Nemeroff CB: Neurobiological consequences of childhood trauma. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004, 65 (Suppl 1): 18-28.
McEwen BS: Early life influences on life-long patterns of behavior and health. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2003, 9 (3): 149-154.
Dahlenberg CJ, Palesh OG: Relationship between child abuse history, trauma, and dissociation in Russian college students. Child Abuse Negl. 2004, 28 (4): 461-474.
Mertin P, Mohr PB: Incidences and correlates of posttrauma symptoms in children from backgrounds of domestic violence. Violence Vict. Edited by: Maiuro RD. 2002, New York: Springer Publishing Company, 17 (5): 555-567.
Dyregrov A, Gjestad R, Raundalen M: Children exposed to warfare: a longitudinal study. J Trauma Stress. 2002, 15 (1): 59-68.
Sack WH, Him C, Dickason D: Twelve-year follow-up study of Khmer youths who suffered massive war trauma as children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999, 38 (9): 1173-1179.
Schaal S, Elbert T: Ten years after the genocide: trauma confrontation and posttraumatic stress in Rwandan adolescents. J Trauma Stress. 2006, 19 (1): 95-105.
Charmandari E, Kino T, Souvatzoglou E, Chrousos GP: Pediatric stress: hormonal mediators and human development. Horm Res. 2003, 59 (4): 161-179.
McCauley J, Kern DE, Kolodner K, Dill L, Schroeder AF, DeChant HK, Ryden J, Derogatis LR, Bass EB: Clinical characteristics of women with a history of childhood abuse: unhealed wounds. Jama. 1997, 277 (17): 1362-1368.
Heim C, Plotsky PM, Nemeroff CB: Importance of studying the contributions of early adverse experience to neurobiological findings in depression. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2004, 29 (4): 641-648.
Thompson JL, Pogue-Geile MF, Grace AA: Developmental pathology, dopamine, and stress: a model for the age of onset of schizophrenia symptoms. Schizophr Bull. 2004, 30 (4): 875-900.
Meyer H, Taiminen T, Vuori T, Aijala A, Helenius H: Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms related to psychosis and acute involuntary hospitalization in schizophrenic and delusional patients. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1999, 187 (6): 343-352.
Maynard TM, Sikich L, Lieberman JA, LaMantia AS: Neural development, cell-cell signaling, and the "two-hit" hypothesis of schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2001, 27 (3): 457-476.
Scheller-Gilkey G, Moynes K, Cooper I, Kant C, Miller AH: Early life stress and PTSD symptoms in patients with comorbid schizophrenia and substance abuse. Schiz Research. 2004, 69: 167-174.
Read J, van Os J, Morrison AP, Ross CA: Childhood trauma, psychosis and schizophrenia: a literature review with theoretical andclinical implications. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2005, 112: 330-350.
Phillips NK, Hammen CL, Brennan PA, Najman JM, Bor W: Early adversity and the prospective prediction of depressive and anxiety disorders in adolescents. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2005, 33 (1): 13-24.
Zlotnick C, Johnson J, Kohn R, Vincente B, Rioseco P, Saldivia S: Childhood trauma, trauma in adulthood, and psychiatric diagnoses: results from a community sample. Compr Psychiatry. 2008, 49 (2): 163-169.
Goodman M, New A, Siever L: Trauma, genes, and the neurobiology of personality disorders. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004, 1032: 104-116.
Kolk Van der BA, Hostetler A, Herron N, Fisler RE: Trauma and the development of borderline personality disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1994, 17 (4): 715-730.
De Bellis MD: Developmental traumatology: a contributory mechanism for alcohol and substance use disorders. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2002, 27 (1–2): 155-170.
Reed PL, Anthony JC, Breslau N: Incidence of drug problems in young adults exposed to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: do early life experiences and predispositions matter?. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007, 64 (12): 1435-1442.
Stewart CA, Petrie RX, Balfour DJ, Matthews K, Reid IC: Enhanced evoked responses after early adversity and repeated platform exposure: the neurobiology of vulnerability?. Biol Psychiatry. 2004, 55 (8): 868-870.
Thompson KN, Phillips LJ, Komesaroff P, Yuen HP, Wood SJ, Pantelis C, Velakoulis D, Yung AR, McGorry PD: Stress and HPA-axis functioning in young people at ultra high risk for psychosis. J Psychiatr Res. 2007, 41 (7): 561-569.
Pole N, Neylan TC, Otte C, Metzler TJ, Best SR, Henn-Haase C, Marmar CR: Associations between childhood trauma and emotion-modulated psychophysiological responses to startling sounds: a study of police cadets. J Abnorm Psychol. 2007, 116 (2): 352-361.
Cohen RA, Paul RH, Stroud L, Gunstad J, Hitsman BL, McCaffery J, Sweet L, Niaura R, MacFarlane A, Bryant RA, Gordon E: Early life stress and adult emotional experience: an international perspective. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2006, 36 (1): 35-52.
Porsolt RD, Bertin A, Jalfre M: "Behavioural despair" in rats and mice: strain differences and the effects of imipramine. Eur J Pharmacol. 1978, 51 (3): 291-294.
Morley-Fletcher S, Darnaudery M, Koehl M, Casolini P, Van Reeth O, Maccari S: Prenatal stress in rats predicts immobility behavior in the forced swim test. Effects of a chronic treatment with tianeptine. Brain Res. 2003, 989 (2): 246-251.
Cabib S, Puglisi-Allegra S: Stress, depression and the mesolimbic dopamine system. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1996, 128 (4): 331-342.
Lang PJ, McTeague L, Cuthbert B: Fear, anxiety, depression, and the anxiety spectrum disorder: A psychophysiological analysis. Psychological Clinical Science: Recent Advances in Theory and Practice. Edited by: Baker T, Bootzin R, Treat T. 2005, Hilsdale: LEA
Lysaker PH, Beattie NL, Strasburger AM, Davis LW: Reported history of child sexual abuse in schizophrenia: associations with heightened symptom levels and poorer participation over four months in vocational rehabilitation. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2005, 193: 790-795.
Read J, Agar K, Argyle N, Aderhold V: Sexual and physical abuse during childhood and adulthood as predictors of hallucinations, delusions and thought disorder. Psychol Psychother. 2003, 76: 1-22.
Read J, van Os J, Morrison AP, Ross CA: Childhood trauma, psychosis and schizophrenia: a literature review with theoretical and clinical implications. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2005, 112: 330-350.
Glaser JP, van Os J, Portegijs PJ, Myin-Germeys I: Childhood trauma and emotional reactivity to daily life stress in adult frequent attenders of general practitioners. J Psychosom Res. 2006, 61 (2): 229-236.
Bellack AS, Mueser KT, Wade J, Sayers S, Morrison RL: The ability of schizophrenics to perceive and cope with negative affect. Br J Psychiatry. 1992, 160: 473-480.
Mueller BR, Bale TL: Early prenatal stress impact on coping strategies and learning performance is sex dependent. Physiol Behav. 2007, 91 (1): 55-65.
Neuner F, Schauer M, Karunakara U, Klaschik C, Robert C, Elbert T: Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees. BMC Psychiatry. 2004, 4: 34-
Hammersley P, Dias A, Todd G, Bowen-Jones K, Reilly BM, Bentall R: Childhood trauma and hallucinations in bipolar affective disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 2003, 182: 543-547.
Butler RW, Mueser KT, Sprocj J, Braff DL: Positive symptoms of psychosis in posttraumatic stress disorder. Bio Psychiatry. 1996, 39: 839-844.
International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision. 1992, Genf: WHO
Lukoff D, Liberman RP, Nuechterlein KH: Symptom monitoring in the rehabilitation of schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Bull. 1986, 12 (4): 578-602.
Hautzinger M, Bailer M, Worall H, Keller F: Beck-Depressions-Inventar (BDI) Testhandbuch. 1995, Bern: Verlag Hans Huber, 2
Frances A, Pincus HA, First MB: The Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV. 1994, Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Sheehan KH, Amorim P, Janavs J, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Baker R, Dunbar GC: The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10. J Clin Psychiatry. 1998, 59 (Suppl 20): 22-33. quiz 34–57
Bremner JD, Vermetten E, Mazure CM: Development and preliminary psychometric properties of an instrument for the measurement of childhood trauma: The early trauma inventory. Depression and Anxiety. 2000, 12: 1-12.
Foa EB: Posttraumatic stress diagnostic scale (PDS) manual. 1995, Minneapolis: National Computer Systems
Hellhammer DH: PSQ – Prenatal Stress Questionnaire. Neuropattern Questionnaire (NPQ). 2003, Trier: Neuropattern
Watson D, Clark LA, Tellegen A: Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1988, 54 (6): 1063-1070.
Kay SR, Fiszbein A, Opler LA: The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1987, 13 (2): 261-276.
McEwen BS: The End of Stress As We Know It. 2002, Washington DC, Joseph Henry Press
McEwen BS: Prediction and damage from acute and chronic stress. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2004, 1032: 1-7.
Paus T: Mapping brain maturation and cognitive development during adolescence. Trends Cogn Sci. 2005, 9 (2): 60-68.
Baltes PB, Reuter-Lorenz PA, Rösler F, eds: Lifespan Development and the Brain. 2006, Cambridge University Press
Sinha R: Stress and drug abuse. Handbook of Stress and the Brain. Edited by: Steckler T, Kalin N, Reul J. 2005, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 15: 333-347.