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Erratum: Neurobehavioral consequences of chronic intrauterine opioid exposure in infants and preschool children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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Correction

After publication of this work [1] we became aware that during our entry of raw data into the Complementary Meta-Analysis (CMA) programme we transposed one of the columns of data. This meant that the values generated by all of the meta-analysis and results produced in the published manuscript including those displayed Figures two to seven (Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 here) and Table four (Table 1 here) were incorrect. We subsequently repeated the meta-analysis and updated the Figures, Table and manuscript to reflect the new results following this re-analysis.

Figure 1
figure1

COGNITION: Opioid exposed infants compared to non-opioid exposed infants.

Figure 2
figure2

PSYCHOMOTOR: Opioid exposed infants compared to non-opioid exposed infants.

Figure 3
figure3

BEHAVIOR: Opioid exposed infants compared to non-opioid exposed infants.

Figure 4
figure4

COGNITION: Opioid exposed compared to non-opioid exposed preschool children.

Figure 5
figure5

PSYCHOMOTOR: Opioid exposed compared to non-opioid exposed preschool children.

Figure 6
figure6

BEHAVIOR: Opioid exposed compared to non-opioid exposed preschool children.

Table 1 Effect sizes and associated statistics for neurobehavioral domains in intrauterine opioid exposed infants and preschool children compared to others who have no history of intrauterine opioid exposure during pregnancy

The new conclusions of the paper show significant impairments, at a significance level of p < 0.05, for cognitive, psychomotor and observed behavioral outcomes for chronic intrauterine opioid exposed infants and/or preschool children compared to non-opioid exposed infants and children. This is in contrast to a non significant trend to poorer outcomes for chronic intrauterine opioid exposed infants and/or preschool children that we originally reported.

We regret any inconvenience that this inaccuracy in the data presented in the original manuscript might have caused. We wish to thank Dr Egil Nygaard for bringing this matter to our attention.

Reference

  1. 1.

    Baldacchino A, Arbuckle K, Petrie DJ, McCowan C. Neurobehavioral consequences of chronic intrauterine opioid exposure in infants and preschool children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry. 2014;14:104.

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Correspondence to Alex Baldacchino.

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The online version of the original article can be found under doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-104.

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Baldacchino, A., Arbuckle, K., Petrie, D.J. et al. Erratum: Neurobehavioral consequences of chronic intrauterine opioid exposure in infants and preschool children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 15, 134 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0438-5

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