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  1. Individuals with opioid dependence have cognitive deficits during abuse period in attention, working memory, episodic memory, and executive function. After protracted abstinence consistent cognitive deficit ha...

    Authors: Pekka Rapeli, Reetta Kivisaari, Taina Autti, Seppo Kähkönen, Varpu Puuskari, Olga Jokela and Hely Kalska
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:9
  2. There is an ongoing debate over whether atypical antipsychotics are more effective than typical antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia. This naturalistic study compares atypical and typical antipsych...

    Authors: Haya Ascher-Svanum, Baojin Zhu, Douglas Faries, Ron Landbloom, Marvin Swartz and Jeff Swanson
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:8
  3. The event-related brain response mismatch negativity (MMN) registers changes in auditory stimulation with temporal lobe sources reflecting short-term echoic memory and frontal sources a deviance-induced switch...

    Authors: Robert D Oades, Nele Wild-Wall, Stephanie A Juran, Jan Sachsse, Ljubov B Oknina and Bernd Röpcke
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:7
  4. Schizophrenia aggregates in families and accurate diagnoses are essential for genetic studies of schizophrenia. In this study, we investigated whether siblings of patients with schizophrenia can be identified ...

    Authors: Ritva Arajärvi, Jonna Ukkola, Jari Haukka, Jaana Suvisaari, Jukka Hintikka, Timo Partonen and Jouko Lönnqvist
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:6
  5. The aim of this study was to investigate brain responses triggered by different wordclasses in dyslexic and control children. The majority of dyslexic children have difficulties to phonologically assemble a wo...

    Authors: Isabella Paul, Christof Bott, Christian Wienbruch and Thomas R Elbert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:5
  6. A number of reports showed en encouraging remediation in some patients' executive deficits thanks to the use of 'information processing strategies'. Moreover the impact of antipsychotics on cognitive functions...

    Authors: Alessandro Rossi, Enrico Daneluzzo, Annarita Tomassini, Francesca Struglia, Roberto Cavallaro, Enrico Smeraldi and Paolo Stratta
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:3
  7. Recent statistical approaches based on factor analysis of obsessive compulsive (OC) symptoms in adult patients have identified dimensions that seem more effective in symptom-based taxonomies and appear to be m...

    Authors: Richard Delorme, Arnaud Bille, Catalina Betancur, Flavie Mathieu, Nadia Chabane, Marie Christine Mouren-Simeoni and Marion Leboyer
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:1
  8. General practitioners' (GPs) diagnostic skills lead to underidentification of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) and major depressive episodes (MDE). Supplement of brief questionnaires could improve the diagn...

    Authors: Ingrid Olssøn, Arnstein Mykletun and Alv A Dahl
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:46
  9. Given the high prevalence of mental disorders and the comparatively low rate of professional help-seeking, it is useful for members of the public to have some skills in how to assist people developing mental d...

    Authors: Anthony F Jorm, Betty A Kitchener and Stephen K Mugford
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:43
  10. The incidence of insomnia and depression in the elder population is significant. It is hoped that use of light treatment for this group could provide safe, economic, and effective rapid recovery.

    Authors: Richard T Loving, Daniel F Kripke, Jeffrey A Elliott, Nancy C Knickerbocker and Michael A Grandner
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:41
  11. Advances in both genetic and cognitive-experimental studies on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have opened new opportunities for cognitive endophenotype research. In such genetic designs the fo...

    Authors: Jonna Kuntsi, Penny Andreou, Jonathan Ma, Norbert A Börger and Jaap J van der Meere
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:40
  12. Previous research has shown positive effects of music therapy for people with schizophrenia and other mental disorders. In clinical practice, music therapy is often offered to psychiatric patients with low the...

    Authors: Christian Gold, Randi Rolvsjord, Leif Edvard Aaro, Trond Aarre, Lars Tjemsland and Brynjulf Stige
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:39
  13. Periodic catatonia is a familial subtype of schizophrenia characterized by hyperkinetic and akinetic episodes, followed by a catatonic residual syndrome. The phenotype has been evaluated in two independent gen...

    Authors: Gerald Stöber, Bernd Kohlmann, Markus Siekiera, Claudia Rubie, Micha Gawlik, Kerstin Möller-Ehrlich, Thomas Meitinger and Thomas Bettecken
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:36
  14. The chromosome 22q11 region is proposed as a major candidate locus for susceptibility genes to schizophrenia. Recently, the gene ZDHHC8 encoding a putative palmitoyltransferase at 22q11 was proposed to increas...

    Authors: Thomas Faul, Micha Gawlik, Martin Bauer, Sven Jung, Bruno Pfuhlmann, Burkhard Jabs, Michael Knapp and Gerald Stöber
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:35
  15. Koro is a culture bound syndrome, which has been reported usually from Asian countries. It has been described as an acute, brief lasting illness, which often occurs in epidemics. There is no description in lit...

    Authors: Nilamadhab Kar
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:34
  16. Surveys of the public in a range of Western countries have shown a predominant belief in social stressors as causes of mental disorders. However, there has been little direct cross-cultural comparison. Here we...

    Authors: Yoshibumi Nakane, Anthony F Jorm, Kumiko Yoshioka, Helen Christensen, Hideyuki Nakane and Kathleen M Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:33
  17. The characteristics of victims of immediate post-discharge suicides are not well known. We explored these characteristics for the purposes of better recognition and preventive efforts of potential immediate po...

    Authors: Sami Pirkola, Britta Sohlman and Kristian Wahlbeck
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:32
  18. Both animal and clinical studies have implicated serotonergic dysfunction in the pathogenesis of alcohol abuse and dependence. However the exact mechanisms involved remain unknown. Theoretically, low serotonin...

    Authors: Bavanisha Vythilingum, Charmaine J Hugo, J Stefan Maritz, Willie Pienaar and Dan J Stein
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:31
  19. This study was designed to evaluate the psychiatrists' level of recognition of somatic symptoms associated to a major depressive episode (MDE) (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and the impact of those somatic symptoms on t...

    Authors: Jorge M Tamayo, Karis Román, Juan J Fumero and María Rivas
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:28
  20. Prolyl Endopeptidase (PEP, EC 3.4.21.26), a cytosolic endopeptidase, hydrolyses peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of proline residue in proteins with a relatively small molecular weight. It has been shown tha...

    Authors: Naghi Momeni, Berit M Nordström, Vibeke Horstmann, Hassan Avarseji and Bengt V Sivberg
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:27
  21. Antipsychotic monotherapy is recognized as the treatment of choice for patients with schizophrenia. Simultaneous treatment with multiple antipsychotics (polypharmacy) is suggested by some expert consensus guid...

    Authors: Douglas Faries, Haya Ascher-Svanum, Baojin Zhu, Christoph Correll and John Kane
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:26
  22. The experience of infertility can be extremely stressful. Some of the risk factors for depression in infertility are being female, repeated unsuccessful treatment cycles or a 2 to 3 year history of infertility...

    Authors: Afsaneh Khademi, Ashraf Alleyassin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh and Ali Ahmadi Abhari
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:25
  23. Three studies have previously reported data that were interpreted by the authors as supportive of association between schizophrenia and polymorphisms in the gene encoding the metabotropic glutamate receptor GRM3.

    Authors: Nadine Norton, Hywel J Williams, Sarah Dwyer, Dobril Ivanov, Anna C Preece, Amy Gerrish, Nigel M Williams, Pamela Yerassimou, Stanley Zammit, Michael C O'Donovan and Michael J Owen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:23
  24. The efficacy of antipsychotics can be evaluated using the dimensional models of schizophrenic symptoms. The D2/D3-selective antagonist amisulpride has shown similar efficacy and tolerability to other atypical ant...

    Authors: Miguel Herrera-Estrella, Rogelio Apiquian, Ana Fresan and Isabel Sanchez-Torres
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:22
  25. Rates of trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were examined in order to compare the profile in clients of an Australian Public Mental Health Service with that reported in the international literatur...

    Authors: Irene M Howgego, Cathy Owen, Lenore Meldrum, Peter Yellowlees, Frances Dark and Ruth Parslow
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:21
  26. The present study was undertaken in order to determine whether a set of clinical features, which are not included in the DSM-IV or ICD-10 for Asperger Syndrome (AS), are associated with AS in particular or whe...

    Authors: Taina Nieminen-von Wendt, Juulia E Paavonen, Tero Ylisaukko-Oja, Susan Sarenius, Tiia Källman, Irma Järvelä and Lennart von Wendt
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:20
  27. Naltrexone is an effective medication for treatment of alcohol dependence, but its efficacy is limited by lack of adherence to the oral dosage form. A long-acting depot formulation of naltrexone may increase a...

    Authors: Gantt P Galloway, Monika Koch, Ryan Cello and David E Smith
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:18
  28. Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug and its therapeutic aspects have a growing interest. Short-term psychotic reactions have been described but not clearly with synthetic oral THC, especially in oc...

    Authors: Bernard Favrat, Annick Ménétrey, Marc Augsburger, Laura E Rothuizen, Monique Appenzeller, Thierry Buclin, Marie Pin, Patrice Mangin and Christian Giroud
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:17
  29. Determination of a patient's cognitive status by use of a valid and reliable screening instrument is of major importance as early recognition and accurate diagnosis of delirium is necessary for effective manag...

    Authors: Koen Milisen, Marquis D Foreman, Annik Hendrickx, Jan Godderis, Ivo L Abraham, Paul LO Broos and Sabina De Geest
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:16
  30. Autism is a heritable developmental disorder of communication and socialization that has not been well studied in Hispanic populations. Therefore, we are collecting and evaluating all possible cases of autism ...

    Authors: L Alison McInnes, Patricia Jiménez González, Elina R Manghi, Marcela Esquivel, Silvia Monge, Marietha Fallas Delgado, Eduardo Fournier, Pamela Bondy and Kathryn Castelle
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:15
  31. Coeliac disease in adolescents has been associated with an increased prevalence of depressive and disruptive behavioural disorders, particularly in the phase before diet treatment. We studied the possible effe...

    Authors: Päivi A Pynnönen, Erkki T Isometsä, Matti A Verkasalo, Seppo A Kähkönen, Ilkka Sipilä, Erkki Savilahti and Veikko A Aalberg
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:14
  32. There is evidence that groups of people with schizophrenia have deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM) capabilities. Previous studies have found these to be linked to psychotic symptoms (or psychotic symptom severit...

    Authors: Dominic Marjoram, Howard Tansley, Patrick Miller, Donald MacIntyre, David G Cunningham Owens, Eve C Johnstone and Stephen Lawrie
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:12
  33. The aim of the present study was to assess the internal consistency and discriminant and convergent validity of the Bosnian version of a self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the Posttra...

    Authors: Steve Powell and Rita Rosner
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:11
  34. The prevalence of mental disorders is so high that members of the public will commonly have contact with someone affected. How they respond to that person (the mental health first aid response) may affect outc...

    Authors: Anthony F Jorm, Kelly A Blewitt, Kathleen M Griffiths, Betty A Kitchener and Ruth A Parslow
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:9
  35. Accurate assessment of suicidality is of major importance in both clinical and research settings. The Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) is a well-established clinician-rating scale but its suitability to adole...

    Authors: Matti M Holi, Mirjami Pelkonen, Linnea Karlsson, Olli Kiviruusu, Titta Ruuttu, Hannele Heilä, Virpi Tuisku and Mauri Marttunen
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:8
  36. Little data exists on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that has resulted from exposure to war or conflict-related violence, especially in ...

    Authors: Lamaro P Onyut, Frank Neuner, Elisabeth Schauer, Verena Ertl, Michael Odenwald, Maggie Schauer and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2005 5:7

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