World Health Organization. 10 facts on HIV/AIDS. 2017. http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/hiv/en/. Accessed 16 Sept 2017
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on the AIDS/STD epidemic in China and main response in control and prevention in December, 2014. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2015;21:87.
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on the AIDS/STD epidemic in China in the second quarter of 2017. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2017;23:677.
Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Update on the AIDS/STD epidemic in China and main response in control and prevention in December, 2015. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2016;22:69.
Phillips KD, Sowell RL, Rojas M, Tavakoli A, Fulk LJ, Hand GA. Physiological and psychological correlates of fatigue in HIV disease. Biol Res Nurs. 2004;6:59–74.
Schuster R, Bornovalova M, Hunt E. The influence of depression on the progression of HIV: direct and indirect effects. Behav Modif. 2012;36:123–45.
Ciesla JA, Roberts J. Meta-analysis of the relationship between HIV infection and risk for depressive disorders. Am J Psychiatry. 2001;158:725–30.
Bing EG, Burnam MA, Longshore D, Fleishman JA, Sherbourne CD, London AS, et al. Psychiatric disorders and drug use among human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults in the United States. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2001;58:721–8.
Chen F, Li F, Chen L, Li Y, Li Y, Guo Z, et al. Analysis of depression and anxiety in HIV / AIDS patients. Journal of dermatology and. Venereology. 2014;36:110–2.
Mayston R, Kinyanda E, Chishinga N, Prince M, Patel V. Mental disorder and the outcome of HIV/AIDS in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review. AIDS. 2012;26:S117–35.
Carrico AW, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD, Chartier M, Dilworth SE, Riley ED. Psychiatric correlates of HAART utilization and viral load among HIV-positive impoverished persons. AIDS. 2011;25:1113–8.
Sumari-de Boer IM, Sprangers MA, Prins JM, Nieuwkerk PT. HIV stigma and depressive symptoms are related to adherence and virological response to antiretroviral treatment among immigrant and indigenous HIV infected patients. AIDS Behav. 2012;16:1681–9.
Sabin CA, Ryom L, De Wit S, Mocroft A, Phillips AN, Worm SW, et al. Associations between immune depression and cardiovascular events in HIV infection. AIDS. 2013;27:2735–48.
Katon W, Schulberg H. Epidemiology of depression in primary care. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1992;14:237–47.
Bouhnik AD, Préau M, Vincent E, Carrieri MP, Gallais H, Lepeu G, et al. Depression and clinical progression in HIV-infected drug users treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Antivir Ther. 2005;10:53–61.
Ammassari A, Antinori A, Aloisi MS, Trotta MP, Murri R, Bartoli L, et al. Depressive symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected persons. Psychosomatics. 2004;45:394–402.
Kleeberger CA, Buechner J, Palella F, Detels R, Riddler S, Godfrey R, et al. Changes in adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy medications in the multicenter AIDS cohort study. AIDS. 2004;18:683–8.
Alciati A, Gallo L, Monforte AD, Brambilla F, Mellado C. Major depression-related immunological changes and combination antiretroviral therapy in HIV-seropositive patients. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2007;22:33–40.
Leserman J. HIV disease progression: depression, stress, and possible mechanisms. Biol Psychiatry. 2003;54:295–306.
Leserman J. Role of depression, stress, and trauma in HIV disease progression. Psychosom Med. 2008;70:539–45.
Burack JH, Barrett DC, Stall RD, Chesney MA, Ekstrand ML, Coates TJ. Depressive symptoms and CD4 lymphocyte decline among HIV-infected men. JAMA. 1993;270:2568–73.
Leserman J, Petitto JM, Perkins DO, Folds JD, Golden RN, Evans DL. Severe stress, depressive symptoms, and changes in lymphocyte subsets in human immunodeficiency virus-infected men. A 2-year follow-up study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54:279–85.
Vedhara K, Nott KH, Bradbeer CS, Davidson EA, Ong EL, Snow MH, et al. Greater emotional distress is associated with accelerated CD4+ cell decline in HIV infection. J Psychosom Res. 1997;42:379–90.
Ironson G, O'Cleirigh C, Fletcher MA, Laurenceau JP, Balbin E, Klimas N, et al. Psychosocial factors predict CD4 and viral load change in men and women with human immunodeficiency virus in the era of highly active antiretroviral treatment. Psychosom Med. 2005;67:1013–21.
Patterson TL, Shaw WS, Semple SJ, Cherner M, McCutchan JA, Atkinson JH, et al. Relationship of psychosocial factors to HIV disease progression. Ann Behav Med. 1996;18:30–9.
Page-Shafer K, Delorenze GN, Satariano WA, Winkelstein W Jr. Comorbidity and survival in HIV-infected men in the San Francisco Men's health survey. Ann Epidemiol 1996;6:420–430.
Ickovics JR, Hamburger ME, Vlahov D, Schoenbaum EE, Schuman P, Boland RJ, et al. Mortality, CD4 cell count decline, and depressive symptoms among HIV-seropositive women: longitudinal analysis from the HIV epidemiology research study. JAMA. 2001;285:1466–74.
Jiang Y, Wang M, Wei X, He J, Guo T, Huang G, et al. Prevalence of depression and related factors in 180 HIV/AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2016;37:638–42.
Rong H, Nianhua X, Jun X, Lianguo R, Si W, Sheng W, et al. Prevalence of and risk factors for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral treatment in Wuhan, China: a short report. AIDS Care. 2017;29:1–5.
Yao H, Zhu X, Wang H, Gu K. Analysis of mental health status among people with HIV/AIDS in shanghai. Chinese Primary Health Care. 2014;28:48–9.
Zhao L, Cai L, Cui W, Wang G, Zhao G, Prevalence HJ. Influencing factors of depression and anxiety among people living with HIV/AIDS in Yunnan province. Chin J Public Health. 2017;0:1–4.
Rotenstein LS, Ramos MA, Torre M, Segal JB, Peluso MJ, Guille C, et al. Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation among medical students: a systematic review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2016;316:2214–36.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman D, PRISMA Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Open Med 2009;3:e123–e130.
Tao J, Vermund S, Lu H, Ruan Y, Shepherd B, Kipp A, et al. Impact of depression and anxiety on initiation of antiretroviral therapy among men who have sex with men with newly diagnosed HIV infections in China. AIDS Patient Care STDs. 2017;31:96–104.
Hu J, Zhou X, Qu F, Xu T, Wang S, Yi Y, et al. Depression of HIV/AIDS outpatients and its influence factors. Journal of Nursing. 2017;24:5–8.
Huang X, Li H, Meyers K, Xia W, Meng Z, Li C, et al. Burden of sleep disturbances and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional survey among HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy across China. Sci Rep. 2017;7:3657.
Luo S, Zhou H, Zhou C, Li Y. The psychological health status and sexual behavior in the HIV-infected men who have sex with men. Journal of Preventive Medicine Information. 2017;33:450–3.
Mo X. Investgate the psychological distress status and evaluate the effect of individualized psychological intervention in HIV/AIDS. Guangxi medical university (Nanning); 2017. MA thesis.
Wang H, Wang M, Jiang F, Liu Z, Wang H, Li J. Socio-psychological factors relevant to suicidal ideation among patients with AIDS in Changsha. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2017;42:687–94.
Yu N. The effects of beliefs about AIDS-related death on quality of life in Chinese married couples with both husband and wife infected with HIV: examining congruence using the actor-partner interdependence model. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2017;15:127.
Zhou J, Cheng H, Xu F, Zhang X, Zhu J, Wang P. The psychological and social support status of people living with HIV/AIDS in Wuxi. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention. 2016;20:1265–9.
Fang X, Ma D, Zou Z, Kan X, Tang L. Social support and mental health among patients with TB/HIV double infection in Anhui Province. Chinese Rural Health Service Administration. 2016;36:228–31.
Li C, Chen Y, Xing J, Zhang Q, Xiong B, Zhao Z, et al. Investigation of psychological health of people living with HIV/AIDS in Dalian. Studies of Trace Elements and Health. 2016;33:65–6.
Li J, Mo PKH, Kahler CW, Lau JTF, Du M, Dai Y, et al. Prevalence and associated factors of depressive and anxiety symptoms among HIV-infected men who have sex with men in China. AIDS Care. 2016;28:465–70.
Li L, Lyu C, Zhang X, Dong L, Fu J. Survey on quality of life among AIDS patients who received ART. Jinan city Preventive Medicine Tribune. 2016;22:847–8.
Li Y, Song X, Zhao X, Li T. The level of anxiety and depression in HIV/AIDS patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Nurs Adm. 2016;16:241–3.
Li Z, Hsieh E, Morano JP, Sheng Y. Exploring HIV-related stigma among HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: a correlation study. AIDS Care. 2016;28:1394–401.
Luo X, Jimu M, Yang Q, Shama X. Analysis of depressive status of AIDS patients co-infected with tuberculosis in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2016;22:825–7.
Peng B, Luo D, Liu Y, Niu L, Wang M, Chen X, et al. HIV/AIDS stress, emotional problems and social support among newly HIV-infected men who have sex with men. China Journal of Modern Medicine. 2016;26:131–6.
Zhang H, Zeng C, Cai W, Guo Z, Zhu Y, Sun Y, et al. Suicidal status and related factors between male and female people living with HIV/AIDS. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2016;22:601–4.
Zhang X, Tan W, Zhang Z, Wu D, Xu H, Sun Y. A follow-up survey on mental health of people with HIV/AIDS in the early stage of antiviral therapy. Journal of Preventive Medicine of Chinese People's Liberation Army. 2016;34:835–7.
Zhao C, Zhou Z. Psychological status of HIV/AIDS patients and their relatives in Shufu county of Xinjiang. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2016;22:717–20.
Chen F, Ding F, Lin X, Wang X, He H, Huang W, et al. Prevalence rates of depression and anxiety in HIV-infected men who have sex with men. Chin Ment Health J. 2015;29:251–7.
Guo Z, Cai W, Zhou Q, Zhu Y, Guo Y. Gender differences in factors associated with depression among people living with HIV/AIDS in Guangzhou. South China. J Prev Med. 2015;41:501–6.
Li X, Li L, Wang H, Fennie KP, Chen J, Williams AB. Mediation analysis of health-related quality of life among people living with HIV infection in China. Nurs Health Sci. 2015;17:250–6.
Li Z. Investigation on the status of perceived discrimination in HIV / AIDS patients and its influencing factors. Peking union medical college (Beijing); 2015. MA thesis.
Sun HM. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy, anxiety and depression of AIDS patients in Anhui, China. Anhui Medical University (Hefei); 2015. MA thesis.
Wu Y, Yang H, Wang J, Yao H, Zhao X, Chen J, et al. Prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors among HIV-positive MSM in Anhui, China. Int J STD AIDS. 2015;26:496–503.
Wang H, Zhang C, Ruan Y, Li X, Fennie K, Williams A. Depressive symptoms and social support among people living with HIV in Hunan, China. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2014;25:568–76.
Qiu Y, Luo D, Cheng R, Xiao Y, Chen X, Huang Z, et al. Emotional problems and related factors in patients with HIV/AIDS. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2014;39:835–41.
Dwyer R, Wenhui L, Cysique L, Brew BJ, Lal L, Bain P, et al. Symptoms of depression and rates of neurocognitive impairment in HIV positive patients in Beijing, China. J Affect Disord. 2014;162:89–95.
Hou WL, Chen CE, Liu HY, Lai YY, Lee HC, Lee NY, et al. Mediating effects of social support on depression and quality of life among patients with HIV infection in Taiwan. AIDS Care. 2014;26:996–1003.
Liu H, He X, Levy JA, Xu Y, Zang C, Lin X. Psychological impacts among older and younger people living with HIV/AIDS in Nanning, China. J Aging Res. 2014;2014:576592.
Liu Y. Impact of perceived stigma of HIV/AIDS patients on mental health and unsafe sexual behavior. China Journal of Modern Medicine. 2014;24:76–80.
Liu Y, Yang G, Gong H, Yan J. Association of perceived stigma, psychological status and sexual behavior in the HIV-infected persons among men who have sex with men. Chinese Journal of Modern Medicine. 2014;24:51–5.
Peng M. Research on current situation of medical discrimination against person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Guangdong province. Jinan University (Guangzhou); 2014. MA thesis.
Shi K, He Y, Zou Y. Personal and family's factors influencing the self-discrimination of AIDS patients. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention. 2014;18:1206–8.
Sun W, Wu M, Qu P, Lu C, Wang L. Psychological well-being of people living with HIV/AIDS under the new epidemic characteristics in China and the risk factors: a population-based study. Int J Infect Dis. 2014;28:e147–52.
Sun W, Lu L, Yuan Y, Xu D, Chen X, Zou Q, et al. The anxiety and depression of male homosexual with HIV/AIDS in Nanchang City: current situation and related factors. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention. 2014;18:1143–6.
Yang G. Retention in care and its related factors of people living with HIV/AIDS in Changsha. Central South University (Changsha); 2014. MA thesis.
Zhou G. A survey on psychological states and coping styles in HIV/AIDS during the antiretroviral therapy in three hospitals in Yunnan Province. Kunming Medical University (Kunming); 2014. MA thesis.
Zhou Z, Gao Y. Mental health of AIDS/HIV positive clients. China Journal of Health Psychology. 2014;22:22–4.
Liu L, Pang R, Sun W, Wu M, Qu P, Lu C, et al. Functional social support, psychological capital, and depressive and anxiety symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS employed full-time. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:324.
Su X, Lau JTF, Mak WWS, Choi KC, Chen L, Song J, et al. Prevalence and associated factors of depression among people living with HIV in two cities in China. J Affect Disord. 2013;149:108–15.
Wang M. Health status and health service utilization in a sample of HIV-positive men who have sex with men in shanghai. Anhui Medical University (Hefei); 2013. MA thesis.
Yang Y, Qin X, Zhang H, Huang G, Li G, Li Y. The study on depression and influencing factors among people living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2013;13:1381–4.
Bo P. The evaluation of degree of depression and quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Chinese and Foreign Medical Research. 2012;10:61–2.
Rao D, Chen WT, Pearson CR, Simoni JM, Fredriksen-Goldsen K, Nelson K, et al. Social support mediates the relationship between HIV stigma and depression/quality of life among people living with HIV in Beijing, China. Int J STD AIDS. 2012;23:481–4.
Yeh ML, Hsu ST, Ko WC, Ko NY. Depressive symptoms in people living with HIV: related factors. Hu li za zhi. 2012;59:40–50.
Dong W, Geng W, Huang J, Qin Y, Ou R, Qin Y. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis of influencing factors of the depression in the HIV-infected out-patients. Chinese journal of new Clinical Medicine. 2011;04:429–33.
Sun Y, Fan A, Yan X. Survey on psychology status and related factors among population with HIV/ AIDS. Chinese journal of public. Health Management. 2011;27:314–6.
Yang HX. Research on the stress and its correlates of HIV-infected pregnant women. Kunming Medical University (Kunming); 2011. MA thesis.
Liu T, Fu J, Kang D, Qian Y, Lyu C, Zhang X. Investigation on living condition among HIV-infected patients in Shandong Province. Preventive Medicine Tribune. 2010;16:228–30.
Lu L, He C, Yang Y. Analysis and persuasion of depression during AIDS patients in rural areas. China Modern Doctor. 2010;48:85–6.
Su P, Tao F, Hao J, Huang K, Zhu P. Mental health and risk behavior of married adult HIV/AIDS subjects derived from paid blood donation in the rural of Anhui Province. Journal of Hygiene Research. 2010;39:739–42.
Wang Y, Li AA. Study on depression, anxiety and related factors in pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Chinese Journal of Family Planning. 2010;18:340–3.
Xu MZ. Attempted suicide and mental disorders among HIV-positive drug users in Guangdong. Guangdong pharmaceutical university (Guangzhou); 2010. MA thesis.
Jin C, Zhao G, Zhang F, Feng L. Wu N. The psychological status of HIV-positive people and their psychosocial experiences in eastern China. HIV MED. 2009;11:253–9.
Chen G. Study of the mental health and the influencing factors with rural area PLWHA in a county of Henan. Third Military Medical University (Chongqing); 2008. MA thesis.
Li B, Zhu Y, Mo J, Zhang J. Psychological evaluation of anxiety and depression response for 95 cases of HIV positive people. Journal of Kunming Medical University. 2008;29:20–4.
Li J. Study on PLWHA demand for psychological care evaluation and intervention in rural area. Anhui Medical University (Hefei); 2008. MA thesis.
Ning N, Shi C, Yu X, Chen Y, Wu Z, Jin H, et al. Depression and quality of life investigation among HIV/AIDS subjects infected by plasma donation. Chin Ment Health J. 2008;22:501–4.
Wang H, Zhou J, Huang L. Adherence to highly active antiretroviral treatment and related factors in drug users with HIV/AIDS. Chinese journal of behavioral medicine and brain. Science. 2008;17:881–3.
Zhu XY. Research and evaluation on the psychology and quality of life among HIV/AIDS cases and correlated people. Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences (Jinan); 2008. MA thesis.
Fang G, Jiang Q, Dong Y. Analysis and study of psychological state among paid blood donors infected with HIV in rural areas. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention. 2007;11:127–9.
Lyu YH. A cross-sectional study on the mental health among people living with HIV/AIDS. Peking union medical college (Beijing); 2007. MA thesis.
Huang T, Leu H, Liu J. Lymphocyte subsets and viral load in male AIDS patients with major depression: naturalistic study. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006;60:687–92.
Jin H, Hampton Atkinson J, Yu X, Heaton RK, Shi C, Marcotte TP, et al. Depression and suicidality in HIV/AIDS in China. J Affect Disord. 2006;94:269–75.
Sun J. Study examines the living situation of people living with HIV/AIDS in Suizhou City of Hubei Province. Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Wuhan); 2006. MA thesis.
Lin X, Wu H, Zhang T, Fu Y, Wang J. Analysis of depression and anxiety among paid blood donors infected with HIV in rural areas. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2005;11:178–81.
Liao J, Ma Y, Xiong J, Kuang W, Shi Q, Xiao Y. Investigation of depressive status of patients with HIV/AIDS and their family members. Chinese. J Dermatol. 2004;37:8–9.
Yen CF, Tsai JJ, Lu PL, Chen YH, Chen TC, Chen PP, et al. Quality of life and its correlates in HIV/AIDS male outpatients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2004;58:501–6.
Luo H, Li Y. Study on the status quo of the domestic depression disorder prevalence and its distribution characteristics. Foreign Medical Sciences (Section of Medgeography). 2012;33:254–5.
Lu J, Ruan Y, Huang Y, Yao J, Dang W, Gao C. Major depression in Kunming: prevalence, correlates and co-morbidity in a south-western city of China. J Affect Disord. 2008;111:221–6.
Bernard C, Dabis F, Prevalence d RN. Factors associated with depression in people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2017;12:e181960.
Benton TD. Depression and HIV/AIDS. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2008;10:280–5.
Kalichman SC, Rompa D, Cage M. Distinguishing between overlapping somatic symptoms of depression and HIV disease in people living with HIV-AIDS. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2000;188:662–70.
Gibbie T, Mijch A, Ellen S, Hoy J, Hutchison C, Wright E, et al. Depression and neurocognitive performance in individuals with HIV/AIDS: 2-year follow-up. HIV Med. 2006;7:112–21.
Castellon SA, Hardy DJ, Hinkin CH, Satz P, Stenquist PK, van Gorp WG, et al. Components of depression in HIV-1 infection: their differential relationship to neurocognitive performance. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2006;28:420–37.
Grant I. Neurocognitive disturbances in HIV. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2008;20:33–47.
Asch SM, Kilbourne AM, Gifford AL, Burnam MA, Turner B, Shapiro MF, et al. Underdiagnosis of depression in HIV: who are we missing. J Gen Intern Med. 2003;18:450–60.
Liang H, Fei L, Zhang Y, Xue D, Wei L, Cui Y, et al. A preliminary investigation on the knowledge of depression in non-psychiatric clinic staff in three cities in developing countries. Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases. 2007;33:48–50.
Akena D, Stein DJ, Joska J. Does screening HIV-positive individuals in Uganda for major depressive disorder improve case detection rates and antidepressant prescription? AIDS Behav. 2013;17:2802–7.
Zhang X, Miège P, Zhang Y. Decentralization of the provision of health services to people living with HIV/AIDS in rural China: the case of three counties. Health Res Policy Syst. 2011;9:9.
Jiang Z. Research progress on the status quo and needs of mental health resources in China. Journal of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities. 2016;38:442–3.
National Heath and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China. National mental health program (2015 - 2020). 2015. http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2015-06/18/content_9860.htm. Accessed 16 Sept 2017
Du W, Guo L, Wei N, Tao M, Tian X, An J, et al. An analysis of AIDS related knowledge among Chinese citizens and its influencing factors. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2011;17:332–5.
Zhang X, Su X, Song W, Wang C, Wang L, Zhang L, et al. Telephone survey on awareness of HIV/AIDS and related policy among residents in 19 provinces of China. Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD. 2013;19:683–93.
Liu Q, Yang JJ, Guo Y. Investigation on depression and social support among people living with HIV/AIDS. Medical Journal of Wuhan University. 2011;32:273–6.
Li L. A study on living status of people living with HIV/AIDS in high HIV prevalence districts. Peking union medical college (Beijing); 2007. MA thesis.
Wang H, Zhou J, Huang L, Li X. Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy and quality of life in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Chinese Journal of Nursing. 2008;43:776–9.
Richards D. Prevalence and clinical course of depression: a review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31:1117–25.
Deshmukh NN, Borkar AM, Deshmukh JS. Depression and its associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS: can it affect their quality of life? J Family Med Prim Care. 2017;6:549–53.
Egbe CO, Dakum PS, Ekong E, Kohrt BA, Minto JG, Ticao CJ. Depression, suicidality, and alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:542.
L'Akoa RM, Noubiap JJ, Fang Y, Ntone FE, Kuaban C. Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in HIV-positive patients: a cross-sectional study among newly diagnosed patients in Yaoundé, Cameroon. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:228.
Kessler RC, Berglund P, O D, Merikangas KR, Rush AJ, Walters EE, et al. The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). JAMA 2003;289:3095–3105.
Seth P, Kidder D, Pals S, Parent J, Mbatia R, Chesang K, et al. Psychosocial functioning and depressive symptoms among HIV-positive persons receiving care and treatment in Kenya, Namibia, and Tanzania. Prev Sci. 2014;15:318–28.
Akena D, Musisi S, Joska J, Stein DJ. The association between aids related stigma and major depressive disorder among HIV-positive individuals in Uganda. PLoS One. 2012;7:e48671.
Kaharuza FM, Bunnell R, Moss S, Purcell DW, Bikaako-Kajura W, Wamai N, et al. Depression and CD4 cell count among persons with HIV infection in Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2006;10:S105–11.
Vilagut G, Forero CG, Barbaglia G, Alonso J. Screening for depression in the general population with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D): a systematic review with Meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2016;11:e155431.
Wang YP, Gorenstein C. Assessment of depression in medical patients: a systematic review of the utility of the Beck depression inventory-II. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013;68:1274–87.
Kerr LK, Kerr LD Jr. Screening tools for depression in primary care: the effects of culture, gender, and somatic symptoms on the detection of depression. West J Med 2001;175:349–352.
Niu L, Luo D, Liu Y, Silenzio VM, Xiao S. The mental health of people living with HIV in China, 1998-2014: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2016;11:e153489.
Clarke DM, Depression CK. Anxiety and their relationship with chronic diseases: a review of the epidemiology. risk and treatment evidence Med J Aust. 2009;190:S54–60.
Glassman AH, Shapiro PA. Depression and The course of coronary artery disease. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155:4–11.
Gaynes BN, O'Donnell J, Nelson E, Heine A, Zinski A, Edwards M, et al. Psychiatric comorbidity in depressed HIV-infected individuals: common and clinically consequential. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2015;37:277–82.