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  1. Content type: Research article

    Around 25% of prisoners meet diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD is associated with increased recidivism and other functional and behavioural problems, appropr...

    Authors: Susan Young, Gisli Gudjonsson, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Bill Colley, Emad Farrag, Andrew Forrester, Jack Hollingdale, Keira Kim, Alexandra Lewis, Sarah Maginn, Peter Mason, Sarah Ryan, Jade Smith, Emma Woodhouse and Philip Asherson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:281

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    A subgroup of depressed patients with increased inflammatory activity was shown to be more susceptible to develop Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD). Earlier studies with anti-inflammatory drugs have shown b...

    Authors: Chenghao Yang, Fokko J. Bosker, Jie Li and Robert A. Schoevers

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:279

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have demonstrated that individual measures of fitness – such as reduced pulmonary function, slow walking speed and weak handgrip – are associated with an increased risk of dementia. Only a min...

    Authors: Ruth A. Sibbett, Tom C. Russ, Mike Allerhand, Ian J. Deary and John M. Starr

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:285

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Disrupted serotonergic signaling is often a feature of depression and the role of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), responsible for serotonin re-uptake, has received much attention in this regard. Most stu...

    Authors: Dilys Lam, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Karen Ritchie, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Richard Saffery and Joanne Ryan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:282

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders with a genetic basis. The role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and the occurrence of autism has been the...

    Authors: Caihong Sun, Mingyang Zou, Xuelai Wang, Wei Xia, Yongjuan Ma, Shuang Liang, Yanqiu Hao, Lijie Wu and Songbin Fu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:283

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence is a period of marked sleep pattern changes and sleep problems, which may result from both endogenous and exogenous factors. Among the various factors affecting adolescent sleep, depression and pro...

    Authors: Min-Hyeon Park, Subin Park, Kyu-In Jung, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Soo Churl Cho and Bung-Nyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:280

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with an intensive use of mental health services, even in the absence of a full diagnosis. Early symptom detection and intervention may help alleviate adverse...

    Authors: Silvia Hurtado-Santiago, José Guzmán-Parra, Rosa M. Bersabé and Fermín Mayoral

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:277

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. To reduce the societal burden and improve quality of life for individual patients, treatments for depression need to be optimized. There is a particular n...

    Authors: Jojanneke A. Bastiaansen, Maaike Meurs, Renee Stelwagen, Lex Wunderink, Robert A. Schoevers, Marieke Wichers and Albertine J. Oldehinkel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:276

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Flexible and integrative treatment (FIT) models are rather novel in German mental health care. This study aimed at identifying and evaluating empirically based, practicable, and quantifiable program components...

    Authors: Jakob Johne, Sebastian von Peter, Julian Schwarz, Jürgen Timm, Martin Heinze and Yuriy Ignatyev

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:278

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  10. Content type: Research article

    There is conflicting evidence on the association between antipsychotic polypharmacy and metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia. We conducted a review of published systematic reviews to evaluate evidence on the as...

    Authors: Sharea Ijaz, Blanca Bolea, Simon Davies, Jelena Savović, Alison Richards, Sarah Sullivan and Paul Moran

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:275

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In cancer patients, depressive disorder comorbidity is associated with greater suicide risk and poorer treatment outcomes, quality of life, and adherence to treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Li-Yu Hu, Chia-Jen Liu, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Ti Lu, Yu-Wen Hu, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Pan-Ming Chen, Shyh-Chyang Lee and Cheng-Ho Chang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:272

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Approximately one-third of schizophrenia patients eventually develop treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). Although the time course of TRS development varies from patient to patient, the details of these va...

    Authors: Nobuhisa Kanahara, Hiroshi Yamanaka, Tomotaka Suzuki, Masayuki Takase and Masaomi Iyo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:274

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Substance use amongst university students is a recognized problem worldwide. Few studies have been carried out in this group in Botswana. These studies have been mostly limited to the use of alcohol and tobacc...

    Authors: Anthony A. Olashore, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi, Eden Totego and Philip R. Opondo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:270

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Scientific research on palliative care in dementia is still underdeveloped. In particular, there are no research studies at all on palliative care issues in young onset dementia (YOD), although significant dif...

    Authors: Janine Diehl-Schmid, Julia Hartmann, Carola Roßmeier, Lina Riedl, Hans Förstl, Silvia Egert-Schwender, Victoria Kehl, Helga Schneider-Schelte and Ralf J. Jox

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:271

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    While patient involvement in mental health care is repeatedly stressed in policy documents, there are actually few studies that evaluate person-centred care interventions within psychiatric services. We presen...

    Authors: Anneli Goulding, Katarina Allerby, Lilas Ali, Andreas Gremyr and Margda Waern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:269

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The SWIS sleep training for university students showed promising results regarding subjective and objective sleep parameters. As sleep disorders and impaired sleep quality are closely related to various aspect...

    Authors: Anja Friedrich, Merle Claßen and Angelika A. Schlarb

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:268

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Suicide accounts for approximately 1.4% of deaths globally and is the 15th leading cause of death overall. There are no reliable data on the epidemiology of completed suicide in rural areas of many developing ...

    Authors: Mary A. Bitta, Ioannis Bakolis, Symon M. Kariuki, Gideon Nyutu, George Mochama, Graham Thornicroft and Charles R. J. C. Newton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:267

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Burnout has long been understood as work-related physical, emotional, and cognitive exhaustion. However, burnout symptoms can also be found among younger people, including school-aged adolescents. While the Sh...

    Authors: Markus Gerber, Flora Colledge, Manuel Mücke, René Schilling, Serge Brand and Sebastian Ludyga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:266

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Mental well-being could be promoted and protected by positive psychology (PP) based interventions. Such interventions may be appealing for people at risk of anxiety and depressive disorders, but health-economi...

    Authors: Marijke Schotanus-Dijkstra, Constance H. C. Drossaert, Marcel E. Pieterse, Jan A. Walburg, Ernst T. Bohlmeijer and Filip Smit

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:265

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), which involves self-damaging behavior (e.g., cutting) causes tissue damage and places people at elevated risk for future suicidal behaviors. Yet few specific treatments for NSSI...

    Authors: Jill M. Hooley, Kathryn R. Fox, Shirley B. Wang and Anita N. D. Kwashie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:264

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  21. Content type: Research article

    There is a large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMD), with wide variation by world region. This review identifies factors associated with formal health service utilisation for CMD in the general ad...

    Authors: Tessa Roberts, Georgina Miguel Esponda, Dzmitry Krupchanka, Rahul Shidhaye, Vikram Patel and Sujit Rathod

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:262

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  22. Content type: Research article

    It has been shown in the past two decades that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in general population across the world. This study sought to assess the prevalence of major anxiety disorde...

    Authors: Ahmad Hajebi, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Reza Radgoodarzi and Mitra Hefazi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:261

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Prompt mental health care (PMHC) is a Norwegian initiative, inspired by the English ‘Improving Access to Psychological Therapy’ (IAPT), aimed to provide low-threshold access to primary care treatment for perso...

    Authors: Marit Knapstad, Tine Nordgreen and Otto R. F. Smith

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:260

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Expressed emotion (EE) is a global index of familial emotional climate, which is comprised of emotional over-involvement (EOI) and critical comments (CC)/hostility. Although EE is an established predictor of n...

    Authors: Mary Gemma Cherry, Peter James Taylor, Stephen Lloyd Brown and William Sellwood

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:257

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recently the PCL was updated according to the DSM-5 cri...

    Authors: Hawkar Ibrahim, Verena Ertl, Claudia Catani, Azad Ali Ismail and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:259

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Childhood trauma (CT) has been found to contribute to the onset of schizophrenia and auditory sensory gating deficit is a leading endophenotype for schizophrenia. However, the association between the CT and se...

    Authors: Xian-Bin Li, Qi-Jing Bo, Qing Tian, Ning-Bo Yang, Zhen Mao, Wei Zheng, Yu-Jie Wen and Chuan-Yue Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:258

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poor quality of life, additional comorbidities, disability, unemployment, poorer therapeutic o...

    Authors: Getinet Ayano, Melat Solomon and Mebratu Abraha

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:254

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  28. Content type: Research article

    People with severe mental illness have markedly reduced life expectancy; cardiometabolic disease is a major cause. Psychiatric hospital inpatients have elevated levels of cardiometabolic risk factors and are t...

    Authors: Petter Andreas Ringen, Ragnhild S. Falk, Bjørnar Antonsen, Ann Faerden, Asgeir Mamen, Eline B. Rognli, Dag K. Solberg, Egil W. Martinsen and Ole A. Andreassen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:255

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Police mental health street triage is an increasingly common intervention when dealing with police incidents in which there is a suspected mental health component. We conducted a systematic review of street tr...

    Authors: Stephen Puntis, Devon Perfect, Abirami Kirubarajan, Sorcha Bolton, Fay Davies, Aimee Hayes, Eli Harriss and Andrew Molodynski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:256

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) affects about one-third of individuals with schizophrenia. People with TRS do not experience sustained symptom relief and at the same time have the most severe disease-r...

    Authors: Cecilia Brain, Steven Kymes, Dana B. DiBenedetti, Thomas Brevig and Dawn I. Velligan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:253

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with comorbid depression and personality disorders suffer from a heavy disease burden while tailored treatment options are limited, accounting for a high psychological and economic burden. Little is k...

    Authors: Marit Kool, Henricus L. Van, Anna Bartak, Saskia C. M. de Maat, Arnoud Arntz, Johanna W. van den Eshof, Jaap Peen, Matthijs Blankers, Judith E. Bosmans and Jack J. M. Dekker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:252

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Many patients residing in forensic psychiatric centers have difficulties regulating their aggression in an adequate manner. Therefore, they are frequently involved in conflicts. Evidenced-based aggression ther...

    Authors: Stéphanie Klein Tuente, Stefan Bogaerts, Sarah van IJzendoorn and Wim Veling

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:251

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Community-based rehabilitation (CBR), or community-based inclusive development, is an approach to address the complex health, social and economic needs of people with schizophrenia in low and middle-income cou...

    Authors: Laura Asher, Charlotte Hanlon, Rahel Birhane, Alehegn Habtamu, Julian Eaton, Helen A. Weiss, Vikram Patel, Abebaw Fekadu and Mary De Silva

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:250

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Schizophrenia (SCZ) is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The potential diabetogenic effect of concomitant application of psychotropic treatment classes in patients with SCZ has not yet b...

    Authors: Vasiliki Mamakou, Sophie Hackinger, Eleni Zengini, Evgenia Tsompanaki, Eirini Marouli, Ioannis Serafetinidis, Bram Prins, Athina Karabela, Eirini Glezou, Lorraine Southam, Nigel W. Rayner, Karoline Kuchenbaecker, Klea Lamnissou, Vassilis Kontaxakis, George Dedoussis, Fragiskos Gonidakis…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:249

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    People with severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to experience criminal victimization than other community members. In addition, (self-) stigma and perceived discrimination are highly prevalent in this ...

    Authors: Wendy M. M. Albers, Diana P. K. Roeg, Yolanda Nijssen, Inge M. B. Bongers and Jaap van Weeghel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:247

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel (SCN) genes are supposed to be of importance in the etiology of psychiatric and neurological diseases, in particular in the etiology of seizures. Previous studies report ...

    Authors: Kathrin Nickel, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Katharina Domschke, Birgitta Gläser, Friedrich Stock, Dominique Endres, Simon Maier and Andreas Riedel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:248

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Hyperprolactinemia and glucose and lipid metabolism abnormalities are often found in patients with schizophrenia and are generally considered secondary to the use of antipsychotic drugs. More recent studies ha...

    Authors: Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli, Mariella Margari, Antonia Peschechera, Concetta de Giambattista, Andrea De Giacomo, Emilia Matera and Francesco Margari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:246

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite renewed interest in studying the safety and efficacy of psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy for the treatment of psychological disorders, the enrollment of racially diverse participants and the unique p...

    Authors: Timothy I. Michaels, Jennifer Purdon, Alexis Collins and Monnica T. Williams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:245

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Though several epidemiological surveys of psychiatric disorders have been carried out in China, only a few of them are concerned about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central Hunan and reveal the di...

    Authors: Yan-Mei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jian-Bo Liu, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Xi-Long Cui, Yu-Qiong He, Yu-min Fang, Yu-Tao Xiang and Xue-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:243

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Alteration in thyroid activity is a well-known cause of symptoms mimicking psychiatric disorders. There are reports on altered levels of thyroid hormones in patients with certain psychiatric disorders compared...

    Authors: Yuki Sakai, Valentina Iversen and Solveig Klæbo Reitan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:244

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Intensive delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly popular for overcoming barriers to treatment for veterans. Understanding how and for whom these ...

    Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Philip Held, Dale L. Smith, Brian J. Klassen, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Patricia S. Normand, Michael B. Brennan, Thad S. Rydberg, Randy A. Boley, Mark H. Pollack and Niranjan S. Karnik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:242

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Positive psychology interventions are brief self-adminstered exercises designed to promote positive emotions, behaviours, or thoughts. They are potentially effective for reducing depression and are considered ...

    Authors: Sophie Walsh, Justina Kaselionyte, Stephanie J. C. Taylor and Stefan Priebe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:240

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Emerging evidence suggests a possible etiologic role of certain personality traits (not necessary dysfunctional) in the risk of depression, but the longitudinal long-term available evidence is currently scarce...

    Authors: Francisca Lahortiga-Ramos, Cristian Raquel Unzueta, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Patricio Molero, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas and Miguel Ángel Martínez-González

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:241

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  44. Content type: Research article

    More systematic use of evidence-based brief therapies is needed in the treatment of depression within psychiatric care. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of behavioral activation therapy (BA) for...

    Authors: Kaisa E. Luoto, Lars H. Lindholm, Vesa Paavonen, Antti Koivukangas, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen and Olli Kampman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:238

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Immune dysfunction could play a significant role in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ), conditions with an underlying pro-inflammatory state. Studies on humoral immune responses (...

    Authors: Nora Hamdani, Djaouida Bengoufa, Ophélia Godin, Raphaël Doukhan, Emmanuel Le Guen, Claire Daban-Huard, Meriem Bennabi, Marine Delavest, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Wahid Boukouaci, Hakim Laouamri, Josselin Houenou, Stéphane Jamain, Jean-Romain Richard, Philippe Lecorvosier, Robert Yolken…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:239

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Self-control in childhood has been linked to long-term and cascading effects on health, academic, criminality, wealth and parenting outcomes. Hence it is important to target self-control deficits early in life...

    Authors: Nienke M. Siebelink, Susan M. Bögels, Lisanne M. Boerboom, Noor de Waal, Jan K. Buitelaar, Anne E. Speckens and Corina U. Greven

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:237

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most controversial treatments in psychiatry. This controversy and diverse and often strongly held opinions can make decision making processes around ECT more complex.

    Authors: Karen Wells, Justin Newton Scanlan, Lisa Gomez, Scott Rutter, Nicola Hancock, Anthony Tuite, Joanna Ho, Sarah Jacek, Andrew Jones, Hassan Mehdi, Megan Still and Graeme Halliday

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:236

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    Comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent in children with intellectual disability (ID). Given the limitations of drugs treatments, cognitive remediation could be a promising tool to reduce these challenging...

    Authors: Emilie Favre, Elodie Peyroux, Marie-Noelle Babinet, Alice Poisson and Caroline Demily

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:235

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