom Med. 2007;69(7):682–91.
Thakkar MMSR, Sahota P. Alcohol disrupts sleep homeostasis. Alcohol (Fayetteville, NY). 2015;49(4):299–310.
Chang LYCH, Wu WC, Lin LN, Wu CC, Yen LL. Dual trajectories of sleep duration and cigarette smoking during adolescence: relation to subsequent internalizing problems. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2018;46(8):1651–63.
Lin CLLC, Chen SW, Wu HC, Tsai YH. The association between sleep duration and overweight or obesity in Taiwanese adults: a cross-sectional study. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2018;12(4):384–8.
Klok MDJS, Drent ML. The role of leptin and ghrelin in the regulation of food intake and body weight in humans: a review. Obes Rev. 2007;8(1):21–34.
Jackowska M, Kumari M, Steptoe A. Sleep and biomarkers in the English longitudinal study of ageing: associations with C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and hemoglobin. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38(9):1484–93.
Beghé C, Wilson A, Ershler WB. Prevalence and outcomes of anemia in geriatrics: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Med. 2004:3S–10S.
Thomas K, Motivala S, Olmstead R, Irwin MR. Sleep depth and fatigue: role of cellular inflammatory activation. Brain Behav Immun. 2011;25(1):53–8.
Zee P, Attarian H, Videnovic A. Circadian rhythm abnormalities. Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn). 2013;19:132–47.
Wang DCJ, Zhou Y, Ma J, Zhou M, Xiao L, et al. Association between sleep duration, sleep quality and hyperlipidemia in middle-aged and older Chinese: the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2019;26(12):1288–97.
Toyama YCK, Chihara Y, Takegami M, Takahashi KI, Sumi K, et al. Association between sleep apnea, sleep duration, and serum lipid profile in an urban, male, working population in Japan. Chest. 2013;143(3):720–8.
Liu R, Li Y, Mao Z, Liu X, Zhang H, Yang K, Zhang H, et al. Gender-specific independent and combined dose-response association of napping and night sleep duration with type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural Chinese adults: the RuralDiab study. Sleep Med. 2018;45:106–13.
Bahouq HAF, Rkain H, Hmamouchi I, Hajjaj-Hassouni N. Prevalence and severity of insomnia in chronic low back pain patients. Rheumatol Int. 2013;33(5):1277–81.
Stranges S, Dorn, Joan M., Shipley, Martin J., Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin, Trevisan, Maurizio, Miller, Michelle A et al: Correlates of short and long sleep duration: a cross-cultural comparison between the United Kingdom and the United States: the Whitehall II study and the Western New York health study. Am J Epidemiol 2008, 168(12):1353–1364.
Zhao H, Yin JY, Yang WS, Qin Q, Li TT, Shi Y, et al. Sleep duration and cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14(12):7509–15.
Amin N, Shafabakhsh R, Reiter RJ, Asemi Z. Melatonin is an appropriate candidate for breast cancer treatment: based on known molecular mechanisms. J Cell Biochem. 2019;120(8):12208–15.
Reis C, Dias S, Rodrigues AM, Sousa RD, Gregório MJ, Branco J, et al. Sleep duration, lifestyles and chronic diseases: a cross-sectional population-based study. Sleep Sci. 2018;11(4):217–30.
Itani OJM, Watanabe N, Kaneita Y. Short sleep duration and health outcomes: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. Sleep Med. 2017;32:246–56.
Liu Y, Wheaton AG, Chapman DP, Croft JB. Sleep duration and chronic diseases among U.S. adults age 45 years and older: evidence from the 2010 Behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Sleep. 2013;36(10):1421–7.
Altman NGI-BB, Schopfer E, Jackson N, Rattanaumpawan P, Gehrman PR, et al. Sleep duration versus sleep insufficiency as predictors of cardiometabolic health outcomes. Sleep Med. 2012;13(10):1261–70.
Grandner MAKD. Self-reported sleep complaints with long and short sleep: a nationally representative sample. Psychosom Med. 2004;66(2):239–41.