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  1. To measure the serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in deficit schizophrenia (DS), in order to examine the association between these t...

    Authors: Xiaowei Tang, Chao Zhou, Ju Gao, Weiwei Duan, Miao Yu, Wenhuan Xiao, Xiaobin Zhang, Hui Dong, Xiang Wang and Xiangrong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:254

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. This commentary examines publicly available information on 2017–2018 outcomes in the UK government’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme, a National Health Service (NHS) primary care m...

    Authors: Naomi Petra Moller, Gemma Ryan, Jasmine Rollings and Michael Barkham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:252

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:302

  3. Therapeutic staff-patient interaction is fundamental in psychiatric care. It is recognized as a key to healing in and of itself, or a premise to enhance psychiatric treatment adherence. Still, little is known ...

    Authors: Kjellaug K. Myklebust and Stål Bjørkly

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

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  4. National Institute of alcohol and alcoholism define Problem/risky use of alcohol as drinking in a way that can negatively impact our health and life, but the body is not physically dependent on the substance. ...

    Authors: Abate Dargie Wubetu, Surafel Habte and Kefyalew Dagne

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:250

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mental illnesses among children and adolescents are under-recognized and under-treated problems. Depression is one of today’s all-too-silent health crises in caregivers. Although primary caregivers of children...

    Authors: Woredaw Minichil, Wondale Getinet, Habtamu Derajew and Sofia Seid

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:249

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Major mental disorders in prison populations have been recognised as a long-term problem with an important impact on public health. Despite this, screening activities in prisons are still weak in Latin America...

    Authors: Andrés Benavides, Juan Chuchuca, David Klaic, William Waters, Miguel Martín and Natalia Romero-Sandoval

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Attention bias modification training (ABMT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) likely target different aspects of aberrant threat responses in anxiety disorders and may be combined to maximize therapeutic ...

    Authors: Julia O. Linke, Emily Jones, David Pagliaccio, Caroline Swetlitz, Krystal M. Lewis, Wendy K. Silverman, Yair Bar-Haim, Daniel S. Pine and Melissa A. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:246

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study aims to investigate t...

    Authors: Kazuto Kuribayashi, Kotaro Imamura, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yuki Miyamoto, Ayumi Takano, Utako Sawada, Natsu Sasaki, Mariko Suga, Atsushi Sugino, Yui Hidaka, Mako Iida, Mie Sudo, Masahito Tokita and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:245

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. Previous studies have suggested that culture impacts the experience of psychosis. The current study set out to extend these findings by examining cultural variation in subclinical positive psychotic experience...

    Authors: Margriet Vermeiden, Mayke Janssens, Viviane Thewissen, Esther Akinsola, Sanne Peeters, Jennifer Reijnders, Nele Jacobs, Jim van Os and Johan Lataster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:244

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To date no study has compared more specifically the psychotropic medication treatment patterns for patients with schizophrenia living in community between rural and urban areas. This study examined the rural-u...

    Authors: Cai-Lan Hou, Shi-Bin Wang, Fei Wang, Ming-Zhi Xu, Miao-Yang Chen, Mei-Ying Cai, Yao-Nan Xiao and Fu-Jun Jia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:242

    Content type: Research article

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  11. On the basis of earlier experiences in Germany and England, we developed an intensive multimodal group programme (FACT Plus) for psychotic-spectrum patients. By combining it with regular Flexible Assertive Com...

    Authors: Mark H. de Jong, André I. Wierdsma, Arthur R. Van Gool and Cornelis L. Mulder

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The stepped-care pathway (SCP) model has previously been found to be clinically effective for depressive disorder in some studies, but not all. Several groups have suggested that a stepped-care approach is the...

    Authors: Charles Yan, Katherine Rittenbach, Sepideh Souri and Peter H. Silverstone

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In China, adolescents are frequently left behind by their parents. A great deal of scientific evidence demonstrates considerable psychological and social impacts that negative life events may have on adolescen...

    Authors: Feifei Gao, Yuan Yao, Chengwen Yao, Yan Xiong, Honglin Ma and Hongbo Liu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:239

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Neurofeedback (NF) has gained increasing interest among non-pharmacological treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). NF training aims to enhance self-regulation of brain activities. The ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Bioulac, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Tomas Ros, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Marie Prats, Louis Mayaud and Daniel Brandeis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:237

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Co-occurrence of mental and somatic symptoms is common, and recent longitudinal studies have identified single trajectories of these symptoms, but it is poorly known whether the symptom trajectories can also c...

    Authors: Tea Lallukka, Gashaw B. Mekuria, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Marianna Virtanen and Anne Hammarström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:236

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The amount of research about orthorexic attitudes and behaviours has increased in the last five years, but is still mainly based on descriptive and anecdotal data, yielding a variety of prevalence data and inc...

    Authors: Carla Gramaglia, Eleonora Gambaro, Claudia Delicato, Marco Marchetti, Marco Sarchiapone, Daniela Ferrante, María Roncero, Conxa Perpiñá, Anna Brytek-Matera, Ewa Wojtyna and Patrizia Zeppegno

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Adherence to a DASH- style diet has been reported to be associated with several health-related outcomes. A limited number of reports suggest that diet is an important behavioral determinant of insomnia. The cu...

    Authors: Hosein Rostami, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Hamidreza Tavakoli, Mohammad Bagherniya, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Seyed Kazem Farahmand, Maryam Tayefi, Gordon A. Ferns and Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  18. People who suffer a first episode of psychosis experience higher levels of distress and suffering. Early intervention programs combine pharmacological and psychosocial strategies that include different compone...

    Authors: Roberto Mediavilla, Ainoa Muñoz-Sanjose, Beatriz Rodriguez-Vega, Carmen Bayon, Angela Palao, Guillermo Lahera, Pilar Sanchez-Castro, Eva Roman, Susana Cebolla, Alvaro de Diego, Juan Manuel Pastor and Maria Fe Bravo-Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:233

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Postpartum depression was associated with maternal suffering and diminished functioning, increased risk of marital conflict as well as adverse child outcomes. Perceived social support during pregnancy was asso...

    Authors: Yuexin Gan, Ran Xiong, Junjiao Song, Xinli Xiong, Fei Yu, Weiming Gao, Hui Hu, Jinsong Zhang, Ying Tian, Xiaobo Gu, Jun Zhang and Dan Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:232

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic and clinical characteristics of suicide attempts in adolescents who visit the emergency department compared to those of adults.

    Authors: Jinhee Lee, Yeon Sik Bang, Seongho Min, Joung-Sook Ahn, Hyun Kim, Yong-Sung Cha, In-Suk Park and Min-Hyuk Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:231

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Coercive measures is a topic that has long been discussed in the field of psychiatry. Despite global reports of reductions in the use of restraint episodes due to new regulations, it is still questionable if p...

    Authors: Maritta Välimäki, Min Yang, Tero Vahlberg, Tella Lantta, Virve Pekurinen, Minna Anttila and Sharon-Lise Normand

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Mothers who live with mental illness face diverse challenges. Research suggests that partner support or otherwise is likely to have a crucial influence on mothers’ abilities to manage these challenges, yet lit...

    Authors: Emily Beard, Anne Honey, Nicola Hancock, Ruby Awram, Melissa Miceli and Rachel Mayes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

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  23. An adequate frequency of treatment might be a prerequisite for a favorable outcome. Unfortunately, there is a diversity of factors that interfere with an adequate frequency of sessions. This occurs especially ...

    Authors: Bea Tiemens, Margot Kloos, Jan Spijker, Theo Ingenhoven, Mirjam Kampman and Gert-Jan Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Suicidal behaviors among adolescents is a major public health concern. Psychological factors have been extensively studied known risks linked to suicidal behaviors in the general population. However, the assoc...

    Authors: Festo K. Shayo and Paul S. Lawala

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:227

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Sleep disturbances, including insomnia, are common in adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Treatment of choice for insomnia is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-i), but evidence is lacking fo...

    Authors: Susanna Jernelöv, Ylva Larsson, Milagros Llenas, Berkeh Nasri and Viktor Kaldo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:226

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) has been used successfully as a computer-based intervention in disorders such as anxiety. However, CBM to modify interpretations of ambiguous information relevant to paranoia ...

    Authors: C. J. Leung, A. Fosuaah, J. Frerichs, M. Heslin, T. Kabir, T. M. C. Lee, P. McGuire, C. Meek, E. Mouchlianitis, A. S. Nath, E. Peters, S. Shergill, D. Stahl, A. Trotta and J. Yiend

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pharmacotherapy is effective in reducing the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate the concurrent association between pharmacotherapy for ADHD in offspring a...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist, Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M. D’Onofrio and Jonas F. Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. We aimed to examine psychiatric symptoms in adults born preterm with very low birthweight or born at term small for gestational age compared with normal birthweight peers, and examine associations with perinat...

    Authors: Astrid M. W. Lærum, Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Kari Anne I. Evensen, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes and Marit S. Indredavik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  29. One of the most important questions remaining in matters of critical illness in the year 2019 is arguably how to address the diverse neuropsychiatric complications of critical illness.

    Authors: Jan N. M. Schieveld, Emma H. C. W. van de Riet and Jacqueline J. M. H. Strik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:222

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  30. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that some important information was omitted by the authors from the Competing interests section. The declaration should read as below.

    Authors: Dorota Matelska, Ivan G. Shabalin, Jagoda Jabłońska, Marcin J. Domagalski, Jan Kutner, Krzysztof Ginalski and Wladek Minor

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:221

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2018 18:199

  31. Among patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS), some exhibited further clozapine resistance (CR). This study aimed to investigate whether greater severity of treatment resistance in schizophrenia ...

    Authors: An-Sheng Lin, Hung-Yu Chan, Ying-Chieh Peng and Wei J. Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with schizophrenia, however it is poorly studied in China, especially in primary health care institutions in rural areas. We investigated the prevalence of sexual dysfu...

    Authors: Ying-Hua Huang, Cai-Lan Hou, C. H. Ng, Xie Chen, Qian-Wen Wang, Zhuo-Hui Huang and Fu-Jun Jia

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:218

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Previous research has shown that our perceptions about illness are important determinants of how we respond and adjust to health threats. To examine whether illness perceptions affect illness responses in OCD ...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Katherine Berry, Penny Bee, Judith Gellatly and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Data on the pharmacological management of acute agitation in schizophrenia are scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the prescription practices in the treatment of agitation in Chinese patients with ...

    Authors: Su-Zhen Zhang, Yong-Gang Mu, Qi Liu, Ying Shi, Li-Hua Guo, Ling-Zhi Li, Fu-De Yang, Yong Wang, Tao Li, Qi-Yi Mei, Hong-Bo He, Zhi-Yu Chen, Zhong-Hua Su, Tie-Bang Liu, Shi-Ping Xie, Qing-Rong Tan…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. There is a lack of well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the efficacy of psychological therapies for children in foster care with emotional and behavioural difficulties. Mentalizatio...

    Authors: Nick Midgley, Sarah Jane Besser, Pasco Fearon, Solange Wyatt, Sarah Byford and David Wellsted

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:215

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Alcohol telephone helplines targeting alcohol consumers in the general population can extend the reach of brief interventions while preserving in-person counselling. So far, studies of client outcomes in the s...

    Authors: Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Kerstin Damström Thakker and Maria Rosaria Galanti

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) has never been applied in Chinese clinical practice, and the distribution of NPD in the clinical population of China is largely unknown. The current study uses two-stage...

    Authors: XueFeng Jiang, JunJie Wang, Wei Sun, LiHua Xu, XiaoChen Tang, HuiRu Cui, YanYan Wei, Li Hui, Yi Qiao, JiJun Wang and TianHong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:212

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Chronic cocaine use is associated with cognitive deficits, including poor performance on neuropsychological tasks of memory, executive functions, theory of mind and decision-making. However, the relationship b...

    Authors: Thiago Wendt Viola, João Paulo Otolia Niederauer, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Breno Sanvicente-Vieira and Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:211

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Previous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have revealed intrinsic regional activity alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but those results were based on grou...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Xinyu Hu, Wanjie Tang, Bin Li, Yanchun Yang, Qiyong Gong and Xiaoqi Huang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Research suggests that young people with major depressive disorder (MDD) experience neurocognitive deficits and that these are associated with poorer functional and clinical outcomes. However, we are yet to un...

    Authors: Catherine Morey-Nase, Lisa J. Phillips, Shayden Bryce, Sarah Hetrick, Andrea L. Wright, Emma Caruana and Kelly Allott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:209

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. In this correspondence we correct some misleading information about mentalization-based treatment in Oslo, Norway.

    Authors: Sigmund Karterud and Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:208

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:185

  42. Somatic syndrome is one of the remarkably prevalent issues in primary health care and subspecialty settings. We aimed to elucidate multidimensional associations between somatic symptoms with major mental probl...

    Authors: Shayan Mostafaei, Kourosh Kabir, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Awat Feizi, Marjan Mansourian, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamid Afshar, Saeed Masoud Arzaghi, Saeid Rasekhi Dehkordi, Peyman Adibi and Fataneh Ghadirian

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Suicidal ideation is an important public health issue due to devastating mortality. In the meantime, interpersonal trust was found to be negatively associated with mental disorder and physical health. Although...

    Authors: Zihang Yu, Lingzhong Xu, Long Sun, Jiao Zhang, Wenzhe Qin, Jiajia Li, Gan Ding, Qian Wang, Jing Zhu and Su Xie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Expert psychiatrists conducting work disability evaluations often disagree on work capacity (WC) when assessing the same patient. More structured and standardised evaluations focusing on function could improve...

    Authors: Regina Kunz, David Y. von Allmen, Renato Marelli, Ulrike Hoffmann-Richter, Joerg Jeger, Ralph Mager, Etienne Colomb, Heinz J. Schaad, Monica Bachmann, Nicole Vogel, Jason W. Busse, Martin Eichhorn, Oskar Bänziger, Thomas Zumbrunn, Wout E. L. de Boer and Katrin Fischer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Following publication of the original article [1], we have been notified that the copyright holder needs to be changed from ©The Author(s) to ©Crown.

    Authors: Peter J. H. Beliveau, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Ian Colman and Mark A. Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:204

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:156

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