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  1. About half of Swedish eating disorder patients report exercising compulsively and compulsive exercise (CE) is prevalent in all diagnoses and both genders. Yet there are no systematic treatments targeting CE in...

    Authors: Elin Monell, Caroline Meyer, Agnieszka Szwajda and Emma Forsén Mantilla

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:369

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The onset of mental disorders typically occurs between the ages of 12 and 25, and the burden of mental health problems is the most consequential for this group. Indicated prevention interventions to target ind...

    Authors: M. van Doorn, A. Popma, T. van Amelsvoort, C. McEnery, J. F. Gleeson, F. G. Ory, Jaspers M. W. M., M. Alvarez-Jimenez and D. H. Nieman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:368

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. The transition in the population pyramid is a reality in several locations around the world and projections of an increase in the older population in Brazil demonstrate the relevance of studies on factors that...

    Authors: Cleide Maria de Paula Rebouças, Maura Regina Ribeiro, Juliana Zangilorami-Raimundo, Polyana Caroline de Lima Bezerra, Angelo Márcio das Chagas de Souza Júnior, Nair da Silva Souza, Janaina Ribeiro Pereira, José Maria Soares Júnior, Larissa Maria de Paula Rebouças da Costa, Luiz Carlos de Abreu and Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research

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  4. Children and adolescents’ mental health problems have been largely assessed with conventional symptom scales, for example, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) given that it is one of the mostly wide...

    Authors: Yeosun Yoon, Jessica Deighton, Alice Wickersham, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, David Osborn, Essi Viding and Johnny Downs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a rare clinical entity that is classically composed of visual hallucinations in the context of an altered optic pathway with preservation of reality judgment. This case aims to...

    Authors: Lomelín-López Diana, Jaime Carmona-Huerta, J. Guillermo Patiño, Aldana-López Alejandro and Durand-Arias Sol

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:365

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Educational interventions engage youth using visual, literary and performing arts to combat stigma associated with mental health problems. However, it remains unknown whether arts interventions are effective i...

    Authors: Shivani Mathur Gaiha, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Shamaila Usmani, Mirja Koschorke, Usha Raman and Mark Petticrew

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic profoundly impacts on mental health, yet it is still unclear whether COVID-19 distress makes people more vulnerable to suicidal behavior. The present study aims...

    Authors: Yongsheng Tong, Kenneth R. Conner, Yi Yin, Liting Zhao, Yuehua Wang, Mengjie Wu and Cuiling Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:363

    Content type: Research

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  8. Reducing substance use in youth is a global health priority. We compared two cohorts from the same 12-week residential substance use disorder (SUD) facility over a 10 year period: Cohort A (2008–2009) and Coho...

    Authors: Ely M. Marceau, Gabriella Holmes, Jane Cutts, Lauren Mullaney, Denise Meuldijk, Michelle L. Townsend and Brin F. S. Grenyer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research

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  9. Early diagnosis of adolescent psychiatric disorder is crucial for early intervention. However, there is extensive comorbidity between affective and psychotic disorders, which increases the difficulty of precis...

    Authors: Zheyi Zhou, Kangcheng Wang, Jinxiang Tang, Dongtao Wei, Li Song, Yadong Peng, Yixiao Fu and Jiang Qiu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research

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  10. Pathogenic variants of the AUTS2 (Autism Susceptibility candidate 2) gene predispose to intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, facial dysmorphism and short st...

    Authors: Christophe GAULD, Alice POISSON, Julie REVERSAT, Elodie PEYROUX, Françoise HOUDAYER-ROBERT, Massimiliano ROSSI, Gaetan LESCA, Damien SANLAVILLE and Caroline DEMILY

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:360

    Content type: Case report

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  11. There is concern that rates of mental disorders may be increasing although findings disagree. Using an innovative design with a daughter-mother data set we assess whether there has been a generational increase...

    Authors: Jake M. Najman, William Bor, Gail M. Williams, Christel M. Middeldorp, Abdullah A. Mamun, Alexandra M. Clavarino and James G. Scott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:359

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Preoperative anxiety is a common psychological reaction in perioperative patients. The absence of a valid measurement tool hinders the evaluation of interventions to treat preoperative anxiety in China. This s...

    Authors: Chengjiao Zhang, Xitong Liu, Tianran Hu, Fei Zhang, Lingyi Pan, Yan Luo and Zhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with care delivery problems because of the high levels of clinical resources needed to address patient’s psychosocial impairment and to support inclusion in society. C...

    Authors: Frank Röhricht, Raguraman Padmanabhan, Paul Binfield, Deepa Mavji and Sally Barlow

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research

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  14. The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with significant psychological and social distress worldwide. We investigated fear and depression among adults in Cameroon during different phases of the COVID-19 outb...

    Authors: Joseph Nelson Siewe Fodjo, Leonard Ngarka, Wepnyu Y. Njamnshi, Leonard N. Nfor, Michel K. Mengnjo, Edwige Laure Mendo, Samuel A. Angwafor, Jonas Guy Atchou Basseguin, Cyrille Nkouonlack, Edith N. Njit, Nene Ahidjo, Eric S. Chokote, Fidèle Dema, Julius Y. Fonsah, Godwin Y. Tatah, Nancy Palmer…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:356

    Content type: Research

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  15. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis (NMDAR-E) is an autoimmune encephalitis (AE) mainly affecting young females. It typically presents with isolated psychiatric symptoms (e.g. depressed mood) at first and neurolog...

    Authors: David Weiss, Lisa Kertzscher, Magdalena Degering, David Wozniak and Michael Kluge

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:355

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. Childhood maltreatment and peer victimization are major risk factors for depression and suicidal behavior. Furthermore, childhood maltreatment increases the risk of peer victimization. Our objective was to dis...

    Authors: Melissa Macalli, Massimiliano Orri, Christophe Tzourio and Sylvana M. Côté

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research

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  17. Effort-reward imbalance is an adverse psychological response to working conditions that has several negative effects on nurses. However, there is little research on effort-reward imbalance and its influencing ...

    Authors: Mengge Tian, Heping Yang, Xiaoxv Yin, Yafei Wu, Guopeng Zhang, Chuanzhu Lv, Ketao Mu and Yanhong Gong

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The Coronavirus pandemic has disrupted health systems across the world and led to major shifts in individual behavior by forcing people into isolation in home settings. Its rapid spread has overwhelmed populat...

    Authors: Rita J. Ames-Guerrero, Victoria A. Barreda-Parra, Julio C. Huamani-Cahua and Jane Banaszak-Holl

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research article

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  19. HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND remains a pronounced consequence of HIV/AIDS despite improved life expectancies. This is often associated with several dysfunctions such as decrease of attention, m...

    Authors: Jane Kasozi Namagga, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Vallence Niyonzima and Joachim Voss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research

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  20. Mental–somatic multimorbidity in general hospital settings is associated with long hospital stays, frequent rehospitalization, and a deterioration of disease course, thus, highlighting the need for treating ho...

    Authors: Nicola Julia Aebi, Seraina Caviezel, Rainer Schaefert, Gunther Meinlschmidt, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Günther Fink, Lara Riedo, Thomas Leyhe and Kaspar Wyss

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research

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  21. Severity of symptoms in patients with schizophrenia is a determinant of patient’s well-being, but evidence in low- and middle-income countries is limited. We aimed to measure the symptom severity using objecti...

    Authors: Teerapat Teetharatkul, Arnont Vitayanont, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul and Warut Aunjitsakul

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder which often presents with neuropsychiatric symptoms. A large proportion of cases are associated with an identifiable tumor...

    Authors: Khushminder Chahal, Tara Endeman, Sarah Scapinello and Michal Sapieha

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:347

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Ensuring adequate utilization of healthcare services for displaced populations is critical, yet there are well-documented treatment gaps. Yazidi women captured by the Islamic State (IS) were subjected to extre...

    Authors: Virginia M. Tran, Laila Fozouni, Jana K. Denkinger, Caroline Rometsch, Florian Junne, Patrick Vinck and Phuong Pham

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Notwithstanding the firmly established cross-sectional association of happiness with psychiatric disorders and their symptom severity, little is known about their temporal relationships. The goal of the presen...

    Authors: Philip Spinhoven, Bernet M. Elzinga, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx and Erik J. Giltay

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research

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  25. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a deadly and feared infectious disease, which can be responsible of debilitating physical and psychological sequelae in survivors including depression and anxiety disorders. Unfort...

    Authors: Célestin Kaputu-Kalala-Malu, Eric Mafuta Musalu, Tim Walker, Olga Ntumba-Tshitenge and Steve Ahuka-Mundeke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. This study aimed to investigate whether personal recovery indices in individuals with psychotic disorders would change through hospitalisation in a psychiatric ward and to identify factors associated with thes...

    Authors: Norika Mitsunaga-Ohmuro and Noriyuki Ohmuro

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:340

    Content type: Research

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  27. Duration of risk symptoms (DUR) in people at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-P) has been related to poorer clinical outcomes, such as reduced functioning, but it is currently unclear how different sympto...

    Authors: Lorna Staines, Ruchika Gajwani, Joachim Gross, Andrew I. Gumley, Stephen M. Lawrie, Matthias Schwannauer, Frauke Schultze-Lutter and Peter J. Uhlhaas

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Caring for an individual with an eating disorder involves guilt, distress and many extra burdens and unmet needs. This qualitative study explored the experiences of parents with adult daughters suffering from ...

    Authors: Jannike Karlstad, Cathrine Fredriksen Moe, Mari Wattum and Berit Støre Brinchmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a global health threat and burden. It is associated with medical and psychological complications, especially depression. Depression among patients with DM may affect the gener...

    Authors: Saeed M. Omar, Imad R. Musa, Maysoon B. Idrees and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. The present study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the weight-related experiential avoidance (AAQW) in overweight and obese treatment seeker in the clinical setting.

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Pirmoradi, Ali Asgharzadeh, Behrooz Birashk, Banafshe Gharaee, Razieh Salehian, Ali Reza Ostadrahimi and Abolfazl Akbarzadeh

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Treatment Resistant Bipolar Depression (TRBD) is a major contributor to the burden of disease associated with Bipolar Disorder (BD). Treatment options for people experiencing bipolar depression are limited to ...

    Authors: Lumbini Azim, Paul Hindmarch, Georgiana Browne, Thomas Chadwick, Emily Clare, Paul Courtney, Lyndsey Dixon, Nichola Duffelen, Tony Fouweather, John R. Geddes, Nicola Goudie, Sandy Harvey, Timea Helter, Eva-Maria Holstein, Garry Martin, Phil Mawson…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:334

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. The onset of mental health problems generally occurs between the ages of 16 and 23 – the years in which young people follow post-secondary education, which is a major channel in our society to prepare for a ca...

    Authors: Jacomijn Hofstra, Jorien van der Velde, Petra Jannette Havinga and Lies Korevaar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:332

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Frontal variant frontotemporal dementia is a common cause of presenile dementia. A hexanucleotide expansion on chromosome 9 has recently been recognized as the most common genetic mutation cause of this illnes...

    Authors: A. M. Burhan, U. C. Anazodo, N. M. Marlatt, L. Palaniyappan, M. Blair and E. Finger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:331

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) caused psychological stress in Chinese adults population. But we are unaware of whether the pandemic causes psychological stress on children.

    Authors: Hanmei Xu, Hang Zhang, Lijuan Huang, Xiaolan Wang, Xiaowei Tang, Yanping Wang, Qingqing Xiao, Ping Xiong, Rongqiu Jiang, Jie Zhan, Fang Deng, Mingya Yu, Dong Liu, Xuejun Liu, Chunli Zhang, Wenjun Wang…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Research using the integrated model of metacognition has suggested that the construct of metacognition could quantify the spectrum of activities that, if impaired, might cause many of the subjective disturbanc...

    Authors: P. H. Lysaker, S. Cheli, G. Dimaggio, B. Buck, K. A. Bonfils, K. Huling, C. Wiesepape and J. T. Lysaker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:329

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. Perception of entrapment can emerge when someone feels trapped in an aversive situation and incapable of escape. Depression is closely related to the construct of entrapment. In China, men who have sex with me...

    Authors: Chen Xu, Xiaoyue Yu, Lhakpa Tsamlag, Shuxian Zhang, Ruijie Chang, Huwen Wang, Shangbin Liu, Ying Wang and Yong Cai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The COVID-19 pandemic and relevant prevention and control measures may affect the mental health and induce depressive symptoms in fathers with concurrent partner delivery exposure. This study aims to investiga...

    Authors: Guo-qiang Sun, Qi Wang, Shan-shan Wang and Yao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Although childhood abuse is considered to be related to borderline personality disorder (BPD), few studies have elaborated on the mediating role of self-esteem and resilience in it. Thus, the present study aim...

    Authors: Guo-Die Xie, Jun-Jie Chang, Meng-Yuan Yuan, Geng-Fu Wang, Yang He, Shan-Shan Chen and Pu-Yu Su

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Over the past few years, there has been growing public and research interest in adolescents’ experiences with various forms of bullying victimisation because of their psychological, emotional, and/ or physical...

    Authors: Richard Gyan Aboagye, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, John Elvis Hagan Jr, James Boadu Frimpong, Eugene Budu, Collins Adu, Raymond K. Ayilu and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:325

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The global burden of anxiety and depressive symptoms become increasing, specifically accounts for high burden of morbidity among patients with medical conditions in low-income countries. The aim was to compare...

    Authors: Eyaya Misgan and Habte Belete

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:324

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Treatment of a child who has an anxiety disorder usually begins with the question of which treatment to start first, medication or psychotherapy. Both have strong empirical support, but few studies have compar...

    Authors: Bradley S. Peterson, Amy E. West, John R. Weisz, Wendy J. Mack, Michele D. Kipke, Robert L. Findling, Brian S. Mittman, Ravi Bansal, Steven Piantadosi, Glenn Takata, Corinna Koebnick, Ceth Ashen, Christopher Snowdy, Marie Poulsen, Bhavana Kumar Arora, Courtney M. Allem…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:323

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  42. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for people suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and technology-based CBT applications are an emerging treatment option for peopl...

    Authors: Laura Marie Hoppen, Nora Kuck, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Eyal Karin, Bethany M. Wootton and Ulrike Buhlmann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The assessment of functional impairment is crucial both for the diagnosis and the therapeutic approach to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether the FAST is a ...

    Authors: Laura Gisbert-Gustemps, Jorge Lugo-Marín, Imanol Setien Ramos, Gemma Español Martín, Eduard Vieta, C. Mar Bonnín and Josep Antoni Ramos Quiroga

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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