Council of Europe: Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and its Explanatory Report. 2005, Warsaw 16V 2005: Council of Europe
ILO: A Global Alliance Against Forced Labour. 2005, Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office
UNHCR: Principles and guidelines on human rights and trafficking. 2002, Geneva, Switzerland: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations: Optional Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, G.A. Res. 55/25(2000). 2000, New York: United Nations General Assembly
McCauley HL, Decker MR, Silverman JG: Trafficking experiences and violence victimization of sex-trafficked young women in Cambodia. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2010, 110 (3): 266-267. 10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.04.016.
Sarkar K, Bal B, Mukherjee R, Chakraborty S, Saha S, Ghosh A, Parsons S: Sex-trafficking, violence, negotiating skill, and HIV infection in brothel-based sex workers of eastern India, adjoining Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr. 2008, 26 (2): 223-231.
Zimmerman C, Hossain M, Yun K, Gajdadziev V, Guzun N, Tchomarova M, Ciarrocchi RA, Johansson A, Kefurtova A, Scodanibbio S, et al: The health of trafficked women: a survey of women entering posttrafficking services in Europe. Am J Public Health. 2008, 98: 55-59. 10.2105/AJPH.2006.108357.
Oram S, Stöckl H, Busza J, Howard LM, Zimmerman C: Prevalence and risk of violence and the physical, mental, and sexual health problems associated with human trafficking: systematic review. PLoS Med. 2012, 9 (5): e1001224-10.1371/journal.pmed.1001224.
Turner-Moss E, Zimmerman C, Howard LM, Oram S: Labour exploitation and health: a case series of men and women seeking post-trafficking services. J Immigrant Minority Health. 2013, 10.1007/s10903-013-9832-6.
Gupta J, Raj A, Decker MR, Reed E, Silverman JG: HIV vulnerabilities of sex-trafficked Indian women and girls. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2009, 107 (1): 30-34. 10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.06.009.
Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, Maheshwari A, Patel V, Raj A: HIV prevalence and predictors among rescued sex-trafficked women and girls in Mumbai, India. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2006, 43 (5): 588-
Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, Maheshwari A, Willis BM, Raj A: HIV prevalence and predictors of infection in sex-trafficked Nepalese girls and women. JAMA. 2007, 298 (5): 536-10.1001/jama.298.5.536.
Cwikel J, Chudakov B, Paikin M, Agmon K, Belmaker R: Trafficked female sex workers awaiting deportation: comparison with brothel workers. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2004, 7 (4): 243-249. 10.1007/s00737-004-0062-8.
Tsutsumi A, Izutsu T, Poudyal AK, Kato S, Marui E: Mental health of female survivors of human trafficking in Nepal. Soc Sci Med. 2008, 66 (8): 1841-1847. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.12.025.
Ayazi T, Lien L, Eide AH, Malek Ruom M, Hauff E: What are the risk factors for the comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in a war-affected population? a cross-sectional community study in South Sudan. BMC Psychiatry. 2012, 12 (175): 10.1186/1471-244X-12-175.
Ostrovschi N, Prince M, Zimmerman C, Hotineanu M, Gorceag L, Gorceag V, Flach C, Abas M: Women in post-trafficking services in moldova: diagnostic interviews over two time periods to assess returning women’s mental health. BMC Publ Health. 2011, 11 (1): 232-10.1186/1471-2458-11-232.
Brewin CR, Andrews B, Valentine JD: Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000, 68 (5): 748-
Ehlers A, Clark DM: A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2000, 38 (4): 319-345. 10.1016/S0005-7967(99)00123-0.
Ozer EJ, Best SR, Lipsey TL, Weiss DS: Predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder and symptoms in adults: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull. 2003, 129 (1): 52-
Oram S, Ostrovschi N, Gorceag VI, Hotineanu MA, Gorceag L, Trigub C, Abas MA: Physical health symptoms reported by trafficked women receiving post-trafficking support in Moldova: prevalence, severity and associated factors. BMC Women's Health. 2012, 12 (20): 1-19.
International Organization for Migration: Caring for Trafficked Persons- Guidance for Health Providers. 2009, Geneva: International Organization for Migration
Zimmerman C, Watts C: WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women. 2003, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization
Jirapramukpitak T, Harpham T, Prince M: Family violence and its ‘adversity package’: a community survey of family violence and adverse mental outcomes among young people. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011, 46 (9): 825-831. 10.1007/s00127-010-0252-9.
Straus MA: Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: the conflict tactics (CT) scales. J Marriage Fam. 1979, 41 (1): 75-88. 10.2307/351733.
Wyatt GE: The sexual abuse of Afro-American and White-American women in childhood. Child Abuse Negl. 1985, 9 (4): 507-519. 10.1016/0145-2134(85)90060-2.
Barling J, O’Leary KD, Jouriles EN, Vivian D, MacEwan KE: Factor similarity of the Conflict Tactics Scale across samples, spouses and sites: issues and implications. Journal of Family Violence. 1987, 2: 37-54. 10.1007/BF00976369.
World Health Organization: The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. 1992, Geneva: World Health Organization
American Psychiatric Association: Diagostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition, Text Revision). 2000, Washington D.C: American Psychiatric Association
First MB, Spitzer RL, Gibbon M, Williams JBW: Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Non-patient Edition (SCID-I/NP). 2002, New York: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute
Kilpatrick DG, Resnick HS, Acierno R: Should PTSD Criterion A be retained?. J Trauma Stress. 2009, 22: 374-383. 10.1002/jts.20436.
Andresen R, Caputi P, Oades LG: Interrater reliability of the Camberwell assessment of need short appraisal schedule. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2000, 34: 856-861. 10.1080/j.1440-1614.2000.00814.x.
Broadhead JC, Abas MA: Life events, difficulties and depression among women in an urban setting in Zimbabwe. Psychol Med. 1998, 28 (1): 29-38. 10.1017/S0033291797005618.
Broadhead WE, Gehlbach SH, de Gruy FV, Kaplan BH: The Duke-UNC functional social support questionnaire: measurement of social support in family medicine patients. Medical Care. 1988, 26: 709-723. 10.1097/00005650-198807000-00006.
Mehta CR, Patel NR: A network algorithm for performing fisher exact test in R X C contingency-tables. J Am Stat Assoc. 1983, 78: 427-434.
StataCorp: Stata Statistical Software: Release 11. 2009, College Station, TX: StataCorp LP
Brown GW, Harris TO: Social origins of depression: a study of psychiatric disorder in women. 1978, London: Tavistock
Pereda N, Guilera G, Forns M, Gomez-Benito J: The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse: a continuation of Finkelhor (1994). Child Abuse Negl. 2009, 33: 331-342. 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.07.007.
Yehuda R, LeDoux J: Response variation following trauma: a translational neuroscience approach to understanding PTSD. Neuron Review. 2007, 56: 19-32. 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.09.006.
Hossain M, Zimmerman C, Abas M, Light M, Watts C: The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and women. Am J Public Health. 2010, 100 (12): 2442-2449. 10.2105/AJPH.2009.173229.
Laban CJ, Gernaat HBPE, Komproe IH, van der Tweel I, De Jong JTVM: Postmigration living problems and common psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2005, 193: 825-832. 10.1097/01.nmd.0000188977.44657.1d.
Laban CJ, Gernaat HBPE, Komproe IH, Schreuder GA, De Jong JTVM: Impact of a long asylum procedure on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004, 192: 843-852. 10.1097/01.nmd.0000146739.26187.15.
Silove D, Sinnerbrink I, Field A, Manicavasagar V, Steel Z: Anxiety, depression and PTSD in asylum seekers: associations with pre-migration trauma and post-migration stressors. Br J Psychiatry. 1997, 170: 351-357. 10.1192/bjp.170.4.351.
Ehlers A, Clark DM, Hackmann A, McManus F, Fennell M: Cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: development and evaluation. Behav Res Ther. 2005, 43 (4): 413-431. 10.1016/j.brat.2004.03.006.
Foa EB, Ehlers A, Clark DM, Tolin DF, Orsillo SM: The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): development and validation. Psychol Assess. 1999, 11: 303-314.
Beck AT, Rush JA, Shaw BF, Emery G: An overview. Cognitive Therapy of Depression. Edited by: Beck AT, Rush JA, Shaw BF, Emery G. 1979, New York: The Guilford Press
Carr C, McNulty M: Depression. The Handbook of Adult Clinical Psychology. Edited by: Carr C, McNulty M. 2006, London: Routledge
Fergusson DM, Horwood LJ, Boden JM: Structural equation modeling of repeated retrospective reports of childhood maltreatment. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2011, 20 (2): 93-104. 10.1002/mpr.337.
NICE: Clinical Guideline 26. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the management of PTSD in adult and children in primary and secondary care. 2005, London: NICE. Developed by the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health
Herman JL: Trauma and Recovery. 2001, New York: BasicBooks
Bisson JL, Ehlers A, Matthews R, Pilling S, Richards D, Turner S: Psychological treatments for chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatry. 2007, 190: 97-104. 10.1192/bjp.bp.106.021402.