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Table 2 Multiple logistic regression analysis to detect factors associated with depression

From: Risk and protective factors of depression in the general population during the COVID-19 epidemic in Korea

Variable Wald OR 95% CI P-value
Age; year 4.294 0.983 0.967-0.999 .038
Marital status, unmarried 1.201 1.241 0.843-1.828 .273
Occupational type, unemployed or temporary workers 0.291 1.104 0.771-1.580 .589
Smoking status, yes 4.319 1.439 1.021-2.028 .038
Underlying mental illness, yes 4.363 1.950 1.042-3.648 .037
Exercise, three times or more per week during COVID-19 pandemic 5.171 0.672 0.477-0.947 .023
Stress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic; score 11.442 1.077 1.032-1.125 .001
Fear of COVID-19 infection; score 3.335 0.781 0.599-1.018 .068
Disturbance in eating and sleeping; score 21.072 1.558 1.289-1.883 <.001
Stigma of COVID-19; score 0.962 1.105 0.905-1.349 .327
Fear of blame for COVID-19; score 0.005 0.994 0.831-1.188 .945
UCLA loneliness scale-3; score 110.950 1.646 1.500-1.806 <.001
Gratitude questionnaire-6; score 27.295 0.933 0.908-0.957 <.001
  1. Nagelkerke R2=0.364; Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level.
  2. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio